Chapter 13 - Humanitarian and Peace/Stability Operations Constitutional Limits Does the constitution allow the president to send humanitarian aid/Peace keeping aid without authorization from Congress? Under the constitution, do you think the president has more authority to take military action or humanitarian action? Statutory Authority What does this statute allow - 10 U.S.C. §401. HUMANITARIAN AND CIVIC ASSISTANCE PROVIDED IN CONJUNCTION WITH MILITARY OPERATIONS? What does 10 U.S.C. §404. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE allow? Does these limit the president or extend his power? Protection or Provocation? Which American citizens is the president protecting? So, can the president hire Halliburton to deliver humanitarian aid, then send in troops to protect it? Can the president also protect foreigners? What are examples? Somalia What crisis brought the UN into Somalia in 1992? What did UN Resolution 794 provide for Somalia? What was the initial US military involvement? Did Congress support this? Why did we go into Mogadishu? What did the White House Counsel's office say was the core of the president's power to do this? Battle of Mogadishu - October 1993 Black Hawk Down - 1993 What limits did Congress put in the appropriations bill after this? What did the president do? What was the impact of this on our response to the Rwandan Genocide - 1994 Foreign Control of US Troops What potential constitutional problem is posed by putting US troops under foreign control? Can Congress constitutionally prevent the president from putting troops under foreign control, if it is otherwise allowed? Does it matter whether the actions in Iraq and Afghanistan are characterized as humanitarian, rather than military? What about Pakistan? What is the threat? How has the situation changed over the past 2 years? Why are we so worried about Pakistan? The bomb? India? Why does it make Afghanistan a secondary issue?