Persian Gulf Countries Global Studies Modern Middle East 2011 Persian Gulf Countries Persian Gulf Countries The oil-rich countries (excluding Iraq) that have a coastline on the Persian Gulf are referred to as the Persian Gulf States. Oil in the Persian Gulf The Persian Gulf and its coastal areas are the world's largest single source of crude oil! Safaniya Oil Field, the world's largest offshore oilfield, is located in the Persian Gulf. Young countries! Independence Dates. Kuwait 1961 Oman 1970 Bahrain 1971 United Arab Emirates 1971 Qatar 1971 Independence Dates Which are Constitutional Monarchies? The first Arab state to elect a parliament. - King, Prime Minister and a national assembly. have some form of an elected governmental body; minister etc. Kuwait’s National Assembly Building Which governments are Absolute Monarchies? King - Sultan Emir -Emirs- a federation of 7 monarchies. King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia Dubai, UAE Kuwait City Manama, Bahrain Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Persian Gulf Wars Iraq- Kuwait War 1990-91 8- Year War 1980-1988 Iran – Iraq War 1980-88 Causes of the war: Border disputes between countries the two countries. •1979 Iranian revolution -Saddam fears revolution will spread to Iraq (Shiite Revolution) Why U.S. supported Iraq (beginning of war) Iran was enemy of U.S. (after Ayatollah Khomeini overthrows Shah & American embassy taken over) “The enemy of your enemy is my friend” Iraq invades Kuwait Saudi Arabia and Kuwait called on U.S. support against Iraq George Bush Sr. is US president Within 100 hours, the Iraqi army were pushed out of Kuwait; UN and US troops don’t go into Iraq. War ends in a ceasefire in 1991. Rumor that US would come in and overthrow Saddam, Shiites and Kurds revolted because they thought the US would help them! Saddam responds harshly against attempts of revolt- revolts are unsuccessful.