View Developing-Inquiry Based Earth Systems Education NOAA

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Developing-Inquiry Based Earth Systems Education
Activities With the NOAA View Data Exploration Tool
NOAA
View
explore a world of data
www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view
Dan Pisut
NOAA Visualization Lab
[email protected]
Polling Question
WHO ARE YOU?
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1%
the
Scientist
• Metadata
• Provenance
• Parsing
• Formats
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the
99%
Us
• Images
• Simple access
• No lingo
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Data for Different People with Different Needs
Teacher
• Data
• Inquiry-based tools
Producer
• Raw imagery
• Customizable
Museums/Science on a Sphere
• Enhanced imagery
• Easily understood
Television/Meteorologist
• Google Earth
• Timely
At Home
• Interactive
• Answers questions
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Educational
Best Practices
Color theory and perception: no ROYGBIVs, mostly linear gradients (colorbrewer2.org)
Browser and platform agnostic: works on desktop, tablet, or phone
Simple taxonomy and browsing structure
Pre-rendered and tiled to improve server-client performance
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the
Assumptions
You don’t know the difference between OI SST, Pathfinder SST, GHRSST or ERSST
You don’t know that a dataset only has a certain lifespan
You don’t want to wait for data to process into imagery
You will come up with more interesting uses for our data than us
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Data
Real-Time
Outputs
Storage
Access
Weekly
Monthly
Annual
B/W Images
Color Images
Google Earth
Excel Format
Resolutions
Web
FTP
WMS
Browse
Download
Incorporate
Over 170 scripts running in unison managing data flow
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the
Ocean
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Sea surface temperature
Heat content
Temperature at depths (0-5,000m)
Salinity at depths (0-5,000m)
Nitrate at depths (0-5,000m)
Silicate at depths (0-5,000m)
Phosphate at depths (0-5,000m)
Dissolved Oxygen at depths (0-5,000m)
Coral bleaching
Coral reef locations
Chlorophyll concentration
Sea surface height
Bathymetry
Atmosphere
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Ozone concentration
Aerosol optical depth
Rain accumulation
Moisture
Outgoing longwave energy
Ocean surface winds
Infrared clouds
True color
Data
Land
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Surface temperature
Vegetation NDVI
Active fire locations
Soil moisture
Drought
Nighttime lights
Change in nighttime lights
Cryosphere
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Snow and ice cover
Sea ice concentrations
Median sea ice cover
Climate
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Sea surface temperature anomaly
Precipitation anomaly
Surface temperature anomaly
Temperature of the lower
stratosphere
Temperature of the middle
troposphere
Temperature of the upper
troposphere
Ocean pH model
Ocean aragonite saturation state
model
Sea ice concentration predictions
(RCP 2.6-8.5)
Surface temperature predictions
(RCP 2.6-8.5)
Precipitation predictions
(RCP 2.6-8.5)
Ocean temperature predictions
(RCP 2.6-8.5)
Over 32,000 images and growing each day
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Linking to
NGSS
Analyze and interpret data from maps to describe patterns of Earth’s features
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Represent data in tables and graphical displays to describe typical weather conditions expected during a
particular season.
In many systems there also are cycles of various types
Use and share observations of local weather
conditions to describe patterns over time
Patterns exist everywhere
Stability, change, and cycles
Some kinds of severe weather are more likely than others in a given region. Weather scientists forecast
severe weather so that the communities can prepare for and respond to these events.
Models can be valuable in predicting a system’s behaviors
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Inquiry-Based Activity #1
GLOBAL TO LOCAL: EL NINO IMPACTS
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Understanding ENSO cycles
http://www.amnh.org/explore/science-bulletins/%28watch%29/earth/visualizations/el-nino-to-la-nina
http://www.climate.gov/news-features/understanding-climate/climate-variability-oceanic-ni%C3%B1o-index
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/ensostuff/ensoyears.shtml
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Ocean temperature
Rainfall
Air temperature
Chlorophyll
Drought
Bleaching
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Inquiry-Based Activity #2
EARTH SYSTEM CONNECTIONS
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Why is Dissolved Oxygen in the Atlantic so much higher than the Pacific?
1,000 m depth
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1.Develop hypothesis
2.Test hypothesis
3.Test alternative theories
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Temperature
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Phosphate
Nitrate
Silicate
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NOAA View
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Next Steps
Finalize beta
New global datasets – VIIRS, GFDL models, potentially GFS
Javascript “3D” libraries (looking at Cesium)
MultiView – multiple datasets viewed at once
Additional imagery and formats
CONUS View
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Questions?
www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view
Dan Pisut
Program Manager, NOAA Visualization Lab
[email protected]
Supplement #1
NGSS GUIDES TO RELATED TOPICS
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3rd Grade Weather and Climate
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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K Weather and Climate
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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5th Grade Earth Systems
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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MS Earth Systems
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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MS Weather and Climate
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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HS Weather and Climate
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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HS Earth Systems
NGSS link
Or right-click >> Adobe document object >> Open
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Supplement #2
SLIDES FROM NSTA STEM 2014
WORKSHOP – “SEEING EARTH DATA”
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SEEING EARTH DATA
Laura Allen, Senior Editorial Producer, American Museum of Natural History |
[email protected]
Dan Pisut, NOAA Environmental Visualization Lab manager | [email protected]
AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, NEW YORK NY
sciencebulletins.amnh.org
www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view
NGSS CROSSCUTTING CONCEPTS
Stability + change
Patterns
Cause + effect
Systems + system models
Energy + matter
Scale, proportion, quantity
ARCTIC GREENING
• Seasonal patterns
• Carbon cycle
• Albedo
• Feedback systems
• Climate change
• Future projections using climate models
www.amnh.org/explore/science-bulletins/(watch)/bio/visualizations/greening-of-the-arctic
ARCTIC GREENING ACTIVITIES
Introductory Activity
•Use NOAA View vegetation data at www.nnvl.noaa.gov/#NDVI
•Look at global patterns of greening over annual cycles
•Pick a locale and use the data values tool to graph the changes
over time
•How does greenness change over different latitudes or
biomes or hemisphere?
•Compare different graphs.
Extended Activity
•Choose another dataset in NOAA View (Land Surface
Temperature, Soil Moisture, etc.)
•Plot the patterns for the same location
•How do the plots compare?
•Hypothesize what could cause these similarities, if any.
CORALS & CLIMATE
• Ocean heat engine
• Seasonal patterns
• Climate change impacts
• Adaptation & resilience
• Future projections using climate models
www.amnh.org/explore/science-bulletins/(watch)/bio/visualizations/warm-forecast-for-coral-reefs
CORALS & CLIMATE ACTIVITIES
Introductory Activity
•Use NOAA Coral Reef Watch Google Earth tool to select a reef
•View time series data for reef; explore seasonal patterns and
coral’s adaptive range. Pool class data to compare reefs/ocean
regions.
•Explore when reef crossed bleaching threshold (2010) in graphs
•Compare to spatial datasets (DHW) from NOAAView
•Identify future bleaching projection for reef in AMNH Google Earth
datasets; compare scenarios
Extended Activity
•Ask a research question about coral reefs and analyze data to answer it.
•Example: When might my reef bleach? In Google Earth or NOAAView,
add data values for SST anomalies over bleaching threshold to predict
bleaching. Compare with observed DHW values.
coralreefwatch.noaa.gov
EL NIÑO – LA NIÑA ENSO
• Ocean heat engine
• Atmospheric circulation patterns
• Weather vs climate
• Linkages between land, ocean, and atmosphere
www.amnh.org/explore/science-bulletins/(watch)/earth/visualizations/el-nino-to-la-nina
EL NIÑO – LA NIÑA ACTIVITIES
Introductory Activity
• In NOAA View, look at patters of ENSO using the data at
www.nnvl.noaa.gov/#SSTA (select monthly)
•Step 1: Visually assess how long an average ENSO cycle takes
•Step 2: Use the real-time data in NOAA View to track the
progression of ENSO
Extended Activity
•Pick an ENSO cycle over time (1997-2000; 2007-2008; 20092010)
•Can you track linkages between changes in the ENSO cycle
and other datasets in NOAA View?
•Precipitation: www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view/#GPCP
•Chlorophyll concentration: www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view/#ALGE
•Global surface temperature:
www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view/#GHCN
•Coral Bleaching: www.nnvl.noaa.gov/view/#CDHW
•Hypothesize and research why these linkages may occur.
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