Bacteria Remediation for Diseases Detectives Completion: Complete each statement. 1. A spiral-shaped bacterium is called a(n) ____________________. 2. A round-shaped bacterium is called a(n) ____________________. 3. A rod-shaped bacterium is called a(n) ____________________. 4. Structurally, bacteria have one of two types of ____________________ that can be distinguished by the Gram stain. 5. The cell walls of bacteria are composed of ____________________, a protein-carbohydrate compound. 6. Bacteria that get both energy and nutrients from other organisms are ____________________. 7. Protective structures that some bacteria may form under harsh conditions are ____________________. 8. A disease-causing agent is a(n) ____________________. 9. The most common way bacteria cause disease is by producing poisonous chemicals called _________, but they can also harm living ____. 10. A(n) ____________________ is a substance that inhibits the growth of or kills microorganisms and can be used as a drug to fight pathogenic bacteria. 11. What are the two major groups of prokaryotes? Short Answer 12. Describe antibiotic resistance, explain how it developments and discuss the impact it has had in treating diseases/infections. 13. Compare and contrast prokaryotes and eukaryotes. 14. Draw and i.d. the parts of a bacterial cell. 15. Explain how gram positive and gram negative bacteria different? 16. Describe how antibiotics work. 17. Compare and contrast gram + and gram – bacteria. Discuss in relation to how antibiotics affect the bacteria differently.