AbstractID: 6725 Title: An <sup>192</sup>Ir CT Scanner for High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy For brachytherapy (BT) treatments computed tomography (CT) scans provide much more assurance than planar radiographs that the tumor volume is being adequately treated and nearby critical structures are being spared. We are developing a fourth generation CT scanner consisting of a ring of 96 8-channel photodiode scintillator (CdWO 4 ) detectors. The 192 Ir BT source from a commercial high-dose-rate treatment unit provides the photons required to form an image. The detectors used in the prototype scanner are linear over 2.6 orders of magnitude and are quantum noise limited for incident γ - ray intensities associated with 43 cm of attenuating Plexiglas. A single pair of lead collimators collimate both the source and the detector to give a scanner inner bore diameter of 50 cm and a radiation profile of width 2.7 cm in the axial direction. Image quality was assessed by computer modeling the scanner, assuming a 7.5 Ci 192 Ir source, 768 detectors of width 0.275 cm and 864 source positions (source length = 0.36 cm). This allowed us to examine the effect of varying detector spacing, source size and number of source positions. The width of the point spread function is 0.22 cm. The standard deviation in CT number at the centre of a 25 cm diameter Plexiglas phantom is 23 HU. The CTDI for a 100 second scan (2.4 cm slice spacing) is 0.9 cGy. The high contrast resolution and noise characteristics are adequate for visualizing metal objects and contrast filled organs. Preliminary images clearly show streak free visualization of BT needles and bone.