: a stanza of a poem or song; here a section of Dickens’ “carol”
: the Exchange, the place where merchants, brokers, and bankers conduct their business
executor, administrator, assign, residuary legatee
: legal terms used in a will. 3.
Marley had left everything he owned to Scrooge, who handled all the business arrangements after Marley’s death.
: slang for “made a gift or donation”
: a long scarf
: without speaking
: spent or whiled away
: dark and threatening
: a small shelf at the back or side of a fireplace, used to keep a kettle or a saucepan warm
: a necktie, or a scarf resembling a necktie
: the intestines, which used to be regarded as the source of pity and mercy.
When people said Marley had no bowels, they meant that he was cruel.
: In other words, heavenly spirits must work for countless years before the goodness that is possible in the world can come into being.
of my procuring
: that I got for you
organ of benevolence
: the part of the head where the forehead meets the crown
: dark brown beer
: a game in which the players must forfeit, or give up, something if they lose
: boiled beef
“Sir Roger de Coverley”
: a square-dance tune
: without a dowry, the money and property that a woman formerly brought to her husband at marriage
: something petrified, or turning to stone. The hearth, or fireplace, is cold and hard because it has never known a generous fire.
: boar meat
: fruitcakes made for Epiphany, or Twelfth Day, a holiday that occurs on January 6, twelve days after Christmas
: Since this story was written in 1843, the Ghost of Christmas
Present would have more than eighteen hundred brothers.
: slang for shilling, or shillings, a former British coin worth one twentieth of a pound
: remade twice so that worn parts would not show
: In the days when people of small means had fireplaces but no ovens, they would rent space in the local baker’s oven to roast poultry or large pieces of meat
: sinking or falling off
: rearing up like a horse; here, high-spirited
rallied Bob on his credulity
: teased Bob for being so easily fooled by their joke
: being everywhere at the same time
: an alternate form of eaten, used in Great Britain
: The pudding was wrapped in cloth and then boiled
: one fourth of a pint
: a covering for the neck and shoulders, something like a large collar
: songs for three or more voices, unaccompanied by instruments
: rules of living
: the waste parts of an animal that has been butchered for meat
: a woman employed to clean a house or an office
: ability to keep the peace
: a quotation from Mark 9:36
: a character in a Greek myth who was strangled by sea serpents
: feelings of great joy
: shop where poultry is sold
: a slang word used to express disbelief, equivalent to “You’re kidding!”
half a crown
: a coin equal to one eighth of a pound
: a former British coin worth one quarter of a penny
: great generosity. Scrooge prevents the gentleman from finishing the word.
: a straitjacket
: a hot drink made of spiced port wine
: the giving up of “spirits” completely, usually alcoholic spirits, but here ghostly spirits