Ch 23 Study Guide Name: _________________________________________________________ Period: ______ 1. Vocab: A. Old Regime: B. Estates: C. Tennis Court Oath D. The Great Fear E. Coup d’etat F. Plebiscite G. Congress of Vienna H. Balance of Power I. Principle of Legitimacy J. Holy Alliance K. Concert of Europe st 2. 1 Estate: Who’s in it? How much of the population did they make up? How much of France’s land did they own? What did they do for the poor? About how much in taxes did they pay? 3. 2nd Estate: Who’s in it? How much of the population did they make up? How much of France’s land did they own? About how much in taxes did they pay? rd 4. 3 Estate: Who’s in it? How much of France’s population did they make up? Made up of 3 groups: The ______________________ (middle class) Describe: The _____________________ Describe: The ______________________ Describe: 5. What were the 6 causes of the revolution? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Why was France’s government in debt? 1. 2. 3. 6. How was the Estates-General set up? 7. What was the first act of revolution? 8. What was the “Storming of the Bastille”? What were they looking for? What did they do? 9. What were the reforms of the National Assembly? 10. Into what 3 groups did the legislative assembly split and how were they positioned? 11. Who were the Emigres, and what did they try to do? How did they try to accomplish this? 12. Who were the Sans-culottes? 13. What were the “September Massacres”? 14. What did the National Convention do? 15. Who are the Jacobins? Who was Jean-Paul Marat and what did he want? 16. How did King Louis XVI die? 17. Who was Maximilien Robespierre? What did he do? What is his period of rule known as? What 3 things happened at this time? 1. 2. 3. How and why did he die? 18. Napoleon Bonaparte was one of the world’s what? How did he come into power? What kinds of laws did he support? What did he accomplish before becoming emperor? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. What did the Napoleonic Code do? Who crowned Napoleon emperor? 19. What happened at the Battle of Trafalgar? 20. What was Napoleon’s first mistake and what problems did it cause? 21. What was Napoleon’s second mistake and what problems did it cause? 22. What was Napoleon’s third mistake and what problems did it cause? 23. How was Napoleon defeated the first time? 24. How was he defeated the second time? 25. What countries made up the Congress of Vienna? Who was the most influential person there? What were his 3 goals (describe)? 1. 2. 3. 26. What were the 2 successes of the Congress of Vienna? 1. 2. 27. After the Congress of Vienna, which countries had constitutional monarchies? Which countries had absolute monarchies? 28. What would eventually result in revolutions years after the Congress of Vienna?