Emotional Intelligence: Improvement Through Exposure Sara Begley, Frank Bernieri, PhD, and Olivia Calvillo; Oregon State University Interpersonal Perception Task (IPT): Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS): Results: 4. 1. • We found that both the scores for IPT and PONS significantly increased by week 9. There is strong evidence in support of the notion that emotional intelligence scores increase through exposure. IPT-­‐15 Scores 5. 2. 12 Conclusion: 11.66 11.5 Who won the game of one-on-one basketball? a. The man on the left b. The man on the right Present Study In the present study, emotional intelligence was measured through two tests: Interpersonal Perception Task (IPT) and the Profile of Nonverbal Sensitivity (PONS). The purpose of this study was to examine how emotional intelligence increases over time with practice. 6. Number of Correct Answers Those scoring high in emotional intelligence typically can read the room well, understand relational connections, detect deception, and other various aspects of human interaction. But how do we learn to be emotionally intelligent? When it comes to interpersonal perception, it turns out to be difficult to learn from our mistakes because we rarely get this feedback. How often do we find out definitively whether the person we suspect is lying is telling the truth or not? v 11 10.5 10.33 10 For each photo, select the social situation with which it is most likely to reflect: 1. a. trying to seduce someone b. expressing deep affection 2. a. helping a customer b. expressing jealous anger 3. a. ordering food in a restaurant b. trying to seduce someone 4. a. asking for forgiveness b. nagging a child 5. a. talking to a lost child b. talking about the death of a friend 6. a. criticizing someone for being late b. threatening someone Method • 15 participants (11 females and 4 males) committed to taking the IPT and PONS tests once a week for 9 consecutive weeks. • The participants were not told how well they did, or given any information about any item or any strategy that would lead to scoring well. 9.5 IPT Week 1 IPT Week 9 PONS Scores 205 200 199.53 195 Number of Correct Answers Introduction p-value=.0314 3. • The scores for both the IPT and PONS showed that scores can increase with practice without any feedback or hints as to what to observe in order to make the correct judgments. p-value <.0001 190 185 180 178.88 175 Since the results showed that the participant’s scores increased over repeated measures, there is evidence to support the idea that practice can increase a person’s emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence could simply increase due to increased exposure to social interactions. Emotional intelligence is difficult to teach to individuals because of the multitude of stimuli that impact a social interaction. These results could provide a foundation for future research in the teaching of emotional intelligence. References: Costanzo, M., & Archer, D. (1991). A method for teaching about verbal and nonverbal communication. Teaching of Psychology. 18(4), 223-226. Costanzo, M. (1992). Training students to decode verbal and nonverbal cues: Effects on confidence and performance. Journal Of Educational Psychology, 84(3), 308-313. Hall, Judith A.; Bernieri, Frank J.; Carney, Dana R. (2005) The new handbook of methods in nonverbal behavior research. Series in Affective Science. In J.A. Harrigan, R. Rosenthal, & K.R Scherer, Klaus (Eds.) Interpersonal Sensitivity (pp. 237-281). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press. Hall, J., Andrzejewski, S., & Yopchick, J. (2009). Psychosocial Correlates of Interpersonal Sensitivity: A Meta-Analysis. Journal Of Nonverbal Behavior, 33(3), 149-180. doi:10.1007/s10919-009-0070-5 Rosip, J. C., & Hall, J. A. (2004). Knowledge of nonverbal cues, gender, and nonverbal decoding accuracy. Journal Of Nonverbal Behavior, 28(4), 267-286. Acknowledgments: 170 165 PONS Week 1 PONS Week 9 Alex Brunot, Thomas Smelter, Chloe Stein, Kyrie Smith, Nancy Long, Vinneeth Cigicherla, Alex Geelan, Olivia Cooper, Amber Fultz, Shanshan Lu, Madi Burke, Liz Beltran, and Nikita Morales.