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HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Typical Applications
Features
The HMC1021LP4E is ideal for:
Broadband Single-Ended RF Input
• Log –> Root-Mean-Square (RMS) Conversion
• Tx/Rx Signal Strength Indication (TSSI/RSSI)
RMS Detector with ±1 dB Detection
Accuracy to 3.9 GHz
• RF Power Amplifier Efficiency Control
Input Dynamic Range: -62 dBm to +8 dBm
• Receiver Automatic Gain Control
±1 dB Envelope Detection Accuracy over
20 dB Input Range
• Transmitter Power Control
Power Detectors - SMT
11
Envelope Detection Bandwidth > 150MHz
• Envelope Tracking
Digitally Programmable Integration Bandwidth
• PA Linearization
Power-Down Mode
24 Lead 4x4mm SMT Package: 16mm²
Functional Diagram
General Descriptions
The HMC1021LP4E is an RMS power detector with
an integrated high bandwidth envelope detector. The
RMS output is a temperature compensated, monotonic, linear-in-dB representation of real RF signal power,
measured over an input sensing range of 70 dB. The
envelope detector provides an accurate voltage output
which is linearly proportional to the envelope amplitude of the RF input signal for modulation bandwidths
up to 150 MHz. The high bandwidth envelope detection of the HMC1021LP4E makes it ideal for detecting
broadband and high crest factor RF signals commonly
used in CDMA2000, WCDMA, and LTE systems. Additionally, the instantaneous envelope output can be
used to create fast, excessive RF power protection,
PA linearization, and efficiency enhancing envelopetracking PA implementations.
The HMC1021LP4E’s RMS detector integration bandwidth is digitally programmable via input pins SCI1-4
over a range of more than 4 decades. This allows the
user to dynamically set the operation bandwidth and
also permits the detection of different types of modulations on the same platform.
The HMC1021LP4E features an internal op-amp at the
RMS output stage, which accommodates slope and
intercept adjustments and supports a wide range of
applications.
Electrical Specifications I
TA = +25 °C, Vcc = 5V, Sci4 = Sci1 = 0V, Sci3 = Sci2 = 5V, Unless Otherwise Noted
Parameter
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Units
Input Frequency
RMSOUT Output
100
900
1900
2200
2700
3500
3900
MHz
71
71
70
69
68
64
60
dB
ETOUT Output
18
19
20
19
20
19
19
dB
Dynamic Range (±1dB Error) [1]
Deviation vs Temperature: (Over full temperature range -40 °C to 85 °C).
Deviation is measured from reference, which is the same WCDMA input at 25 °C.
1
dB
[1] With WCDMA 4 Carrier (TM1-64 DPCH)
11 - 1
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Electrical Specifications II
TA = +25 °C, Vcc = 5V, Sci4 = Sci1 = 0V, Sci3 = Sci2 = 5V, Unless Otherwise Noted
Parameter
Input Frequency
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Units
100
900
1900
2200
2700
3500
3900
MHz
Modulation Deviation (Output deviation from reference, which is measured with CW input at equivalent input signal power)
WCDMA 4 Carrier (TM1-64 DPCH) at +25 °C
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
dB
WCDMA 4 Carrier (TM1-64 DPCH) at +85 °C
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
dB
WCDMA 4 Carrier (TM1-64 DPCH) at -40 °C
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.1
dB
RMSOUT Logarithmic Slope and Intercept [1]
Logarithmic Slope
33.6
33.7
34.1
34.5
35.4
37.8
39.7
mV/dB
Logarithmic Intercept
-69.4
-69.2
-68.4
-67.8
-66.2
-62.2
-59.3
dBm
Max. Input Power at ±1dB Error
8
8
8
8
8
7
5
dBm
Min. Input Power at ±1dB Error
-63
-63
-62
-61
-60
-57
-55
dBm
V/V
11
Linear Slope
16.6
16.0
14.8
14.5
13.6
12.3
11.3
Linear Intercept
-56.0
-58.2
-63.0
-64.0
-68.0
-75.3
-81.8
mV
Max. Input Power at ±1dB Error
-14
-13
-11
-11
-10
-10
-9
dBm
Min. Input Power at ±1dB Error
-32
-32
-31
-30
-30
-29
-28
dBm
[1] With WCDMA 4 Carrier (TM1-64 DPCH)
RMSOUT vs. Pin with Different
Modulations @ 1900 MHz [1]
RMSOUT Error vs. Pin with Different
Modulations @ 1900 MHz [1]
3
4
3
Ideal
CW
WCDMA 4 carriers
WCDMA1
CDMA2000
LTEDW
2
CW
WCDMA 4 carriers
WCDMA1
CDMA2000
LTEDW
2
ERROR (dB)
RMSOUT (V)
2.5
1.5
1
1
0
-1
-2
0.5
-3
0
-70
-4
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
INPUT POWER (dBm)
-10
0
10
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
power detectors - SMT
ETOUT Linear Slope and Intercept
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
[1] Data was taken at Sci4=Sci1=0V, Sci3=Sci2=5V, shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed longest integration time is for SCI=1100
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 2
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Electrical Specifications III
TA = +25 °C, Vcc = 5V, Sci4 = Sci1 = 0V, Sci3 = Sci2 = 5V, Unless Otherwise Noted
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ.
Max
Units
Single-Ended Input Configuration
Input Network Return Loss
Input Resistance between INP and INN
Input Voltage Range
up to 3.9 GHz
> 15
Between pins 3 and 4
100
dB
Ω
0.85
AC Coupled Peak Voltage at INP-
V
RMSOUT Output
Output Voltage Range
0.13 to 2.7
V
RMSOUT held at VCC/2
8 / -0.55
mA
Sci4=Sci3=Sci2=Sci1=0V, Cofs=1nF
24 / 1.9
10 6 V/s
Modulation Bandwidth
150
MHz
Output Voltage Range
1.2 to 2.2
V
Source/Sink Current Compliance
Power Detectors - SMT
11
11 - 3
Output Slew Rate (rise / fall)
ETOUT Output
Source/Sink Current Compliance
8 / -3.7
mA
Output Slew Rate (rise / fall)
28 / 27
10 6 V/s
0.13 to 2.7
V
5
MΩ
VSET Input (Negative Feedback Terminal)
Input Voltage Range
For control applications with nominal
slope/intercept settings
Input Resistance
SCI1-4 Inputs, ENX Logic Input (Power Down Control)
Input High Voltage
0.7xVCC
V
Input Low Voltage
0.3xVCC
V
Input High Current
1
μA
1
μA
Input Low Current
Input Capacitance
0.5
pf
Power Supply
Supply Voltage
4.5
5
5.5
V
Supply Current with no input power
75
mA
Supply Current with -20 dBm
78
mA
Standby Mode Supply Current
5
mA
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 100 MHz [1][2]
3.2
3
2.8
2
2.4
2
1
2
1
1.6
0
1.6
0
1.2
-1
1.2
-1
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
0
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0.8
-3
0.4
-4
0
10
-70
-2
-4
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 2200 MHz [1][2]
3
2.8
2
2.4
2
1
2
1
1.6
0
1.6
0
1.2
-1
1.2
-1
0.8
-2
0.8
-3
0.4
-4
0
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
2.4
0.4
0
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
-70
4
3
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
2
-2
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
-3
-4
-60
-50
INPUT POWER (dBm)
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 2700 MHz [1][2]
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 3500 MHz [1][2]
3
2.8
2
2.4
2
1
2
1
1.6
0
1.6
0
1.2
-1
1.2
-1
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
2.4
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
0.4
0
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
INPUT POWER (dBm)
-10
0
-2
0.8
-3
0.4
-4
0
10
-70
4
3
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
2
ERROR (dB)
0.8
RMSOUT (V)
3.2
ERROR (dB)
4
3.2
2.8
ERROR (dB)
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
RMSOUT (V)
3.2
ERROR (dB)
4
3.2
2.8
11
-3
INPUT POWER (dBm)
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 1900 MHz [1][2]
RMSOUT (V)
2
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
INPUT POWER (dBm)
RMSOUT (V)
3
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
power detectors - SMT
0.4
-2
4
ERROR (dB)
0.8
RMSOUT (V)
4
2.8
ERROR (dB)
3.2
2.4
RMSOUT (V)
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 900 MHz [1][2]
-2
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
-3
-4
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
[1] Data was taken at Sci4=Sci1=0V, Sci3=Sci2=5V, shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed longest integration time is for SCI=1100
[2] WCDMA 4 carriers input waveform
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 4
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin @ 3900 MHz [1][2]
4
3.2
2
1
1.6
0
1.2
-1
0.8
-2
Ideal
LOGOUT +25C
LOGOUT +85C
LOGOUT -40C
0.4
-55
2
ERROR (dB)
RMSOUT (V)
2.4
-50
3
ERR +25C
ERR +85C
ERR -40C
INTERCEPT (dBm)
2.8
11
RMSOUT Intercept vs. Frequency [1][2]
-4
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
-65
-70
-75
-3
0
+25C
+85C
-40C
-60
-80
10
0
1000
4000
3
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
2.5
RMSOUT (V)
45
SLOPE (mV/dB)
3000
RMSOUT vs. Pin with WCDMA
4 Carrier @ +25 °C [1]
[1][2]
50
+25C
+85C
-40C
40
2
1.5
1
35
0.5
30
0
1000
2000
3000
0
-70
4000
-60
-50
RMSOUT Error vs. Pin with WCDMA 4
Carrier @ +25 °C [1]
3
2
2
ERROR (dB)
4
3
1
0
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
-2
-3
-4
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
INPUT POWER (dBm)
-30
-20
-10
0
10
RMSOUT Error vs. Pin with WCDMA 4
Carrier @ +85 °C wrt +25 °C Response [1]
4
-1
-40
INPUT POWER (dBm)
FREQUENCY (MHz)
ERROR (dB)
Power Detectors - SMT
RMSOUT Slope vs. Frequency
2000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
INPUT POWER (dBm)
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
1
0
-1
-2
-3
-10
0
10
-4
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
[1] Data was taken at Sci4=Sci1=0V, Sci3=Sci2=5V, shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed longest integration time is for SCI=1100
[2] WCDMA 4 carriers input waveform
11 - 5
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
RMSOUT Error vs. Pin with WCDMA 4
Carrier @ -40 °C wrt +25 °C Response [1]
RMSOUT vs. Pin with CW @ +25 °C [1]
3
4
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
ERROR (dB)
2
1
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
2.5
RMSOUT (V)
3
0
-1
2
1.5
1
-2
0.5
-3
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
0
-70
10
-60
-50
INPUT POWER (dBm)
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
RMSOUT Error vs. Pin with CW @ +25 °C
[1]
RMSOUT vs. Pin w/ CW & WCDMA 4 Carrier
@ 1900 MHz & +25 °C [1]
3
4
3
2.5
RMSOUT (V)
ERROR (dB)
2
1
0
-1
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
-2
-3
-4
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
11
INPUT POWER (dBm)
CW
WCDMA
2
1.5
1
0.5
-10
0
0
-70
10
-60
-50
INPUT POWER (dBm)
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
Reading Error for WCDMA 4 Carrier wrt
CW Response @ +25 °C [1]
RMSOUT vs. Pin w/ CW & WCDMA 4 Carrier
@ 1900 MHz & +85 °C [1]
power detectors - SMT
-4
-70
3
1
0.8
2.5
0.6
RMSOUT (V)
ERROR (dB)
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
INPUT POWER (dBm)
CW
WCDMA
2
1.5
1
0.5
-10
0
10
0
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
[1] Data was taken at Sci4=Sci1=0V, Sci3=Sci2=5V, shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed longest integration time is for SCI=1100
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 6
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Reading Error for WCDMA 4 Carrier wrt
CW Response @ +85 °C [1]
RMSOUT vs. Pin w/ CW & WCDMA 4 Carrier
@ 1900 MHz & -40 °C [1]
3
1
0.8
2.5
0.6
0.2
0
-0.2
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
-0.4
-0.6
11
RMSOUT (V)
ERROR (dB)
0.4
-0.8
-1
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
CW
WCDMA
2
1.5
1
0.5
-10
0
0
-70
10
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
Reading Error for WCDMA 4 Carrier wrt
CW Response @ -40 °C [1]
1
25
3
2.5
0.6
RMSOUT (V)
ERROR (dB)
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
0
15
1.5
10
1.5
10
5
1
RF
OFF
0
-5
0
5
TIME (ms)
6
7
0
0
2
4
6
8
10
90
85
80
75
70
+25C
+85C
-40C
65
60
55
RF ENABLE
4
RF ENABLE VOLTAGE (V)
15
3
RF ENABLE
95
20
2
2
RF
OFF
100
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
RMSOUT
1
RF
ON
-5
-2
25
0
RF
OFF
Typical Supply Current vs. Pin, Vcc = 5V
-20 dBm
0 dBm
RF
ON
5
1
TIME (us)
3
RF
OFF
20
0
10
RMSOUT Output Response
with SCI = 1100 @ 1900 MHz
2.5
MSOUT
0.5
-10
-20 dBm
0 dBm
2
INPUT POWER (dBm)
RMSOUT (V)
10
RMSOUT Output Response
with SCI = 0000 @ 1900 MHz
0.8
0.5
0
INPUT POWER (dBm)
8
9
10
50
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
[1] Data was taken at Sci4=Sci1=0V, Sci3=Sci2=5V, shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed longest integration time is for SCI=1100
11 - 7
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
RF ENABLE VOLTAGE (V)
Power Detectors - SMT
INPUT POWER (dBm)
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Output Ripple & Rise/Fall Time
vs. Integration Setting
[Sci4,Sci3,Sci2,Sci1] in Decimal
Input Return Loss vs. Frequency
0
Output Ripple Peak-Peak (mV)
-10
-15
-20
-25
1200
1000
900
100
10
600
Rise Time
Fall Time
300
2
3
4
5
6
0.1
0
1
2
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
ETOUT & ETOUT Error vs. Pin with CW @
900 MHz
2
1
Normalized ETOUT (V)
10
1.5
+25C
+85C
-40C
4
+25C
+85C
-40C
2
0
0.1
-2
0.01
Error +25C
Error +85C
Error -40C
-4
0.001
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
-40
-35
-30
INPUT VOLTAGE (Vp-p)
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
INPUT POWER (dBm)
ETOUT & ETOUT Error vs. Pin with CW @
1900 MHz
ETOUT vs. Pin with CW @ 1900 MHz
2.5
Normalized ETOUT (V)
+25C
+85C
-40C
+25C
+85C
-40C
1
2
0
0.1
-2
0.01
Error +25C
Error +85C
Error -40C
-4
0.001
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
INPUT VOLTAGE (Vp-p)
ERROR (dB)
1.5
1
11
4
10
2
ETOUT (V)
5
ERROR (dB)
ETOUT (V)
4
Integration Setting (in Decimal)
2.5
1
3
power detectors - SMT
1
ETOUT vs. Pin with CW @ 900 MHz
0.5
1
0
0
FREQUENCY (GHz)
0.5
10000
Rise Time & Fall Time (us)
RETURN LOSS (dB)
Ripple with WCDMA1
Ripple with WCDMA4
Ripple with 8 Tone (1kHz seperation)
Ripple with 8 Tone (10kHz seperation)
1500
-5
-30
100000
1800
0.2
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
INPUT POWER (dBm)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 8
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
ETOUT & ETOUT Error vs. Pin with CW @
3500 MHz
ETOUT vs. Pin with CW @ 3500 MHz
2.5
Normalized ETOUT (V)
1.5
+25C
+85C
-40C
1
0.5
+25C
+85C
-40C
1
0
0.1
-2
0.01
Error +25C
Error +85C
Error -40C
-4
0.001
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-10
-5
ETOUT Slope vs. Frequency with CW
20
-50
-55
+25C
+85C
-40C
18
SLOPE (V/V)
-60
-65
-70
-75
-80
+25C
+85C
-40C
-85
-90
-15
INPUT POWER (dBm)
ETOUT Intercept vs. Frequency with CW
INTERCEPT (mV)
Power Detectors - SMT
INPUT VOLTAGE (Vp-p)
11 - 9
2
ERROR (dB)
ETOUT (V)
2
11
4
10
0
1000
2000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
16
14
12
3000
4000
10
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
FREQUENCY (MHz)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Absolute Maximum Ratings
5.6V
RF Input Power
10 dBm
Input Voltage
VCC + 0.6V
Junction Temperature
125 °C
Continuous Pdiss (T = 85°C)
(Derate 32.45 mW/°C above 85°C)
1.39 W
Thermal Resistance (Rth)
(junction to ground paddle)
28.68 °C/W
Storage Temperature
-65 to +150 °C
Operating Temperature
-40 to +85 °C
ESD Sensitivity (HBM)
Class 1B
ELECTROSTATIC SENSITIVE DEVICE
OBSERVE HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
11
power detectors - SMT
Power Supply Voltage (Vcc)
Outline Drawing
NOTES:
1. LEADFRAME MATERIAL: COPPER ALLOY
2. DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES [MILLIMETERS].
3. LEAD SPACING TOLERANCE IS NON-CUMULATIVE
4. PAD BURR LENGTH SHALL BE 0.15mm MAXIMUM.
PAD BURR HEIGHT SHALL BE 0.05mm MAXIMUM.
5. PACKAGE WARP SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.05mm.
6. ALL GROUND LEADS AND GROUND PADDLE MUST
BE SOLDERED TO PCB RF GROUND.
7. REFER TO HMC APPLICATION NOTE FOR SUGGESTED PCB LAND PATTERN.
Package Information
Part Number
Package Body Material
Lead Finish
HMC1021LP4E
RoHS-compliant Low Stress Injection Molded Plastic
100% matte Sn
MSL Rating
MSL1
[2]
Package Marking [1]
H1021
XXXX
[1] 4-Digit lot number XXXX
[2] Max peak reflow temperature of 260 °C
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 10
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Pin Descriptions
Power Detectors - SMT
11
11 - 11
Pin Number
Function
Description
1, 16, 21, 23
Vcc
Bias Supply. Connect supply voltage to these pins
with appropriate filtering.
2, 5, 8, 11, 12,
13, 22, 24
GND
Package bottom has an exposed metal paddle that
must be connected to RF/DC ground.
3 ,4
INP, INN
RF input pins
6
ETOUT
Linear output that provides an indication of
envelope of the input signal.
Interface Schematic
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Pin Descriptions (Continued)
Pin Number
Function
Description
7
ENX
Disable pin. Connect to GND for normal operation.
Applying voltage V>0.8xVcc will initiate power saving
mode.
Interface Schematic
9, 10
COFSA,
COFSB
Input high pass filter capacitor. Connect a capacitor
between COFSA and COFSB to determine 3 dB
point of input signal high-pass filter.
14
VSET
Set input point for controller mode.
15
RMSOUT
Logarithmic output that provides an indication of
mean square input power.
SCI1, SCI2,
SCI3, SCI4
Digital input pins that control the internal integration
time constant for mean square calculation. SCI4 is
the most significant bit. Set V>0.2xVcc to disable.
Shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed
longest integration time is for SCI=1100 (1101, 1110
and 1111 SCI settings are forbidden states). Each
step changes the integration time by 1 octave.
17, 18, 19, 20
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
power detectors - SMT
11
11 - 12
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Evaluation PCB
Power Detectors - SMT
11
List of Materials for Evaluation PCB 131352 [1]
Item
Description
J1, J2
SMA Connector
TP1 - TP9
DC Pin
C1, C10, C16
100 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C2, C5, C11, C17
100 nF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
C3, C4, C6
1000 pF Capacitor, 0402 Pkg.
R2, R13 - R15, R17
10K Ohm Resistor, 0402 Pkg.
R3, R9, R10, R12
0 Ohm Resistor, 0402 Pkg.
R5
49.9 Ohm Resistor, 0402 Pkg.
R6, R7
4.7K Ohm Resistor, 0402 Pkg.
U1
HMC1021LP4E
RMS Power Detector
PCB [2]
131349-1 Evaluation PCB
[1] Reference this number when ordering complete evaluation PCB
[2] Circuit Board Material: Rogers 4350 or Arlon 25FR
11 - 13
The circuit board used in the application should
use RF circuit design techniques. Signal lines should have 50 ohm impedance while the package
ground leads and exposed paddle should be connected directly to the ground plane similar to that
shown. A sufficient number of via holes should be
used to connect the top and bottom ground planes.
The evaluation circuit board shown is available from
Hittite upon request.
Board is configured with wideband single-ended
input interface suitable for input signal frequencies
above 100 MHz. Refer to wideband single-ended
input interface section in application information for
operating with signals below 100 MHz.
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Application Circuit
power detectors - SMT
11
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 14
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Application Information
Principle of Operation
Power Detectors - SMT
11
The HMC1021LP4E combines an RMS detector core with an Envelope Detector in a single package which is capable
of extracting envelope information of the modulated RF signal with modulation bandwidths in excess of 100 MHz. The
extracted envelope information is independent of the average power and the crest factor of the RF signal. The RMS
detector core provides a linear-in-dB output of the average RF power, whereas the envelope detector core provides
a linear representation of the instantaneous envelope waveform. The instantaneous envelope output ETOUT may be
used in ultra-fast excessive RF power protection systems, PA linearization techniques and in efficiency enhancing
Envelope-Tracking PA implementations.
The HMC1021LP4E’s RMS detector core is designed to measure the actual RMS power of the input signal,
independent of the modulated signal waveform complexity or modulation scheme. The RMS detector core architecture
of HMC1021LP4E is composed of a full-wave rectifier, log/antilog circuit, and an integrator as shown above. The
RMSOUT signal is directly proportional to the logarithm of the time-average of VIN2. The bias block also contains
temperature compensation circuits which stabilize output accuracy over the entire operating temperature range. The
DC offset cancellation circuit actively cancels internal offsets so that even very small input signal levels can be
measured accurately.
The HMC1021LP4E achieves exceptional RF power measurement accuracy independent of the modulation of the
carrier with the system architecture shown in the block diagram figure. The relation between the HMC1021LP4E’s
RMSOUT output and the RF input power is given below:
PIN = RMSOUT / [log-slope] + [log-intercept], dBm
Configuration For The Typical Application
The HMC1021LP4E is a logarithmic RMS detector that can be directly driven with a single-ended 50-Ohm RF source.
The integrated broadband single-ended input interface of HMC1021LP4E eliminates the requirement for an external
balun transformer or matching network. The HMC1021LP4E can be operated from DC to 3.9 GHz by using only
standard DC blocking capacitors. This simple input interface provides cost and PCB area reductions and increases
measurement repeatability.
11 - 15
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
The RMS output signal is typically connected to VSET through a resistive network providing a Pin -> RMSOUT
transfer characteristic slope of 33.7 mV/dBm ( at 900 MHz). However the RMS output can be re-scaled to “magnify”
a specific portion of the input sensing range, and to fully utilize the dynamic range of the RMS output. Refer to the
section under the “Log-Slope and Intercept” section for details.
Due to part-to-part variations in log-slope and log-intercept, a system-level calibration is recommended to satisfy
absolute accuracy requirements; refer to the “System Calibration” section for more details.
The HMC1021LP4E operates with a single-ended input interface and requires only two external DC blocking capacitors
and an external 50Ohm resistor. The HMC1021LP4E input
interface shown below provides a compact, broadband
solution.
Note that the provided single-ended input interface covers the whole operating spectrum of the HMC1021LP4E
and does not require matching/tuning for different frequencies. The performance of the HMC1021LP4E at different
frequencies is shown below:
power detectors - SMT
11
Broadband Single-Ended Input Interface
RMSOUT & Error vs. Pin
4
3.2
LOGOUT 100MHz
LOGOUT 900MHz
LOGOUT 1900MHz
LOGOUT 2200MHz
LOGOUT 2700MHz
LOGOUT 3500MHz
LOGOUT 3900MHz
2.8
2
2
1
0
1.6
1.2
ERR 100MHz
ERR 900MHz
ERR 1900MHz
ERR 2200MHz
ERR 2700MHz
ERR 3500MHz
ERR 3900MHz
0.8
0.4
-2
-3
-4
0
-70
-1
ERROR (dB)
RMSOUT (V)
2.4
3
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 16
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Envelope Detector Output
The HMC1021LP4E’s ETOUT output provides a linearly scaled replica of the instantaneous envelope of the modulated RF signal for modulation bandwidths up to 150 MHz. For optimum performance, the ETOUT pin of the
HMC1021LP4E should be terminated with a 560 Ω load resistor to GND. Note that any capacitive loading on the
ETOUT pin would reduce the modulation bandwidth of the envelope detection. The envelope output has a conversion
gain of 11.5V/V with an output voltage ranging from 1.2V to 2.2V.
ETOUT Bandwidth
11 - 17
2
NORMALIZED VET (dB)
Power Detectors - SMT
11
3
1
0
-1
No Cap
1.5 pF
-2
-3
0
50
100
150
200
MODULATION BANDWIDTH (MHz)
The waveform below shows the HMC1021LP4E’s envelope detector response to an RF input signal with a 100 MHz
modulation bandwidth.
ETOUT Response to an RF Input Signal
with a 100 MHz Modulation Bandwidth
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
RMS Output Interface and Transient Response
The HMC1021LP4E features digital input pins (SCI1-SCI4) that control the internal integration time constant. Output
transient response is determined by the digital integration controls, and output load conditions.
Shortest integration time is for SCI=0000, allowed longest integration time is for SCI=1100 (1101, 1110 and 1111 SCI
settings are forbidden states).
Table 1: Transient Response vs. SCI Setting [1]:
RMSOUT Rise-Time 10% -> 90% (µs) [3]
SCI4,3,2,1
Pin = 0
dBm
Pin = -20
dBm
Pin = -40
dBm
RMSOUT Rise Settling Time (µs) [2]
Pin = 0
dBm
Pin = -20
dBm
Pin = -40
dBm
RMSOUT Fall-time 100% -> 10% (µs) [4]
Pin = 0
dBm
Pin = -20
dBm
Pin = -40
dBm
0000
0.0626
0.042
0.0346
0.425
0.529
0.5806
0.9484
0.9694
0.9008
0010
0.0668
0.0444
0.078
0.4736
0.5476
0.5348
2.9932
3.12
3.0216
0100
0.072
0.064
0.648
11.748
11.254
10.89
12.252
12.094
12.786
0110
0.096
1.848
2.976
36.904
34.448
33.552
48.176
49.112
51.96
1000
5.16
9.18
9.72
130.76
119.2
114.78
194.12
199.64
201.2
1010
16.4
35.8
51.2
628.4
515.1
515.8
780.1
800
833.6
1100
81.41
123.637
229.2
2469.2
2102.801
2214
3198.8
3301.6
3358.801
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11
power detectors - SMT
Using larger values of SCI will narrow the operating bandwidth of the integrator, resulting in a longer averaging
time interval and a more filtered output signal. It will also slow the power detector’s transient response. A larger
SCI value favors output accuracy over speed. For the fastest possible transient settling times set SCI to 0000. This
configuration will operate the integrator at its widest possible bandwidth, resulting in short averaging time-interval
and an output signal with little filtering. For most applications an SCI setting may be selected to maintain a balance
between speed and accuracy. Furthermore, error performance over modulation bandwidth is dependent on the SCI
setting. For example modulations with relatively low frequency components and high crest factors may require higher
SCI (integration) settings.
11 - 18
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Rise Time[2] vs.
SCI Setting over Input Power
Rise Settling Time [3] vs.
SCI Setting over Input Power
10000
100000
-40 dBm
-20 dBm
0 dBm
100
1000
10
1
100
10
0.1
11
-40 dBm
-20 dBm
0 dBm
10000
RISE TIME (us)
RISE TIME (us)
1000
1
0.01
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
0.1
12
0
1
2
-40 dBm
-20 dBm
0 dBm
1000
100
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Following figures show how the peak-to-peak ripple
decreases with higher SCI settings along with the RF
pulse response over different modulations.
10
1
4
For increased load drive capability, consider a buffer
amplifier on the RMS output. Using an integrating
amplifier on the RMS output allows for an alternative
treatment for faster settling times. An external
amplifier optimized for transient settling can also
provide additional RMS filtering, when operating
HMC1021LP4E with a lower SCI value.
100000
10000
3
INTEGRATION SETTING (IN DECIMAL)
Fall Time [4] vs.
SCI Setting over Input Power
FALL TIME (us)
11
12
INTEGRATION SETTING (IN DECIMAL)
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
WiMAX @ SCI=0100
100
2
100
2
1.8
80
1.6
60
1.6
60
1.4
40
RF
INPUT
1.2
20
0
1
0.8
-20
0.6
-40
0.4
-60
RMSOUT
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0100
0.2
-80
-100
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
TIME (us)
1.4
RF
INPUT
1.2
40
20
0
1
0.8
-20
0.6
-40
0.4
RMSOUT
-60
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0101
0.2
-80
-100
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
TIME (us)
[1] Input signal is 1900 MHz CW -tone switched on and off
[2] Measured from 10% to 90%
[3] Measured from RF switching edge to 1dB (input referred) settling of RMSOUT.
[4] Measured from 100% to 10%
11 - 19
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
RF INPUT VOLTAGE (mV)
1.8
80
RF INPUT VOLTAGE (mV)
RMSOUT (V)
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
WiMAX @ SCI=0101
RMSOUT (V)
Power Detectors - SMT
INTEGRATION SETTING (IN DECIMAL)
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
WiBRO @ SCI=0100
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
[email protected] SCI=0110
1.6
60
1.4
40
RF
INPUT
1.2
20
0
1
0.8
-20
0.6
-40
0.4
-60
RMSOUT
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0100
1.4
RMSOUT (V)
RMSOUT (V)
80
60
0
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
0
0.8
-20
0.6
-40
RMSOUT
-100
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3.5
4
4.5
TIME (ms)
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
LTE Downlink @ SCI=0100
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
LTE Downlink @ SCI=0110
5
2.2
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.4
RMSOUT (V)
2
1.8
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.4
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0100
0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0110
0.2
1.6
1.8
0
2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
TIME (ms)
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
TIME (ms)
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
WCDMA4 @ SCI=0011
Residual Ripple for 900 MHz
WCDMA4 @ SCI=0100
2.2
11
2.2
2
2
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.6
1.4
1.4
RMSOUT (V)
RMSOUT (V)
3
TIME (ms)
2
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.4
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0011
0.2
0
-80
0
5
2.2
0
-60
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0110
0.2
-100
20
1
0.4
-80
40
RF
INPUT
1.2
RF INPUT VOLTAGE (mV)
1.8
1.6
RF INPUT VOLTAGE (mV)
1.8
0.2
RMSOUT (V)
100
2
80
power detectors - SMT
100
2
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
TIME (us)
350
SCI = 0000
SCI = 0100
0.2
400
450
500
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
TIME (us)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 20
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
LOG-Slope and Intercept
The HMC1021LP4E provides for an adjustment of output scale with the use of an integrated operational amplifier.
Logslope and intercept can be adjusted to “magnify” a specific portion of the input sensing range, and to fully utilize
the dynamic range of the RMS output.
A log-slope of 37.3 mV/dB (@1900 MHz) is set by connecting RMS Output to VSET through a resistor network for ß=1
(see application schematic).
The log-slope is adjusted by applying the appropriate resistors on the RMS and VSET pins. Log-intercept is adjusted
by applying a DC voltage to the VSET pin.
Power Detectors - SMT
11
Optimized slope = ß * log-slope
Optimized intercept = log_intercept – (RFBK /RSET ) * VBLINE
ß=
RFBK
1
2
RFBK // RSHUNT // RSET
When RFBK=0 to set RMSOUT=VSET, then ß=1/2
If RSET is not populated, then ß = ½ * (RFBK / (RFBK // RSHUNT)) and intercept is at nominal value.
Example: The logarithmic slope can be simply increased by choosing appropriate RFBK and RSHUNT values while
not populating the RSET resistor on the evaluation board to keep the intercept at nominal value.
Setting RFBK =4.7KΩ and RSHUNT = 2.2KΩ results in an optimized slope of:
Optimized Slope = ß * log_slope = 1.57* 37.3mV / dB
Optimized Slope = 58 mV / dB
Slope Adjustment
Intercept Adjustment
4.5
4.5
4
2.5
2
3.5
RMSOUT (V)
RMSOUT (V)
3
4
High Slope
Nominal
3.5
Slope = 58 mV/dB
Rset = open
Rfbk = 4.7 Kohm
Rshunt = 2.2 Kohm
1.5
Slope = 37.3 mV/dB
Rset = open
Rfbk = 4.7 Kohm
Rshunt = 4.7 Kohm
1
0.5
0
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
INPUT POWER (dBm)
11 - 21
-10
0
Rset = 24 Kohm
Rfbk = 4.7 Kohm
Rshunt = 2.2 Kohm
3
2.5
2
VBLINE = -3.2 V
VBLINE = -1.6 V
VBLINE = -0.8 V
VBLINE = 0 V
VBLINE = +0.8 V
VBLINE = +1.6 V
VBLINE = +3.2 V
1.5
1
0.5
10
0
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
DC Offset Compensation Loop
Internal DC offsets, which are input signal dependant, require continuous cancellation. Offset cancellation is a critical
function needed for maintenance of measurement accuracy and sensitivity. The DC offset cancellation loop performs
this function, and its response is largely defined by the capacitance (COFS) connected between COFSA, COFS pins.
COFS capacitor sets the loop bandwidth of the DC offset compensations. Higher COFS values are required for
measuring lower RF frequencies. The optimal loop bandwidth setting will allow internal offsets to be cancelled at a
minimally acceptable speed.
Bandwidth , Hz
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For example: loop bandwidth for DC cancellation with COFS = 1nF, bandwidth is ~62 kHz
Standby Mode
The ENX pin can be used to force the power detector into a low-power standby mode. As ENX is deactivated, power
is restored to all of the circuits. There is no memory of previous conditions. Coming out of stand by mode, internal
integration and COFS capacitors will require recharging, so if large SCI values have been chosen, the wake-up time
will be lengthened.
Modulation Performance – Crest factor performance
The HMC1021LP4E is able to detect the average power of RF signals with complex modulation schemes with
exceptional accuracy. The proprietary RMS detection core is optimized to accurately detect the RMS power of the
modulated RF signals with very high crest factors. This crest factor immune detection architecture of HMC1021LP4E
results in detection accuracy of better than 0.2 dB over the entire operating frequency and temperature range,
compared with the CW response under actual WCDMA4TM test signals shown below:
Reading Error for WCDMA 4 Carrier wrt
CW Response @ 2200 MHz
1
1
0.8
0.8
0.6
0.6
0.4
0.4
ERROR (dB)
ERROR (dB)
Reading Error for WCDMA 4 Carrier wrt
CW Response @ +25 °C
0.2
0
-0.2
100MHz
900MHz
1900MHz
2200MHz
2700MHz
3500MHz
3900MHz
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
INPUT POWER (dBm)
power detectors - SMT
DC Offset Cancellation Loop ≈ 0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
+25C
+85C
-40C
-0.6
-0.8
-10
0
10
-1
-70
-60
-50
-40
-30
-20
-10
0
10
INPUT POWER (dBm)
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11 - 22
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
RMSOUT Error vs.
Crest Factor over Frequency
RMSOUT READING ERROR (dB)
0.5
11
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-0.1
-0.2
900 MHz error from CW (-22 dBm)
1900 MHz error from CW (-22 dBm)
2700 MHz error from CW (-19 dBm)
3900 MHz error from CW (-24 dBm)
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Power Detectors - SMT
INPUT SIGNAL CREST FACTOR (dB)
System Calibration
Due to part-to-part variations in log-slope and log-intercept, a system-level calibration is recommended to satisfy
absolute accuracy requirements. When performing this calibration, two test points near the top end and bottom-end
of the desired detection dynamic range should be chosen. It is best to measure the calibration points in the regions
(of frequency and amplitude) where accuracy is most important. The log-slope and log-intercept parameters should
be derived and then stored in nonvolatile memory. These parameters relate the RMSOUT output voltage reading of
HMC1021LP4 to the actual RMS power level as shown below:
PIN = RMSOUT / [log-slope] + [log-intercept], dBm
The derivation procedure of the log-slope and log-intercept parameters is elaborated below:
For example if the following two calibration points were measured at 2.2 GHz:
With RMSOUT = 2.0338V at Pin = -10 dBm,
and RMSOUT = 0.5967V at Pin = -50 dBm
slope calibration constant = SCC
SCC = = (-50+10)/(0.5967-2.0338) =27.83 dB/V
intercept calibration constant = ICC
ICC = Pin – SCC *RMSO UT = -10 – 27.83 * 2.0338 = -66.60 dBm
Now performing a power measurement at -30 dBm:
RMSOUT measures 1.3089V
[Measured Pin] = [Measured RMSOUT]*SCC + ICC
[Measured Pin] = 1.3089*27.83 – 66.60 = -30.17 dBm
An error of only 0.17 dB
Factory system calibration measurements should be made using an input signal representative of the application. If
the power detector is intended to operate over a wide range of frequencies, then a central frequency should be chosen
for calibration.
11 - 23
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
HMC1021LP4E
v02.0511
RMS POWER DETECTOR &
ENVELOPE TRACKER, DC - 3.9 GHz
Layout Considerations
• Mount RF input coupling capacitors close to the INP and INP pins.
• Solder the heat slug on the package underside to a grounded island which can draw heat away from the die with
low thermal impedance. The grounded island should be at RF ground potential.
• Connect power detector ground to the RF ground plane, and mount the supply decoupling capacitors close
to the supply pins.
Definitions
• Log-intercept: x-axis intercept of PIN –> RMSOUT transfer characteristic. In units of dBm.
• RMS Output Error: The difference between the measured PIN and actual PIN using a line of best fit.
[measured_PIN] = [measured_ RMSOUT] / [best-fit-slope] + [best-fit-intercept], dBm
• Input Dynamic Range: the range of average input power for which there is a corresponding RMS output
voltage with “RMS Output Error” falling within a specific error tolerance.
• Crest Factor: Peak power to average power ratio for time-varying signals.
For price, delivery and to place orders: Hittite Microwave Corporation, 20 Alpha Road, Chelmsford, MA 01824
Phone: 978-250-3343
Fax: 978-250-3373
Order On-line at www.hittite.com
Application Support: Phone: 978-250-3343 or [email protected]
11
power detectors - SMT
• Log-slope: slope of PIN –> RMSOUT transfer characteristic. In units of mV/dB
11 - 24
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