# (b) The water in the stagnation tube will rise above... the stagnation pressure head of the jet:

```Chapter 3 x Integral Relations for a Control Volume
283
(b) The water in the stagnation tube will rise above the jet surface by an amount equal to
the stagnation pressure head of the jet:
H
R jet V 2jet
(4.19)2
0.02 m 2(9.81)
2g
0.02 0.89
0.91 m
Ans. (b)
3.165 A venturi meter, shown in Fig.
P3.165, is a carefully designed constriction
whose pressure difference is a measure of
the flow rate in a pipe. Using Bernoulli’s
with no losses, show that the flow rate Q is
related to the manometer reading h by
Q
2 gh( U M U )
A2
1 ( D2 /D1 )
Fig. P3.165
U
4
where UM is the density of the manometer
fluid.
Solution: First establish that the manometer reads the pressure difference between 1
and 2:
p1 p2
( U M U )gh
(1)
Then write incompressible Bernoulli’s equation and continuity between (1) and (2):
('z
0):
p1
U
V12
2
|
p2
U
V 22
2
and V2
V1 (D1 /D2 )2 , Q
Eliminate V2 and (p1 p2 ) from (1) above: Q
A1V1
A 2 2gh( UM U )/U
1 (D 2 /D1 )4
A 2 V2
Ans.
3.166 A wind tunnel draws in sea-level standard air from the room and accelerates it
into a 1-m by 1-m test section. A pressure transducer in the test section wall measures 'p
45 mm water between inside and outside. Estimate (a) the test section velocity in mi/hr;
and (b) the absolute pressure at the nose of the model.
```