DOCUMENT #: GSC15-PLEN-49 FOR: Presentation SOURCE: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. AGENDA ITEM: 6.10 CONTACT(S): Mr.Xuemin Wang Trends and Challenges for Broadband Network Convergence (FMC) Mr. Wang Xuemin Director of Industry Standards Huawei Technology Co., LTD Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) GSC-15 Contents Changes in telecom industry Drivers and opportunities Vision become a Real technology？ Challenges to operators & vendors Telecom industry changes: Fixed Operators Threat • No upside in fixed business • Low barrier to entry for BB services Strategies • Support mobile (UMA) • Invest in fixed broadband • New services like IPTV Mobile Operators Threat • Market maturity • Price-based competition • Data consumption Strategies • Fixed-Mobile Substitution • Bandwidth pricing • Mobile Bitpipes • Content via mobile portals Multi service Threat • Combined fixed and mobile threats Strategies • Fixed-Mobile Convergence • Content ownership • Unicast and broadcast • Home Gateways Page 3 Rapid growth of mobile broadband Succesful Business model Enhanced terminal User experience Video Community Community Photo 智能手机设备预测 2007~2013 ABI Research Smart-phone with buildtin web browser Laptop with built-in HSDPA Community Web2.0,P2P,UGC technology caused increases of internet traffic PON1~10Gbps VDSL2 >200Mbps 10Mbps technology enhanced user experience improving mobile’s interactivity FBB MBB 100Mbps ADSL2+ 24Mbps ADSL2 12Mbps Widget LTE >100Mbps HSPA+ 28.8Mbps HSDPA 14.4Mbps ADSL 1.2 Mbps 1Mbps today ADSL 256Kbps R99 384Kbps GPRS 53.6Kbps 1995 2000 2002 2005 2007 2009 2011 2015 Traffic growth is not linear with revenue Page 4 FMC impacts Fixed & Mobile Convergence includes: • Network convergence： Multi-mode terminal access to converged network Reduce CAPEX • Service convergence： Seamless user experience over heterogeneous networks Enhance ARPU • Operational convergence： Common OAM, consolidation of operational departments Reduce OPEX TCO reduction will be the main objection for FMC. Driving forces for FMC Synergy between access • Broad variety of access technologies • No single “perfect” broadband access technology for all conditions • Wireless mobility support • Wired support for high bandwidth Improved user experience • Broadband services anywhere, anytime • Technology usability, more “user accessible” • Access transparent to the user Main Driving Forces Synergy between services • Same service anywhere, anytime, on any access • Best service on optimal access, according to network availability, user subscriptions Maximize return on network investment • Different services/quality for different users • Increase utilization of data services • Flexible bandwidth management ALL-IP network, Mobile Internet are the key foundation for FMC. Highlights on FMC Standards : CCSA FMC requirements are beginning more and more stronger and clearer after the recombination of Chinese operators in 2008. 3 operators are eager to have the clear specifications to provide full services to customers to enhance users experience and ARPU. China communication standard associations (CCSA) is very active in FMC related standard work and has done a lot of work since 2006. Some collaboration between CCSA and 3GPP was initiated. FMC requirements in CCSA: Unified account & bill Unified authentication Unified access to PS service CCSA active and has done a lot of work in FMC area. Highlights on FMC Standards : CCSA Unified IMS is the CORE service control layer for FMC, so CCSA put much resource on this work. A joint technical committees was built in 2007 and many specifications has been completed in 2009, since the different technical committee focuses on fixed and mobile areas respectively (TC3:network and switching & TC5: wireless network). General technical requirements The requirements of unified IMS, The functionality & architectures of unified IMS The networking of unified IMS, The security of unified IMS Equipment specifications The equipment standards for each unified IMS including HSS, I-CSCF, SCSCF, MP-CSCF, FP-CSCF, SBC, MGCF, MGW... Interfaces & protocol specifications The Cx, Dx, Sh…interfaces and the SIP protocol, BICC interworking with SIP. FMC service requirements, common policy control, unified voice… are also being studied in CCSA. Highlights on FMC Standards : 3GPP As a partner of 3GPP,CCSA has submitted lots of contributions. Rel4/5 Initial standard specification works for mobile network. Including UE, RAN and CN. 2000-2003 Rel6 Start to study interworking between 3G and WLAN I-WLAN/WLAN mobility IMS was studied 2003～2005 Rel7/8 Many RATs access to IMS Including xDSL 、PON、Cable Common IMS is being considered. 2005～2007 Rel9/10 SAE 23.402 covers many access based on bear layer BBF access interworking will be an important WID in Rel10-11. 2007~2010 3GPP has developed a good technical foundation for FMC. Vision become a Real technology convergence？ Current SODs status NGMN：consider the collaboration between SDOs. TMF：focus on OAM work for fixed network and 3GPP SA5 focus on mobile area. BBF：consolidate the fixed standard resource. Femto Forum：enhance Femto feature to have more reliabity within fixed network. HGI，ITU-T，IEEE… Key technology UMA/GAN/IWLAN Common IMS SC/ICS/VCC Femtocell/offload EPC/IFOM/MAPCON IPTV FMCA NNI 2010Q1, a FMC workshop was held by 3GPP and BBF and almost all the Tier1 operators and vendors joined in this workshop and some agreements were endorsed. 2009Q4, 3GPP SA5 and TMF pushed 2 OAM work items and a joint meeting was held in 2010.5. The Vision for network convergence is getting clear？ Or the overall convergence direction is getting clear? Standards objectives Mobility Management QoS & Control plane Architecture AAA QoS Service control Charging OAM Mobility protocols IP flow mobility Session transfer Interworking， convergence 3G，HSPA，Femto，LTE, xDSL，WLAN… Hetnet Requirement 3GPP/BBF/TMF use cases，scenarios Collaboration established between Network Operators, MSOs, and Infrastructure vendors! Challenges to Operators & Vendors Organizational Impacts Maintenance models Regulatory policy Charging, AAA… Architectural Changes Legacy networks Many challenges: FMC has a long way to go! FMC is not just one convergence Unified CDN Unified Internet Peering Unified service Unified Data FMC Unified Charging Unified Policy Control Unified Backbone Unified Metro Unified O&M Careful planning for standards and products needed.