Research Experience for High School and Undergraduate Students (REH/REU) Faculty Mentor: Dr. Ronald Goodwin On January 20, 1981, Ronald Reagan was sworn in as the 40th president of the United States. He defeated Democrat Jimmy Carter in a landslide victory that not only saw the Republican Party gain control of the US Senate for the first time in 28 years, but also ushered in a new wave of neoconservative policies. While much of the literature on the neoconservatives center on the rejection of the New Left movement of the 1960s, the political implications for the 1980s extended beyond curtailing counterculture revolutionaries. The limited success of Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society moved African Americans closer to full citizenship than any time in this country’s history. It is the contention of this project that the neoconservative movement began as a result of the perceived advances of the New Left in the 1950s and 1960s, especially those involving legislations beneficial to women and minorities. This project involves 1) the identification of legislations passed by the 87th Congress of the US (19611963) through those initiated by the 97th Congress (1981-1983) and 2) the development of a database indicating how congressional members voted during pertinent legislative issues involving women and minorities. These databases will serve as primary data in the analysis of this country’s political movement from the liberal policies of the New Deal and Great Society to the neoconservativism of the Reagan era. Furthermore, it is anticipated that such a database will indicate the political shifts in the former Confederate states from Democratic to Republican political affiliation. Historical literature illustrates the movement of white supremacists away from the Democratic Party beginning with the 1936 presidential campaign. It is anticipated that this project will illustrate that the white supremacist element in American society eventually landed in the Republican Party by 1968 and reached a political apex with the neoconservative victory of Ronald Reagan in 1980.