Chapter 14 Section 2 Notes The Compromise of 1850 In September 1850, Congress finally passed _______________________________________. The series of laws became known as the __________________________________. o President _______________________ had ________________ the Compromise. o However, Taylor _________________________ o The new President, ________________________, supported the Compromise and __________________________________. The Compromise of 1850 was designed to end the crisis by giving both _________________ and ___________________ of slavery ____________________________________. To please the North, ________________________________________________________. In addition, the Compromise _________________________________ in the nation’s capital. o However, Congress declared that it had no power to ___________________________________________________________________. To please the South, ______________________________ would be used to decide to question of slavery in the ______________________________________. o People in the states created from that territory would __________________________________________________________ when they requested ______________________________________. Also, in return for agreeing to outlaw the slave trade in Washington D.C., southerners got a ___________________________________________. o The ________________________________________ allowed special government officials to ___________________________________________________________. o Suspects had no right to a _______________________________________________. o All that was required to deprive them of their freedom was for a ____________________ or any __________________________ to swear that the suspect was a ____________________________________. o In addition, the law required northern citizens to ________________________________ if the authorities _______________________________. The ________________________________ became the most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850. Many northerners swore that they would _____________________________________. Northerners were outraged to see people accused of being fugitive slaves being _________________________________. Thousands of northern African Americans fled to the safety of ________________, including many who __________________________________. In city after city, residents banded together to ______________________________________. o When two white Georgians arrived in _______________ to seize fugitives, Bostonians threatened the slave catchers with harm if they ________________________________. o Another group ___________________________________ and sent him to safety in Canada. When the mob leaders were arrested, local juries __________________________________. __________________________ had hoped that the Fugitive Slave Law would convince northerners to admit that _______________________________________________________. o Instead, every time the law was enforced, it convinced more northerners that _______________________________. Uncle Tom’s Cabin One northerner deeply affected by the Fugitive Slave Act was _________________________________. The daughter of an _______________________________, Stowe met many people who had _____________________________________. She decided to write “something that will make this whole nation _________________________________________________________”. In 1852 she published _________________________________, a novel about kindly ____________________, an enslaved man who is abused by the cruel ___________________. Stowe’s book was a ___________________________________. o It shocked thousands of people who previously had been ___________________________________. o As a result, readers began to view slavery as ___________________________________________. o It was a ______________, _________________________ facing every American. Many white southerners were ____________________________________. o They criticized it as _________________ which means _______________________________________________________________________. o They claimed the novel did not give a ___________________________________ of the lives of enslaved African Americans. The Kansas-Nebraska Act The nation moved ________________________ after Congress passed the ________________________________ in 1854. The act was pushed through by Senator __________________________. He wanted to see a ________________ built from ______________ through the _________________________ to the Pacific coast. o In 1853 he suggested forming _________________________ ___________________________ and ___________________________ o o o o o o Southerners ________________________ Both territories lay in an area ________________________________________. This meant that the states eventually created from these territories would __________________________________________. To win southern support, Douglas proposed that slavery in the new territories should be _____________________________________________. In doing so, the Kansas-Nebraska Act __________________________________. As Douglas hoped, southerners _____________________________________________. They were sure that slave owners from _______________ would ____________________________________________. In time, they hoped that Kansas would enter the Union ___________________. Northerners, however, were _______________________________________________. They believed Douglas had ______________________ by reopening the issue of _______________________________. After months of debate, ________________________ enabled the Kansas-Nebraska Act to pass in _______________________________. President ________________________, elected in 1852, then signed the bill into law. Bleeding Kansas The Kansas-Nebraska Act left it to the _______________________________ to decide whether Kansas would be a _____________________________. Both _____________________ and ______________________ settlers flooded into Kansas within weeks after Douglas’s bill became law. o Each side was determined to _____________________________ in the territory when it came __________________________. o Thousands of ________________________ entered Kansas in March 1855 to _____________________ in the election to select a ___________________________________. o Although Kansas had only __________ voters, nearly __________ votes were cast on election day. o Of 39 legislators elected, all but 3 ______________________. o The antislavery settlers ____________________________________ and held a _______________________. Kansas now had ______________________, each claiming the right to _________________________________________________. o Not surprisingly, ________________________________________. In April, a ____________________________ was shot when he tried to arrest some ____________________________ in the town of Lawrence. The next month, he returned with 800 men and _________________________. Three days later, _______________________, an antislavery settler from Connecticut, led seven men to a proslavery settlement near __________________________________. There they _____________________________________________. o These incidents set of widespread _______________________________. Bands of proslavery and antislavery fighters roamed the countryside, terrorizing those who ____________________________________. The violence was so bad, that it earned Kansas the nickname _________________________. Even before Brown’s raid at Pottawatomie Creek, the violence spilled over into the _______________________________. o ______________________of Massachusetts was the leading ________________________________. o In a fiery speech, Sumner denounce the _____________________________________. o He then attacked his _______________________, singling out ____________________, an elderly senator from South Carolina. Butler was __________________ when Sumner made his speech. A few days later, Butler’s nephew, Congressman ______________________, marched into the Senate chamber. Using a heavy cane, Brooks _____________________ until he fell to the floor, bloody and unconscious. Many southerners felt that Sumner ____________________________. Hundreds of people sent _____________________________ to show their support. To northerners, however, Brook’s violent act was just more evidence that slavery was ___________________________.