# Teacher: School: Observation vs. Inference (Ch. 1-2)

```Teacher: Harrington
School: North Rowan Middle School
Subject:
Duration:
Science
50 minutes
Observation vs. Inference (Ch. 1-2)
Students will engage in:
□ calculators
□ I-Pod Touch ■ lecture/note taking
■ collaborative groups
□ hands-on
□ manipultatives ■ whole group instruction
■ graphic organizers
□ technology integration
□ project based □ lab
□ other:
Mindful of Marzano: Evaluating, Integrating, Generating, Analyzing, Applying, Organizing,
Knowing
Teacher Standards: Demonstrating Leadership, Establish respectful environment for a diverse
population of students, Know the content, Facilitate learning, Reflect on your practice.
NCSCOS:
1.01 Identify and create questions and hypotheses that can be answered through scientific
investigations.
1.08 Use oral and written language to:
• Communicate findings.
• Defend conclusions of scientific investigations.
Core/Essential Standards:
NA – there are no cross over standards for NCSCOS 1.0.
Class Objective:
• Describe the difference between observations and inference
Essential Question:
What is the difference between an observation and inference?
Material/Text
Time
Procedure Followed:
References
Class Starter
POD
Write the steps for the scientific method
Focus / Review
Review: Recap what steps are used in scientific method.
Focus: Mini-lab, page 14 in textbook
Teacher Input
•
Create a table on the board using the observations made in the minilab (focus); then have volunteers read pertinent portions of the
textbook (chapter 1 section 2) to formulate definitions of observation
and inference.
o Discuss which items on the board are observations and which
are inferences
o Complete a vocabulary table/graphic organizer
Discuss how observations and inferences fit into the scientific method
•
Note: All lessons should consider the components of effective teaching.
Guided Practice
Group activity: Emotion Observations
• Hand each group a set of emotion cards. 1 student will act out
the emotion without using words; the other students in the group
will have to write down what they observe. The group will use
the observations to hypothesize what the emotion is.
Independent Practice
Students will get independent practice as homework
Closure
• Revisit the vocabulary