18.950 Differential Geometry MIT OpenCourseWare Fall 2008 rms of Use, visit:

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18.950 Differential Geometry
Fall 2008
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18.950 Homework 8
1. (10 points) Let M ⊂ Rn+1 be a compact hypersurface, and p ∈ Rn+1 \ M
a point. The winding number is defined to be the degree of the map
M −→ S n ,
y �→
y−p
.
�y − p�
Prove the following: if the winding number is nonzero, every smooth path
c : [0, ∞) → Rn+1 with c(0) = p, limt→∞ �c(t)� = ∞ must intersect M
somewhere.
2. (10 points) Determine the degree of the map
(y 2 − y 2 , 2y1 y2 , y3 )
φ : S 2 → S 2 , φ(y1 , y2 , y3 ) = �1 2 2 2
,
(y1 + y2 )2 + y32
(i) by computing the integral (computer-assistance is highly recommended),
and (ii) using more advanced results from the lecture.
1
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