4 types of enthalpy

4 types of enthalpy
heat of reaction :the change in enthalpy when the amounts of reactants in moles react
completely such as the heat evolved at constant pressure when 3 moles of haematite are
reduced by 1 mole of carbon monoxide to form two moles of magnetite and 1 mole of
carbon dioxide as might occur in the iron blast furnace
heat of formation a compound :the change in enthalpy when 1 mole of the compound form
its constituent elements in their stable forma at 25 c and 1atm pressure. For example the
heat of formation of lead sulphide.
Heat of combustion of a substance :the enthalpy change when 1 mole ofva substance (an
element or a compound)is completely burnt in oxygen
Calorific value:the heat of combustion of a fuel and has industrial importance as a property
by which the fuel may be evaluated.
Heat of transformation : the change in enthalpy when 1 mole of substance undergoes a
specific physical change such as melting,evaporation,allotropic modification. This general
term can be given the symbol Lt. latent heat of of fusion is the heat required to transform
the crystalline structure of the solid metal into the less ordered structure of the liquid.
When titaniuim transforms in the solid state from (closed packed hexagonal to body
centered cubic at 880 the heat of transformation Lt is 3.4 kJ.