The Principles of Design: Rules that govern how the art elements are organized. Balance How well the elements of design are arranged; equalizing visual forces and elements. (“visual weight”) Mirror images on both sides of the sculpture Different parts are balanced like a seesaw All sides rotate around a central point The size relationship of one part to another. A great difference between two things. Contrast of value: highlights and shadows different Colors Creating a focal point; making one part more dominant over the other parts. The appearance that all of the components of an artwork are working in harmony; the quality of wholeness or oneness. Adds visual interest to a work. Uses differences or contrast to keep the viewer curious or involved. Repetition Using an element such as texture, forms, colors, or other design elements again and again. Creating a feeling of action to guide a viewer’s eye throughout the piece. Related to both pattern and movement. The use of pattern, or repeated elements or recurring paths of movement to create a visual tempo or beat.