Learning objectives Motivation Typical course goal: Understand the analysis and design of hydraulic structures Typical professor question: “Does everyone understand?” Typical student response: (Silence) Goals vs. objectives Goal: Long-range, “big picture” desire Example: To clean up the Raccoon River watershed Goals vs. objectives Objectives: Specific steps to achieve the goal Examples: 1. Monitor water quality in the watershed 2. Determine whether bacterial contamination arises from human or animal sources 3. Develop a total maximum daily load 4. Assist unsewered communities in treating sewage Exercise How might learning objectives help students and professors? Bloom’s taxonomy 1. Knowledge: Recalling information Ex: list, identify, outline, define 2. Comprehension: Grasping basic meaning Ex: explain, describe, interpret, distinguish 3. Application: Using information to solve new problems Ex: apply, calculate, compute, solve 4. Analysis: Identifying relationships between parts Ex: classify, derive, explain 5. Synthesis: Establishing new relationships between ideas Ex: formulate, design, create 6. Evaluation: Judging the value Ex: determine, optimize, evaluate, select, justify Exercise 1. Knowledge: a. How would you improve the internal combustion engine? 2. Comprehension: b. Who has the better basketball team—ISU or Texas Tech? Why? 3. Application: c. What is a derivative (in terms a non-technical person can understand)? 4. Analysis: d. What are the “Ten Essentials” of hiking? 5. Synthesis: e. Why does one feel warm in 70oF water and cold in 70oF air? 6. Evaluation: f. What is the intensity of a 24-hour storm with a 10-year return period for Ames? Example: structural engineering 1. Knowledge Define deflection, load, moment, moment of inertia, Young’s modulus, etc. ? Example: structural engineering 2. Comprehension Explain Young’s modulus to a non-technical person. Example: structural engineering 3. Application Compute the deflection of a beam with given load, properties, and end conditions. x y Example: structural engineering 4. Analysis Derive the equation for the deflection of a beam with given loading and end conditions. Example: structural engineering 5. Synthesis Design a structure to meet given criteria. Example: structural engineering 6. Evaluation Choose between several proposed structures to meet given criteria. ? Exercise Write learning objectives for all six levels for • Music teachers • Football coaches • Cooking instructors • Preschool teachers Literature review 1. Knowledge: Who has worked on this problem? What did they do? 2. Comprehension: What did previous researchers find? 3. Application: How do those results apply to your problem? 4. Analysis: What do the results of a particular paper mean for the more general problem? 5. Synthesis: What remains to be discovered regarding the more general problem? 6. Evaluation: What is the best method for advancing the field?