AP Notes – Chapter 6 The Duel for America Why was France late in the colonial race? Edict of Nantes Louis XIV Describe the early efforts of the French to colonize: Quebec 1608 – St. Lawrence River Samuel de Champlain How was New France governed? Why did the population of New France grow slowly? What factors led to extensive French claims in the New World? Fur trade (so what’s with the beaver hats?) Coureurs de bois (runners of the woods) Voyageurs – Catholic Missionaries – Empire seekers – Cadillac Robert de LaSalle How did the empires clash? King William’s War (1689-1697) Queen Anne’s War (1702-1713) Peace at Utrecht 1713 - France and Span beaten British received French Acadia (Nova Scotia) – Newfoundland and Hudson Bay and limited trading rights with Spanish America Period of “Salutary Neglect” on part of G.B. colonies War of Jenkin’s Ear – 1739 – in America between Britain and Spain – took place in the Caribbean and involved Georgia (Remember it’s a buffer) – merged with the larger War of Austrian Succession in Europe New Englanders invaded New France with the help of the British Fleet – captured Ft. Louisbourg (supposedly impregnable) on Cape Breton Island – commanded the approach to the St. Lawrence Peace treaty in 1748 – gave Louisbourg back to France – New Englanders were outraged How did George Washington initiate war with France? Ohio Valley 1749 – a group of Virginians secured rights to 500,000 acres in the Ohio Valley Ft. Duquesne 1754 – Governor sent Washington with 150 militiamen to survey and secure Virginia’s claims Ft. Necessity How did this skirmish become a much larger war? French and Indian War Seven Years War – Britain and Prussia v. France, Spain, Austria, and Russia How did this affect the war in America? How/ Why did the colonies unite to fight the French and Indian War? Why – How – Albany Congress 1754 – Benjamin Franklin “Join, or Die” How did General Braddock conduct the war? Other blunders? How did William Pitt save the war? Prime Minister – “Organizer of Victory” 1758 - Ft. Louisbourg James Wolfe – Quebec – Plains of Abraham (1759) Montreal 1760 Peace at Paris 1763 – French lost: What about Spain? What was Great Britain’s position on the world stage? What are the consequences of the French and Indian War? How did the colonies exhibit disunity during the war and why? How did colonial attitudes change as a result of the victory in the French and Indian War? How did the end of the war affect the Iroquois, and how did they respond? What was the Proclamation of 1763, and how did colonists respond?