Attendance – 25% of your final grade Some of the readings in this course are difficult. To reflect the amount of work that you put in each day to get the readings done and stay up to date, one quarter of your final grade comes from your INFORMED participation in class discussions. This section of your grade should be your cushion: I assume everyone starts with an A … and subtract from there. Of course, this includes that you are present! I will take roll every day. This also includes not only being marked physically present in class but being mentally present (as opposed to sleeping, texting, working on computer, etc. for which you get no credit). So here’s how I calculate it: I assume you will almost always in class (1-2 absences AT MOST) and that you will speak in ways that demonstrate your engagement with the course materials and with your colleagues. For some of you, that means you must kick yourself in the butt to speak (never talking in a class this large earns you a C for participation). For others, that means you will have to learn to speak less so that others can speak and we have a more well-rounded discussion.