Welcome to Years Leading to Civil War Economic Issues And Terms $100 $100 $200 U.S. Geography Science & Technology Reforms $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 Women in U.S. History The invention and its inventor that made cotton the profitable cash crop of the South Who was Eli Whitney and the invention of the cotton gin? The state which had a preview of the Civil War in 1854 when Congress attempted to allow their citizens to vote on the issue of slavery What was Kansas? The crisis caused when South Carolina declared they wouldn’t pay the 1832 Tariff, as well as threatening to secede if the federal government tried to enforce it What was the Nullification Crisis? The law requiring the North to return runaway slaves to their owners-as a result many fled to Canada to escape being sent back What was the Fugitive Slave Law? The argument used by the colonists in protest of the taxes imposed by the British after the French and Indian War What was “no taxation without representation?” A tax on imports designed to protect new industries which were primarily in the North-it hurt the South who had to import goods What was a protective tariff? The major cash crop of the South which led to the increase of slave labor and the desire for more fertile land to the West What was cotton? Prior to the Civil War, the area of the United States where most of the major cities were located due to industrialization Where was the Northeast section of the United States? The social change desired by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott What was women’s rights? The author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin which was a strong abolitionist novel published before the Civil War Who was Harriet Beecher Stowe? The ex-slave who led many slaves to freedom on the “Underground Railroad” Who was Harriet Tubman? The woman who worked to secure better treatment for the mentally ill and inmates in prison Who was Dorothea Dix? The river Lewis and Clark followed through the Oregon Territory to the Pacific Coast What was the Columbia River? Two major barriers that a settler would have to cross to get to California during the Gold Rush era What were the Rocky Mountains and the desert of the Southwest? The region of colonies characterized by small towns, fishing, shipbuilding and forestry What were the New England colonies? The territory acquired after the U.S. victory over Mexico that became the states of N.M., Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Utah, and California What was the Mexican Cession? The name of the first steamboat built in the U.S. by Robert Fulton-greatly increased the speed of water travel What was the Clermont? Besides the cotton gin, the other major contribution to industrialization by Eli Whitney What was interchangeable parts? Samuel Morse and Alexander G. Bell’s inventions that greatly improved communication What was the telegraph (Morse) and the telephone (Bell)? The war in which the first ironclad ships were used; this doomed the wooden fleet What was the Civil War? Merrimac-South Monitor-North The reform movement designed to prohibit the consumption of alcoholic beverages What was the Temperance Movement? The radical abolitionist who was involved in both “Bleeding Kansas” and the raid for guns at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia Who was John Brown? The Supreme Court case that established the court’s right of judicial review (reviewing a law’s constitutionality) What was Marbury v. Madison? The purpose of each of the post Civil War Amendments What was the 13th-Abolish slavery th 14 -Grant citizenship and equal protection of the law th 15 -Grant the right to vote to male citizens?