2008 Arts Impact CORE YEAR I and II

2008 Arts Impact CORE YEAR I and II
Institute Visual Art Materials
www.enasco.comfartsandcrafts 1-800-558-9595
Please Mention TPS discount number: for 150/0 off: #70327
9716692 @ $5.60 per roll copper tape $6.05 p.410
9727072 25ft. roll of 36 gauge copper foil $54.00 p.410
9722175 tortillons sets @3.75 p.196
9700764 black conte 2b (B) @21.95 p.174
9700764 white conte 2b (J) @21.95
9701055 ebony pencils $.40, p. 191
cultural paper varietY pack 9726903 $46.95 p.116
1 Ib+ pkg 9720942 scrap assortment $14.95 p.113
pkg 9704878 40 fadeless craft paper $8.07 p.127
pkg mulberry 9721652 scrap @$4.95 p.105
lx pkg daubers 9725536 @$11.50 p. 70 (stencil sponges)
100 sheets Rives BFK 6200132 $2.99 p. 88
9723010 Watercolors in bottles @$3.85 p.25
1 each of A, C, & E
9702899 tacky glue 40z $1.95 p. 469
bottle 9714719 (C) Black Acrylic Paint @ $4.20 p. 26
9718606 wonder foam peel and stick (for stamps) 9x12 inches $10.25 p. 416
canson Mi-Teintes papers:
9719974 combi,nations of 10 for 16.65
(A) white
(B) sand
(C) hemp
(F) black
.l.Q1sg (E) bisque @ $16.65
9716287 white card stock @$10.50 p.119
9717663 black card stock @$10.50
5.5x8 inch Sketch books #9720395 @$3.89 p100
9700999 Watercolor paper, $49.45 p. 90
9727105 white drawing paper, $47.50 p. 90
ream of 18 x 24 inch newsprint #9700914 p.101
box of vinyl erasers 9711766 @$7.25 p. 203
7" scissors #9725210 @ $.71 p. 44
24702 Drawing pencils, 6B, bonded leads
24722 Drawing pencils, 4B, bonded leads.
24742 Drawing pencils, 2B, bonded leads.
24762 Drawing pencils, HB, bonded leads.
98003 Black China markers.
98006 White China markers.
22767 UHU Glue Sticks .75 oz. @ $.68
22311 Oil pastels, round, 2-3j8"x3j8", 25 asst. colors, 12 boxesjpkg.
Nylon Brushes (total approx.$55.00)
6X 83698
6X 83672
Dick Blick
www.dickblick.com (800)-828-4548
8x 60500-1010 liner tool @ $.85
8x 60500-1020 modeler tool @ $.85
8x 60500-1030 spatula tool @ $.85
20x 04902-1002 double ended stylis tool @ $1.24
Hardware and Grocery store
low tack blue tape: 6 rolls
texture and fabric materials
chamois (car washing type cut into small pieces)
2 _ x 2 _ in. wooden blocks for stamps
6 x 10 in. _ in. thick plywood for collages
paper platesjtrays for paint palettes
paper towels
baby wipes
Visual Arts Concepts
Elements of Art - Arts EALR 1.1.1
• Line quality/Expressive line - thick~ thin~ soft, crisp~ feathery~ bold~ dashed~ etc.
• Line direction - straight~ curved~ vertical~ horizontal~ diagonal~ spiraling~ hatching~
cross-hatching~ etc.
• Descriptive line - contour~ outline
• Open shape/fonn - shape/fonn whose perimeter is broken so that space penetrates it
• Closed shape/fonn - shape that completely encloses space~ solid fonn
• Organic (irregular shapes~ from nature) vs. geometric shapes (regular shapes with
math names~ made according to rules of geometry~ e.g. square~ circle~ triangle~ etc.)
• Shape (2-D) vs. fonn (3-D)
• Black~ grey~ white - value scales (~y number of even gradations between black and
• Tints (adding white) and shades (adding black) to colors
• Three properties of color - hue (name of color)~ value (lightness or darkness)~
intensity (brightness or dullness)
• Color wheel- primary~ secondary~ tertiary/intennediate colors
• Warm (yellow~ orange~ red) vs. cool (blue~ green~ violet) colors
• Complementary colors (colors directly opposite each other on the color wheel~ e.g.
Neutral colors (colors mixed with their complements)
• Actual texture - what surface feels like, e.g. rough~ smooth~ bumpy~ ridged
Implied texture - 2-D techniques (painting~ drawing~ printmaking) that suggest the
textures of our natural world: hair~ velvet~ fur~ granite~ bark, etc.
• Repetition of motifs (any shape that repeats)
• Regular vs. irregular - stripes (bands)~ zigzags (chevrons)~ scallop (fish scale),
notched (crenellated)~ checkerboard (counterchange)
• Mathematical patterns - fractals~ tessellations
Principles of Organization - Arts EALR 1.1.2
• Positive space
• Negative space
Compiled by Beverly Harding Buehler
Illusion of depth - overlapping, horizon line, perspective (I-point, 2-point, multiple
points), diminishing size, atmospheric perspective
• Open vs. closed composition
• Emphasis - focal point, dominance vs. subordination
Formal balance (mirror symmetry, radial symmetry)
• Informal balance (asymmetry)
Skills and Techniques - Arts EALR 1.2
Drawing - gesture, contour, life, still life, landscape, portraiture
Painting - ink, watercolor, acrylic, oil
Printmaking - stamping, monoprints, relief prints (scratch foam, lino cut, woodcut),
silkscreen (serigraph), intaglio (etching with acid)
Sculpture - bas-relief (metal tooling, wood cut), in-the-round (free-standing sculpture)
Ceramics - hand-building (pinch pots, coil, slab), wheel-throwing
Textiles - weaving, quilting, dyeing, paper-making
New Media - digital photography, computer graphics
Styles - Arts EALR 1.3
Naturalism - observational drawing, rendering in light and shadow, cast shadows,
naturalistic proportions
Abstraction - simplification, exaggeration, altering space
Non-representation - subject has no reference to nature
Cultural styles - e.g. Australian Aboriginal dot painting, Northwest Coast Native
fonnline design, Islamic tessellated patterns, Celtic eternal knot designs, etc.
Historical art movements - e.g. Impressionism, Cubism, Abstract Expressionism, etc.
Compiled by Beverly Harding Buehler
contour - A single line or lines that define the outside
edge and often the inner description of objects or
abstract, abstraction - A work of art emphasizing
design and simplified or systematic exploration of
forms. The subject matter may be recognized or may
be completely transformed into shape, color, or line.
contour drawing - A single line drawing that defines
the outer and inner forms (contours) of either figures or
additive sculpture - a sculptural construction
technique in multiple medias where materials are
added to the sculpture as opposed to taken away.
contrast - A difference in value, color, or texture that
achieves emphasis or dominance.
analysis - A part of the artistic process that considers
how art elements are organized and what decision
were made by the artist.
cool colors - The hues on one side of the color wheel
that contain blue and psychologically stimulate a cold,
familiar reference or sensation.
armature - A framework used to support material
being modeled in a sculpture.
craftsmanship - Skill and care in use of materials for a
resolved, unified work of art.
atmospheric perspective - The illusion of space
produced by lightening values, softening contours and
neutralizing colors in objects as they recede.
criticism - The formal process of describing and
analyzing a work of art leading to interpretation and
valuing the art.
attribute - A quality, characteristic, or distinctive
crosshatched line - Parallel, crossed lines drawn in
more than one direction gradually creating a denser
arid denser pattern; often used to create a darker value
in drawings or printmaking. '
axis - A straight, center line about which an image or
object is symmetrical.
depth - Perception of spatial distance between objects
in a two-dimensional work of art.
balance - A principle of organization that refers to the
visual equalization of elements in a work of art.
detail - A small or particular part of a work of art.
- The part of the image'that depicts what
Jes behind the subject or objects in the foreground.
diagonal- A slanted line obliquely running at an angle
to the vertical and horizontal planes.
brayers - A small hand roller used to spread ink or
paint thinly and evenly over a flat sUrface.
dominance - The principle of compositional
organization that suggests one element is more
important than others in the ~ame composition.
character - Qualities or attributes distinguishing one
person or group from another; a person portrayed in an
artistic piece (visual, dance, or theater).
draft/redraft - To create a preliminary drawing for a
proposed work of art and the artistic process of
collage - A technique in which the artist glues
materials such as paper, cloth or found materials to
some type of ground; actual textures may be found on
the picture plane surface.
elements of art - Six basic optical units used to
communicate or express creative ideas: color, line,
shape, space, texture and value.
color - The response of vision to the wavelength of
light reflected from a surface and identified as red,
green, blue, etc.
exaggeration - To, increase;or enlarge to an abnormal
degree; to distort through overstatement.
expression - To communicate strong personal and
emotional feelings to the viewer.
color wheel - A color theory tool designed to show
formal relationships between colors.
fa~de - the front elevation ,of a bUilding.
complementary colors - Any two colors that are
located opposite each other on a color wheel which
function in high contrast, or mixed to darken the value
.,fa color.
figure - A human shape or form.
foreground - The part of the image that appears to be
closest to the viewer.
composition - The art of organizing all of the elements
of a work of art into a harmoniously unified whole.
fractional space - Broken or separated into several
parts, or only representing a portion of a view.
monotype - A printmaking technique where the intent
is to make one primary or unique image, though
secondary images (ghosts) (nay be printed as well.
geometric shape - A shape that appears related to
'eometry, such as the square, triangle, circle, etc.
gesture drawing - A loose, scribble-like, continuous
line in loops or free movement that captures the pose
of an active figure.
movement - A principle of organization in reference to
the travel of one's eye through a work of art.
narrow palette - A limited range of colors selected for
a work of art.
gradation - Values or shades that move gradually
from one value to the next.
graphite -A soft steel-gray to black crystallized carbon
substance used in drawing pencils.
horizon - The division between earth and sky, as seen
by an observer.
horizontal line - A line that is laid down parallel to the
top and bottom edge of the paper or surface used to
make art.
negative space - The unoccupied or empty spaces left
after the positive shapes have been defined by the
artist; negative spaces can function as shapes in the
picture plane; sometimes called the background.
newsprint paper - A very inexpensive paper usually
used for preliminary drawings.
non-representational - Works of art that have no
forms reminiscent of actual objects or things.
image - An envisioned object or plan given concrete
appearance through the use of an art medium; the
general appearance of a work.
open composition - Forms in painting and drawing
that are made incomplete at: the edge of the
composition with an emphasis on and the illusion that
these objects proceed beyond the picture plane edge.
imprint - To make or impress upon a surface.
interpretation - A part of art criticism where the
viewer reaches an understanding about the meaning of
art, supported by objective criteria.
-<i1n (kill) - An oven capable of controlled high
temperatures in which clay objects are fired or baked.
organic shapes - Free forms or shapes that represent
living things with irregular edges.
painting - An image composed of applied colors; the
art of producing such works.'
palette - A group of colorsu'sed by an artist or school
of art; a flat surface on which a painter places the
supply of paint to be used.
*Kraft™ paper - A brC!nd of intensely-colored allpurpose, paper appropriate as a replacement for
construction paper - accepts Silk-screening, water·based paints, collage, and oil pastel; *FadelesS® paper
addS qualities of fade resistance and the ability to not
crack to Kraft™ paper.
landscape - A work of art that shows the features of
the natural environment.
pattern - The obvious emphasis on visual form
relationships and certain directional movements within
the picture plane. Pattern aiso refers to the repetition
of art elements or the combination of elements in a
readily recognizable systematic organization.
picture plane - The imaginary flat surface or plan~ in
which the artist references and organizes images.
point of view - The position from which something is
considered. .
line - The path of a moving point, a mark made by a
tool or instrument across a surface. It may be twodimensional, three-dimensional, or implied.
portrait - The image of a person's face.
*Lyra® pencils - A brand of colored pencils with extrasoft, long-lasting pigments.
positive space - Objects in 'a work of art as opposed
to the background or space ~round the objects.
mark making - The stylistic notations made by
individual artists when they draw.
primary colors - the hues from which all other
spectrum colors can be made: red, yellow, and blue
medium, media - The materials and tools used by the
artist to create the visual elements perceived by the
{iewer of the art.
print - a multiple impression made from a master plate
or block, produced and printed by the artist (or under
hislher supervision).
middle ground - A representation of space or point of
view mid-way between the extremes.offront and back.
proportion - The comparison of elements one to
another in terms of their properties of size, quantity,
'nd degree of emphasis.
still life - A group of inanimate objects arranged to be
painted or drawn.
ratio - The relationship in number or degree between
two things.
strokes - A mark made by marking instrument,
either a paintbrush or drawi~g tool.
relief print - Printmaking techniques in which the
image is printed from the raised areas of the
printmaking block, usually created by cutting away
areas of the block. Wood and linoleum as well as
collagraph prints are considered relief prints.
sUlfite paper - A heavy white drawing paper with
special sizing to accept a variety of drawing media.
symbol- A form, mage, icon, or sUbject that
represents an idea or meani.ng other than its outward
repetition - The use of the same visual element a
number of times in the same composition. Repetition
can accomplish a dominance of one visual idea, a
feeling of harmonious relationship, an obviously
planned pattern, or a rhythmic movement.
symmetry, symmetrical - A formally balanced
technique - The manner and skill with which artists
employ their tools and materials.
representational - Any artistic style in which objects
or figures are easily identified.
rhythm - A principle of organization that indicates a
type of movement in art or design, reinforced by
repeated shapes, lines, or colors.
tempera paint - An opaque water-based paint.
. template - A pattern used as a guide to transfer or
draw an image accurately.
score - To scratch both surfaces of clay that will be
adhered together.
textile - Fabric, fiber, or yam in a woven format.
texture - the element of art that refers to the quality of
a surface, both tactile and visual.
-.l- three-dimensional work of art.
lecondary colors - Orange, green and violet; hues
.Jroduced by the mixing of equal parts of two primary
three-dimensional - Having height, width, and depth.
two-dimensional - Having height and width.
setting - The context or environment in which
something occurs: time, place, scenery, images.
unity - A principle of organi~ation that relates to the
sense of oneness or wholeness in a work of art.
shape - An element of art representing enclosed
space, having only two dimensions.
value - An element of art that relates to the lightness
or darkness of a color or tone.
'verticallines - Lines that are upright and parallel to
the sides of the paper or drawing surface.
simplification - To make less complex; without
embellishment or unnecessary detail.
viewpoint - The position from which something is
slab - A formation of clay into a sheet of uniform
thickness, made prior to construction or manipulation.
warm colors - The hues on:one side of the color
wheel that contain red and psychologically
slip - Clay in a water state; usually similar to the
thickness of sour cream.
watercolor paint - A paint that uses water as a
space - An element of art that indicates areas in work
of art (positive and negative; also, the feeling of depth
in a work of art..
*The brand names used in the Hockinson School District Visual Art Glossary are not product 'endorsements, but
explanations of the qualities of art materials frequently used in the classroom.
The Hockinson School District endorses the use of art materials certified for use in the classroom and with children (AP and CP).
The Glossary for the Hockinson School District Visual Art Glossary was written in reference to the following sources. These
resources could be used in tandem to supplement the above list of art vocabulary terms:
Robert O. Bone, Otto G. Ocvirk, Robert E. Stinson, Phillip R. Wigg, Fundamentals: Theory and Practice. Dubuque, Iowa, Wm. C.
Brown Publishers, 1990.
Gerald F. Brommer, Discovering Art History. Worcester Massachusetts: Davis publications, 1997.
Gerald F. Brommer, Exploring Drawing. Worcester, Massachusetts: Davis Publications, Inc., 1988.
lack HObbs & Richard Salome. The Visual Experience. Worcester, Massachusetts: Davis Publications"Inc., 1995.
ake Washington School District Visual Art Curriculum; Ocean Beach School District Visual Art CUrricuium;
,'acoma School District Visual Art Curriculum
Webster's" New Riverside University Dictionary. Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company" 1995.