Water is Essential for Health

Water is Essential for Health
By Shereen Lehman, MS
Nutrition Expert
Updated May 23, 2014.
You need water to regulate body temperature and to provide the means for nutrients to travel to your organs and
tissues. Water also helps transport oxygen to your cells, removes waste and protects your joints and organs.
Dehydration occurs when you lose more water than you take in. You lose water through urination, respiration, and by
sweating, and you lose more water when you're active than when you're sedentary.
Diuretics, such as caffeine pills, certain medications and alcohol may increase the amount of water your body loses. Lost
fluids must be replaced by the fluids in the foods you eat and the beverages you drink.
Symptoms of mild dehydration include thirst, pains in joints and muscles, headaches and constipation. A strong odor to
your urine, along with a yellow or amber color, may also indicate dehydration.
Note: riboflavin, a B vitamin, will make your urine bright yellow when you take dietary supplements that contain large
amounts of riboflavin. Certain medications can change the color of urine, as well.
How Much Water Do I Need?
The foods you eat supply about 20 percent of the water you need. The rest comes from the beverages you drink. One
method of determining your need for water is by taking your weight in pounds and dividing that number in half. This
gives you approximately the number of ounces you should drink each day. For example, if you weigh 160 pounds, you
might want to drink at least 80 ounces of water or other fluids per day.
My hydration calculator can help you determine how much water you need to drink each day. It also takes your activity
levels, altitude and other factors into consideration.
Best Sources
Water is probably the best choice for hydration because it's cheap and has no calories or added ingredients. Sweetened
soft drinks and sodas have extra sugar but no additional nutritional value.
Sports drinks contain minerals that may help keep your electrolytes in balance, which is good for recovering after a hard
workout, but look out for added sugar and calories that you may not want.
Fruit and vegetable juices have vitamins and minerals, but read the labels because most vegetable juices are high in
Caffeinated beverages like tea and coffee count too, but too much caffeine can make you feel jittery.
Armstrong LE, Pumerantz AC, Roti MW, Judelson DA, Watson G, Dias JC, Sokmen B, Casa DJ, Maresh CM, Lieberman H, Kellogg M. "Fluid,
electrolyte, and renal indices of hydration during 11 days of controlled caffeine consumption." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2005 Jun;15(3):252-65.
Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. "Dietary Reference Intakes: Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate." Accessed March 15,
2007. .Spigt MG, Kuijper EC, Schayck CP, Troost J, Knipschild PG, Linssen VM, Knottnerus JA. "Increasing the daily water intake for the prophylactic
treatment of headache: a pilot trial." Eur J Neurol. 2005 Sep;12(9):715-8.
Please answer the following questions using full sentences.
1. Why do we need water?
2. What is dehydration?
3. What are some symptoms of dehydration?
4. What is the rule of thumb to determine how much water you need each day?
5. How would your activity level, and other factors, possibly alter the amount of water you may need?
6. Why does the article suggest that water is your best source for hydration?
7. If you take in other fluids, such as sports drinks or juice, what should you watch out for?
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