Acknowledgments THIS BOOK AND THE WORK IT REPRESENTS were made possible by the collaborative efforts of many persons. The authors wish to thank the following sponsors of the research who shared their visions of where light forces should go: Dr. A. Fenner Milton, formerly with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research, Development, and Acquisition; MG Paul Von Kaenel, formerly with the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff (Army) for Operations and Plans; Dr. Donald Latham, GEN(R) David Maddox, MG(R) Jasper Welch, and Dr. Theodore Gold, with the Defense Science Board; MG Robert Scales, formerly the Deputy Chief of Staff for Doctrine and now at the Army War College; and Dr. David Whelan, Director of DARPA’s Tactical Technology Office. Others who contributed to the research include Mr. Walter Hollis, the Deputy Under Secretary of the Army for Operations Research; Dr. Michael Andrews, the Chief Scientist of Research and Technology in ASA(ALT); Dr. John Parmentola, formerly the Director of Technology in ASA(ALT); BG(R) Huba Wass de Czege and COL Steve Kirin at TRAC; COL Daniel Bourgoine at TRADOC; COL Karl Horst and COL Leo Brooks with the XVIII Airborne Corps; LTC Burt Mizusawa in the Office of the Secretary of the Army. We would also like to acknowledge the many discussions and interactions provided by the following organizations: the Armed Forces Staff College, the Army War College, the Army Science Board, ASA(ALT), the Defense Science Board, USD(A&T), and U.S. Army TRAC and TRADOC. The authors had widespread research support over the past few years within RAND as well. Dr. Kenneth Horn, director of the Force Development and Technology Program in the RAND Arroyo Center, provided overarching guidance for the research. Dr. Eugene Gritton, director of the Acquisition and Technology Policy Center in the National Security Research Division, was instrumental in developing ties with DARPA and guiding research dealing with OSD issues. Keith Brendley, former RAND researcher, helped formulate many of the early concepts embodied in the rapid force projection work. The modeling and simulation team at RAND, comprising Scot Eisenhard, Gail Halverson, Phyllis Kantar, Bill Sollfrey, and Angela Stich, helped to develop new capabilities and tools for representing advanced systems and performed numerous analytic studies. Many different Army fellows stationed at RAND made substantial contributions to the work, including COL Kemp Littlefield, COL Eduardo Cardenas, LTC Donald Hinton, LTC Mark Lees, LTC Ernst Isensee, and MAJ Steven Strukel. The authors also had numerous useful discussions on rapid-reaction capability with Terry Covington, James Chow, Jon Grossman, John Pinder, and many other colleagues at RAND. xi xii L I G HTN I N G OVE R W ATE R To help produce this book we would like to thank the following individuals. June Kobashigawa helped with the assembly of the manuscript. Donna Betancourt helped us overcome the many administrative hurdles. Ron Miller, Pete Soriano, Barbara Angell, and Mary Wrazen provided artwork and design. Nikki Shacklett provided the editing. We would especially like to thank our reviewers, Mr. James Quinlivan, former Director of the Arroyo Center, and Dr. Walter Perry, who added both style and substance to the final product. Finally, the authors collectively would like to thank their families for their unyielding understanding and support. Without this, the research that went into this book would not have been possible.