Level 1 Biochemistry Review Sheet

Level 1 Biochemistry Review Sheet
Organize your materials in the following order:
1. Notes packet containing the following:
 Matter and atoms (p.1)
 Types of bonds (p.2)
 Properties of water (p.3)
 Acids and bases (p.4)
 Organic molecules (p.5)
 Carbohydrates (back p. 5-6)
 Lipids (back p. 6 - 7)
 Proteins (back p. 7-8)
 Nucleic acids (back p. 8)
2. Section review homework assignments
3. Periodic table
4. Properties of water lab questions
5. Antacid lab report
6. Chart on organic molecules
7. Carbohydrate, lipid, and protein model directions
Test questions will be based on the following main ideas:
 If given information from the periodic table, be able to calculate the number of
protons, neutrons, and electrons. Then, be able to correctly draw that atom.
 Be able to explain why atoms would form bonds, and if given information from the
periodic table, be able to determine whether a particular atom would form a bond.
 Be able to explain the difference between an ionic and covalent bond. Be able to show
an example of each (and how each works), if given information about the periodic
table about a given set of elements.
 Vocabulary words: atom, element, compound, molecule, ion, isotope
 Be able to compare acids, bases, and neutral substances in terms of their relative
amounts of H+ and OH-, as well as their pH.
 Be able to explain why buffers are useful in a biological system, and how antacids can
act like buffers based on what you saw in your lab.
 Be able to explain the relationship between the properties of polarity, surface tension,
and cohesion, and how each property was demonstrated in the lab.
 Be able to explain why carbon is found is no many molecules.
 Identify the monomers that make up the following polymers: proteins,
polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids
 Be able to identify the importance of carbohydrates (simple and complex), lipids,
proteins, and nucleic acids.
 Be able to identify the processes through which polymers form and are broken down,
and identify whether water is given off or added to the reactions.
 Be able to identify a saturated, unsaturated, and polyunsaturated fat (if given pictures),
and be able to explain the difference between each in terms of their structure. Know
which one(s) are healthier for you.
Be able to explain how amino acids differ from one another.
Be able to explain what happens to a protein during denaturation, and how that affects
a protein’s shape and function.
Be able to identify the following if given pictures:
i. Monosachharide, disaccharide, polysaccharide
ii. Saturated, unsaturated, polyunsaturated fat
iii. Fatty acid and glycerol
iv. Lipid
v. Amino acid
1. Amino group, carboxyl (acidic group), R group
vi. Peptide bond
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