SQU Project Bags Green Research Award
News Round Up
The Saudi Arabian Job Market for Female Graduates
Mind Over Matter
SQU and Daewoo Sign Agreement on Training Students
News Update
Health Care System
Needs Change
Department of Public
Issue 246
View Point
Summer Thoughts
The weather is just too hot. Many of us dread stepping out because we feel
like being thrown into an electric grill every time. It’s like the sun is literally burning through our skin. Global warming, we know. Keeping the air
conditioners on round the clock is the most common method that we adopt
to keep us comfortable. However, this is not a sustainable way especially
when if you are concerned about saving the planet by reducing the carbon
Mohamed Salem Al Ghailani
Editorial Supervision
Humaid Abdullah Al Adwani
Editor in Chief
M.K. Santhosh
Senior Editor
Ahlam Al Wahaibi
Design & Layout
Rashad Al Wahaibi
& Photography Dept., CET
Are there any smart and sustainable ways to beat the powerful sun in summer. Take the case of Japan. After the Fukushima Nuclear disaster, and resulting energy crisis in that country, the government asked workers to not
wear neckties and other formal clothing to work. The obvious lesson here
is that wearing weather-appropriate clothing makes it a lot easier to keep
comfortable inside while dialling back the air conditioners.
Even in the Gulf countries where mercury levels sore up to 50 degree Celsius in summer, we see lots of people relishing the sweltering heat. The
people who have to work outdoors have no option but dare the scorching
Sun from morning till dawn. The mandatory summer noon break is a sort
of consolation for them. Those who find pleasure in the sweltering heat are
the guys who love baking on a beach all day. But for the people who don’t,
summer heat can become truly oppressive. You may start spending every
weekend hiding out in your air-conditioned bedroom, watching television
until your eyes ache. You may begin to skip your usual before-dinner walks
because of the humidity. You may rely on unhealthy takeout because it’s
just too stifling to cook. But beware, any of these things can contribute to
summer depression.
Why do seasonal changes cause depression? Experts aren’t sure, but the
longer days, and increasing heat and humidity may play a role. Specific
symptoms of summer depression often include loss of appetite, trouble
sleeping, weight loss, and anxiety. The ideal way to follow is to enjoy the
positive traits of summer and translate the negatives into positives.
Horizon invites contributions from SQU members of staff and faculty. Contributions in the form of articles,
news, travelogues, stories of unique and interesting experiences, encounters, etc., are welcome. Contributions
may be edited for the sake of clarity and length. Please send your contributions to [email protected] preferably, as MSWord attachments. Authors will be suitably credited.
The views and opinions expressed in the articles published in this newsletter are those of the authors and are not to
be construed as the official views of the publication. Horizon is published three times a month by the Department of
Public Relations and Information, Sultan Qaboos University, P.O. Box 50, P.C. 123, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman.
Phone: +968 24141045
E-mail: [email protected]
30 July 2012 P2
Fax: +968 24413 391
Website: www.squ.edu.om
SQU and Daewoo Sign
Agreement on Training
Four students from the different departments of the College of Economics
& Political Science at Sultan Qaboos University will undergo summer training this year at Daewoo Engineering & Construction Company Limited in
Seoul, South Korea. The students belong to the Departments of Marketing,
Management, Finance and Operations Management at the college.
An agreement in this regard was signed recently between the officials of
SQU and Daewoo. Dr. Said bin Ali Al Yahyaee, Deputy Vice Chancellor for
Academic Affairs & Community Service represent SQU in the signing ceremony. Nam Chul Kim, Senior Vice President, signed the agreement on behalf
of Daewoo Engineering and Construction Company. HE Choe Jong-Hyun,
the Ambassador and Ms. Yanhye CHO the Cultural Attaché of South Korea
to the Sultanate, Dr. Fahim Al Marhubi, Dean of the College of Economics &
Political Science, SQU were present on the occasion.
The training will last for five weeks in South Korean capital and the students
will be based in Daewoo’s headquarters in Soul. Upon their return from
South Korea will join Daewoo’s office in Muscat to complete their work and
to prepare the final report of the project. The Embassy of Korea in Muscat
played a key role in facilitating this training opportunity and to cement the
ties between SQU and the Korean firm.
Nam Chul Kim said that Daewoo E&C is looking for strengthening ties with
SQU in terms of giving training opportunities to engineering students as
well. The firm has operations in Duqm, Sur and other locations in Oman.
News Update
Note-takers Distributed to
Visually Impaired Students
Oman India Fertilizer Company (OMIFCO) donated RO 23000 to
purchase electronic note-taker for the visually impaired students
at Sultan Qaboos University. A special function was held at the
College of Arts & Social Sciences in which 11 visually impaired
students received the special equipment donated by OMIFCO. Dr.
Abdullah Al Kindi, Dean of the College of Arts & Social Sciences
and Hamed Al Hashmi, Procurement & Contract Manager, OMIFCO, attended the function.
The visually impaired students received notetakers for the blind
with a Braille keyboard and Braille display. This equipment has the
capabilities of a word processor, web browser, schedule manager,
and media player, for use at work, home or school.
Dr. Abdullah Kindi, said in a speech that the partnership between
the College and OMIFCO is to support students with vision disabilities. He pointed out that the initiative came in response to the
efforts made by students with vision impairment, academics and
the “Ibdah Al Baseerah” Group in following-up the implementation of this initiative. There are 77 students with different disabilities study at SQU, 11 of whom are visually impaired.
Sering International Discusses Tie up with SQU
External Cooperation Department. They were received
by Dr. Ali Al Harthy, Dean, College of Engineering at
They discussed the possibilities of mutually benefitting
partnership between the two institutions. Sering is an
Italian engineering consultancy firm, locally registered
since 2009 and operating in Muscat and in Oman in general. Sering has plan to recruit Omani Engineering graduates as trainee engineers in their operations in Oman.
A delegation from Sering International LLC visited SQU recently to explore ties up with the university. The team consisted of
Eng. Sergio Di Maio, Chairman & CEO, Eng. Chiara Cei, Project
Manager & Resident Coordinator, and Prof. Andrea Alaimo,
The officials said that “as the business is expanding
and other projects may arise soon, we are seeking for
Omani Engineers. We believe that the transfer of knowhow from senior experts to young engineers, through
an active programme of on job training”, participation to courses and to engineering activities in our office abroad will be a great opportunity of professional
growth for the young graduated and cultural growth
for us”.
30 July 2012 P3
Health Care
Recent improvements in health and an increased standard of living in Oman
have led to a reduction in environment-related and infectious diseases. Now
the country is experiencing an epidemiological transition characterised by
a baby boom, youth bulge and increasing longevity. This means that Omanis will suffer less ill health. However, a survey of literature, suggests that
chronic non-communicable diseases are unexpectedly becoming common.
This is possibly fuelled by some socio-cultural patterns specific to Oman, as
well as the shortcomings of the ‘miracle’ of health and rapid modernisation.
Unfortunately, such new diseases do not spare younger people; a proportion of them will need the type of care usually reserved for the elderly. In
addition, due to their pervasive and refractory nature, these chronic noncommunicable diseases seem impervious to the prevailing ‘cure-oriented’
health care system. In a research paper published in the latest issue of SQU
Medical Journal, Dr. Hamed Al-Sinawi, Consultant and Old Age Psychiatrist in the Department of Behavioural Medicine at SQU Hospital, and colleagues, say that this situation calls for a paradigm shift: a health care system that goes beyond a traditional cure-orientation to provide care services
for the chronically sick of all ages.
Although the elderly constitute the minority of Oman’s population, the
country is likely to be beset with a silent epidemic of medically compromised individuals (MCI). This stems from the emerging trend of Omani
youngsters suffering from a compromised wellbeing that was previously
associated with the middle-aged or elderly. Such a trend would likely pose
a challenge as the country moves away from the threat of environmentrelated and infectious diseases to the ‘potential minefield’ of impairment,
disability, and handicaps arising from other conditions.
Life expectancy in Oman has increased dramatically in a little more than
four decades from 50 years in 1970 to 74.22 years in 2011. Socio-demographic patterns in Oman are deemed to be in an ‘epidemiological transition’
phase marked by the ‘shift from the acute infectious and deficiency diseases
characteristic of underdevelopment to the chronic non-communicable diseases characteristic of modernization and advanced levels of development’.
Recent affluence, as well as cultural patterns, have triggered a ‘baby-boom’
and the population structure is characterised by a youth bulge, where ‘tomorrow’s people’ constitute the bulk of the population. In contrast to this
youth bulge, available estimates suggest that the elderly, defined as over 60+
years, constitute barely 4.8% of the population. Although Oman’s populations is indeed predominantly young, the country has many MCI, some of
whom are not elderly. There is an unusual trend whereby youth people are
seeking types of health care often perceived as only relevant for the elderly.
The country now faces the challenges of a rising tide of non-communicable
diseases, sometimes labelled ‘diseases of affluence’. These ‘elderly-onset’,
intransigent, and debilitating diseases seem to be affecting Oman’s youngsters. Many of these emerging diseases of affluence are triggered by lifestyle
changes and combating them will require concerted efforts in the domain of
rehabilitation and remedial services rather than simply curative medicine.
Another contributor to impairment, disability and handicap in Oman is
what is referred to as ‘flying coffins’, the mishap that happens to motor
vehicle and their occupants on the road. Although an ‘accident is an accident’, road traffic injuries are a major public health problem in Oman disproportionately affecting the section of the population under 40 years of
age. The type of health care provision needed, if the claim of a tsunami of
30 July 2012 P4
road traffic accidents is substantiated, would parallel that often provided
for the elderly.
Oman is not immune to congenital and inheritable genetic diseases as well
those that are thought to be triggered by new mutations. As consanguinity is intimately embedded in Omani culture, this is likely to exacerbate
the development of diseases that owe their origin to inherited genetic traits
and health impairing mutations. This will lead to more youngsters with a
dented quality of life and level of dependency that will echo those of the
elderly. On such grounds, social engineering, framed in the parlance of rehabilitation and remedial intervention, would be essential.
Mental illness is one of the contributory factors to the magnitude of the
problem of the growing number of MCI. Despite this, cognitive, emotional and behavioural disorders (CEBD) have largely been relegated to a
less prominent position in the algorithms of health care. CEBD appears to
outstrip all other medical conditions in terms of number of years lost due
to ill-health, disability or early death. CEBD tend to peak when afflicted
individuals are still at a young age, thus depriving them of meaningful existence for many years. This has obvious implications for society. In addition to impairment, disability and handicap, CEBD tend affect other areas
of health. For example, emotional disorders tend to have a strong link with
physical illness. In addition to this, there is strong evidence to suggest that
some well known physical illnesses tend to create a psychological burden.
Although sometimes framed in the local idioms of distress, CEBD are widely recognised in Oman.
Possible Solutions
Regarding possible solutions to these issues, Dr. Hamed Al-Sinawi and
team assert that Oman needs to contemplate a new direction for its health
care system. An integral part of Oman’s health system should be meeting
the needs of MCI through remedial services—since it would be an untenable aspiration to find a cure for all the causes of impairment, disability
and handicap in the country. Health care services should enable MCI to
reach and maintain their optimal levels of physical, sensory, intellectual,
psychological and social functioning in order to achieve a measure of selfdetermination and meaningful and independence existence. Rehabilitation
or remedial services need multidisciplinary medical teams, with a range of
skills from social work to neurosurgery, which are also supported by educational/vocational institutions and other social agencies.
Within the context of a family-oriented society, one approach that might be
appropriate for MCI in Oman, according to Dr. Hamed Al Sinawi, is outreach services similar to home health care, otherwise known as domiciliary
care or social care. This could help MCI have their health needs met within
their own community which mean they are likely to remain closer to their
social network of friends, neighbours and family thus mitigating loneliness,
depression and other existential dilemmas. Another alternative approach is
a non-residential facility that provides activities for the MCI during the day.
This would mean that MCI could spend 10–12 hours per day in a setting
possibly with access to a medical facility. Under this scheme, meals, social
and recreational outings, and general supervision are provided by a team
of experts.
The Saudi Arabian Job Market for
Female Graduates
By: Ibrahim Y. Vaid
Assistant Professor
Effat University
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
not obtain access to the field to observe real world practices; and also to collect materials from showrooms,
and retail stores; that they need for class projects. For
example, in the Building Construction course at the local university, students are required to write a paper on
assigned building material such as glass block, types
of cement, paints, Saudi granites or related materials.
However, some students complained that they could
not go out alone and need to get help from brothers,
close relatives, drivers, and fathers to go with them
to get materials. Additionally, students complained
about difficulty regarding conducting interviews for
class projects and also, calling on salesmen regarding
product information.
There are numerous challenges faced by women who are studying architecture and other technical related fields in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
They also face many obstacles to work in a society which is not ready to accept
them; especially, in technical fields such as architecture. Problems start with
difficulties in conducting construction site visits, restricted work opportunities in local companies, lack of separate office spaces according to the local
customs. Another problem is being accepted in a new field of study for women in a community which is not used to seeing women working in this profession. Although these problems exist, many people think that Saudi women are
the same as women from other countries. In this regard, Dr. Chaman Rahim
who is originally from Bangladesh has spent 34 years as an educator in Jeddah. In her career, she has witnessed many positive changes for women in the
education sector, and is an optimist who believes that the work environment
for women is changing for the better. It is a misconception that Saudi women
stay at home and do not contribute to the society. Rahim said that “Education
for girls was officially proclaimed by King Saud in 1959 on Saudi radio. King
Faisal and his wife, Queen Effat, made great contributions to girls’ education”.
Dr. Rahim also noted that “the process was slow at first and progressed gradually. Girls always seize any opportunity to study, and today women are at the
forefront in almost all fields of work. This is indeed a great achievement”.
Finally, just as in other countries, Saudi Arabia would like to continue to establish a developed society, and play a role in a developing the society.
It is important to utilize the education acquired after graduating from colleges
and university. Many women quit universities prior to graduating, either because of marriage, family problems, or unsatisfactory academic performances.
Female dropout rates from universities are astonishing and reached 60% in
the academic year 2005-06. In the same way many women do not work after
graduating, because either their husbands do not want them to work, due to
culture barriers, or family and children responsibilities. One thing is for sure,
education (secular or religious) is power and educated women can take care
and raise their children much better than women who are not educated. On
the other hand many women want to work but cannot find a job for several
reasons. One of the biggest reasons is many companies are not ready to hire
women. Nashwa Taher, a well-known business woman in Saudi Arabia, accused many companies of “obstructing employment opportunities for women”.
Abdul Rahman Al-Rashed, Chairman of Asharqia Chamber said, “Statistics
show that about 82,000 women graduates are jobless”. Also, he added that
“The work of women is more valuable than the money they posses because
they represent half of the population and their active participation in economic activities is essential”. The spokesman for the Labor Ministry of KSA Hattab
Al-Anazi said that, “Some big companies have already opened women’s sections inside their headquarters and branches”.
The biggest problems educators face is when students complain that they can-
Saudi Arabia has taken many positive steps to encourage women’s progression in the labor market. First of all, Saudi women are graduating
from universities at higher rates than Saudi men, similar to the gender
rate differential seen in western countries. The Foreign Ministry of Saudi
Arabia has made progress in accommodating women by offering jobs as
international relations researchers and clerks at the women’s section of
its branch in the Mecca province. They are required to have a bachelor’s
degree in the field of international relations, public relations experience,
or political science for an international relations post, and a diploma in
secretarial studies for clerks.
Other opportunities are also provided in diverse fields such as in an allwomen’s light fixture factory, and car saleswomen, where they sell cars
to other female buyers. It should be noted that legally, women cannot
drive in KSA. Furthermore, other sectors which accommodate women
are the financial industry (e.g. banks), sales, medical profession (i.e. doctors, nurses, pharmacists and other medical related fields) and education.
Moreover, there are initiatives to promote Saudi women to work in the
labor market includes prison employments, welfare centers, vocational
fields, libraries, tourisms, food industries, first aids, beauty salons, computers industries, and telecommuting. Furthermore, the government has
opened 17 technical colleges in different parts of the country to encourage women to study in technical fields.
Education awareness among the Saudis is increasing especially in those
families where their offspring have studied aboard. They support women to study and be the part of workforce. Despite all these obstacles the
number of women’s educational institutions as well as the number of
women students has been steadily growing, their illiteracy rate has been
substantially declined, and they consistently do better on standardized
school tests and achieve higher grades than their male counterparts.
There are numerous cultural obstacles exist for female to work in the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Also, females are studying locally and
aboard (i.e. encouraging steps of KSA to provide scholarships) more in
the technical fields including architecture. As a result, within five to eight
years, more females will be available to contribute their shares in a local
market. Consequently, companies have to accommodate them by creating separate offices and work areas. On the other hand, if companies do
not house them, then female have to look for other avenues and would
start technical related businesses; resulting, a competition between male
owned businesses versus female owned business. Females need encouragement from families in finishing educations and to work. In like manner, private and public sectors need to open door for them.
Ibrahim Vaid is an educator and a vocational educational consultant, currently
teaching as visiting professor in the KSA. He can be reached at [email protected] .
30 July 2012 P5
SQU Project Bags Green Research Award
used without any environmental problems, and the amount of treated wastewater to be thrown away or disposed was minimized. High
amount of freshwater was saved, the wastelands were used with perfect plant growth and the fertility of soil was improved. In this project,
chemical fertilizer was saved and organic fertilizer or natural amendments were used. However, the quality and quantity of produced oil
(bio-fuel) was matching the international standards. Two scientific papers from this project were published in International scientific journals and four reports were published in local newsletters. Moreover,
the work was presented in local and International conferences.
A research project at SQU which explores maximizing the use of waste resources including waste lands and treated waste water, has bagged the “Special
Jury” category of the Green Oman Award 2012 (Green Research Award). This
project, carried out by the Department of Soils, Water & Agricultural Engineering of the College of Agricultural & Marine Sciences, describes the usage of
waste lands and non-potable water to grow environmental friendly plants and
produce bio-fuel that can help in greening and support the economy of the
country. The main objectives of the project were to improve the productivity
of waste lands (unsuitable for agriculture); to maximize the usage of treated
waste water; to grow economical (bio-fuel) plant; to reduce the usage of chemical fertilizers and improve soil quality by natural resources; and, to conduct a
preliminary research to assess the possibilities of growing Jatropha plant and
produce bio-fuel.
In this study, Jatropha plants were grown in wasteland (rocky unfertile soil) at
Agricultural Experiment Station (AES), College of Agricultural & Marine Sciences. The plants were irrigated with saline and treated waste waters. The success of the project was shown through an excellent growth and production of
plant seeds. Low quality of waters (saline water and treated waste water) were
The project motivated others to contribute to a greener Oman through
the following advantages. It will turn many bare soils to green lands.
Jatropha plant cannot be eaten by animals so If it is grown in the edge
of the land, it will work as a fence and protect the inside or domestic
plants. If the growers are interested in Jatropha plant, they can harvest
the seed and get biofuel from it. The husk of the seeds can be used as
a fertilizer for edible crops so it will improve the fertility of the soil; it
gives option to save fresh water and use non-potable waters. Otherwise
it can be irrigated by low amount of fresh water. Moreover, if the plant
is not irrigated, it will survive but the leaves will fall down. The whole
plant has many medical applications. If the plant grown in a big scale, it
will provide jobs, improve the income of the grower and support country economy. The plant has the ability to absorb high amount of CO2.
In good growth, the place will be green and plant will produce flowers.
Plant waste can be used as a fertilizer or cooking purposes.
Dr. Ahmed Al Busaidi, Associate Researcher in the Department of
SWAE, said that with this project, more lands can be brought under agriculture again but with newly changed economically attractive plants.
“As a result farmers or owners of such lands can be re-employed on
their original lands once again. The family income will increase. Livestock, goat and sheep feeding on these fodders can be a fresh source
of milk and meat. Some new industry (like oil extracting) can develop bringing new jobs and increased income to the young population.
Moreover, improving the fertility of many waste lands by using treated
waste water mean saving freshwater for coming generation and producing food from lands that supposed to be unproductive are excellent
job for covering food security issues”, he said.
SQU Joins Hands with AMEI for Student Exchange
Oman said that this is the first time that the US students are visiting
Oman as part of this annual student exchange program by AMEI.
“Oman is very open to foreign cultures while retaining its identity
as an Arabic Islamic nation. The Arabic dialect in Oman is very pure
which gives our students an advantage”, he said.
Sultan Qaboos University hosted 15 American students visiting Oman
as part of an Arabic language immersion and cultural exchange program for students which is coordinated by the American Middle East
Institute (AMEI) based in Pittsburgh, USA. The visit of the American
students was preceded by the three week visit of the same number of
Omani students to Washington and Jefferson College in Pennsylvania
from June 4 to 23.
Georges Montillet, Director of Educational Programs at AMEI, who
was in charge of the language and cultural immersion program in
30 July 2012 P6
In Oman, the US students lived with their counterparts from this
country in order to share lifestyles and culture. During their three
weeks stay in Oman, the students took assignments on critical thinking enhancement, language learning and cultural exchange. The students visited different places in Oman such as Sur, Nizwa, Muttrah
to see the historical monuments and interact with people. During the
last week, the students spent their time in Salalah.
Salahddin Al Sadi, Deputy Director for External Cooperation Office
at SQU said that the university provided transportation, accommodation and food for both the Omani and US students who particpated in the program. Out of the fifteen Omani students, five were from
SQU, six from Colleges functioning under the Ministry of Higher
Education and four from the Senior Secondary Schools under the
Ministry of Education. Apart from SQU, the hosting organizations
included the Ministries of Higher Education, and Education and Sultan Qaboos Centre for Islamic Culture. The program concluded on
July 19.
From 557 in the year 1986, the number of students rose to
14722 in the academic year 2007-2008. This figure includes
Diploma, Bachelors, Masters and PhD students. There has
been gradual increase in the number of graduates as well;
from 284 graduates in the year 1990 to 2422 in 2011.
A Sun that never sets
Straight Talk
How would you summarise your expertise
and experience in satellite meteorology and training?
Dr. Mark Higgins
I graduated from the University of Edinburgh, in Scotland, with a BSc in Astrophysics and a PhD
in Geophysics. My core skill as a scientist is remote sensing, being able to estimate the Earth’s properties at a distance. I joined the Met Office in the UK and worked on
remote sensing of the Atmosphere, bringing data into the
computer models that are used in weather forecasting.
Since 2003 I have worked more in the area of training and
joined EUMETSAT last year where I am able to combine
my scientific and training interests.
Could you summarise the applications of
weather satellites?
Meteorological satellites are primarily used
to monitor the weather and climate of the Earth. Today’s
weather satellite sensors see more than clouds and cloud
systems. Effects of pollution, sand and dust storms, snow
cover, boundaries of ocean currents, energy flows, and
other types of environmental information are gathered using these satellites, in real time. Visible-light images from
weather satellites during local daylight hours are easy to
interpret even by the average person; clouds, cloud systems such as fronts and tropical storms, lakes, forests,
mountains, snow ice, and large scale pollution such as
smoke, dust and haze are readily apparent. The thermal
or infrared images recorded by sensors called scanning
radiometers enable a trained analyst to determine cloud
heights and types, to calculate land and surface water
temperatures, and to locate ocean surface features. Fishermen and farmers are interested in knowing land and
water temperatures to protect their crops against frost or
increase their catch from the sea. The number of application areas is continually growing.
Can you explain how satellite data could be
used for ocean monitoring?
Satellite data can be used as a tool for monitoring the environmental conditions of coastal waters and
the health of oceans and seas. By looking at the ocean in
different colours we can detect algae. We can measure
the temperature of the ocean surface, we can measure the
wind on the ocean surface, and the height of the ocean
wave. We can also measure the height of the ocean itself.
From these data scientists can make statements about sea
level rise, the energy available from the ocean to a cyclone,
the best fishing areas and the safest areas for mariners. In
fact, during my stay in Oman, we had a meeting with the
officials in the Ministry of Fisheries regarding the use of
satellite data for the benefit of the fishermen in the country. They are already monitoring ocean colour – which relates to algae which fish can feed on.
Horizon: Could you explain the major topics you cov-
ered in the training workshop at SQU? Why they are important?
The course participants are all weather forecasters. Their principle role is to provide weather information and warnings. This can be to pilots, ship captains,
fishermen, farmers, national disaster management bodies
and the public. Producing a good forecast requires a good
understanding of what the current state of the atmosphere. Satellite data can really help this step in forecasting,
they provide a good all round view of the environment in
real time. This course helped the forecasters deepen their
knowledge of how to use the data from satellites in their
forecasting. These forecasters will be better able to detect
the first signs of a dust storm or change in wind over the
sea, leading them to be able to make better forecasts.
Mark Higgins is a Trainer in Satellite Meteorology at the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
(EUMETSAT) specialised in weather and ocean monitoring. He visited SQU as part of his training assignment for weather forecast experts
in Oman. The Remote Sensing & GIS Centre at SQU with DG-MAN
and EUMETSAT is a partner in the World Meteorological Organization Centre of Excellence in Oman which trains scientists from Middle East, North African and South West Asian countries, on utilising
and interpreting satellite data for metrological applications.

Health Care System Needs Change