Social Studies Vocabulary Grade 3 budget a plan for saving and spending money a plan for your money A budget helps a family manage their money. century a period of time lasting 100 years 100 We are now in the 21st Century. 100 years a drawing on a map that shows the cardinal directions to help people use the map The four main directions on a compass rose are N, S, E, and W. compass rose a drawing that shows directions on a map decade a period of time lasting 10 years 10 10 years A decade is ten years of a century. donate to give money or goods to those who need help to give money to people who are needy My mother and father donate to United Way. ethnic group people who share the same culture entrepreneur A person who starts a business a group of people who share the same language and culture Each ethnic group in a community has a different culture. a person who organizes and runs a business The young entrepreneur started a computer business. executive branch the part of government that makes sure laws are carried out enforces the laws The president is the head of the executive branch of the U.S. government. Founding Fathers men who led the colonies to become a new nation free enterprise the right to create a business members to the Constitutional Convention, as well as other American leaders of the time George Washington is considered to be one of our Founding Fathers. the freedom to start a business and to make and sell for profit any product or service allowed by law Because of the free enterprise system, I can start a lemonade stand. heritage tradition a set of values and traditions handed down to a group from those who have lived before them Celebrating patriotic holidays is an important part of our American heritage. intermediate directions the directions between the cardinal directions, for example, northeast, southeast, northwest, and southwest. NE, SE, NW, SW Be sure to include the intermediate directions between the cardinal directions on your compass rose. inventor the first person to create something judicial branch decides if laws are fair legislative branch makes the laws one who creates or makes something for the first time Jonas Salk was the inventor of a vaccine for polio. the part of the government that hears and decides law cases and is made up of courts and judges The Supreme Court is the head of the judicial branch of the U.S. government. the part of government that makes laws The House of Representatives and the Senate make up the Congress, or legislative branch, of the government. map grid a set of lines the same distance apart that cross one another to form boxes a map of squares It is fun to locate things using the squares of the map grid. map scale part of map which helps to measure distance natural hazard an event in nature which causes great harm scarcity not enough of something tax money citizens pay for services a part of a map that compares a distance on the map to a distance in the real world It helps to use a ruler when you are using a map scale to find out how far one city is from another. an event in nature, such as a tornado, earthquake, hurricane, or flood, that can cause great harm Hurricane Ike hitting Texas was a natural hazard. a shortage, or lack of supply, of a product The sell out meant there was a scarcity of tickets for the concert. money that citizens pay to run the community government and provide services When you buy something you have to pay a sales tax.