Speaker: Title: Abstract: Sophisticated algorithms have been developed for representing and recognizing objects

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Speaker: Xiang Li
Title:Autonomous Learning of Object Models on Mobile Robots using Visual Cues
Abstract: Sophisticated algorithms have been developed for representing and recognizing objects
based on a variety of visual cues. However, for deployment in real-world domains characterized by
partial observability and unforeseen dynamic changes, mobile robots require the ability to
autonomously, reliably and efficiently learn and revise object models. This paper describes an approach
that enables a mobile robot to autonomously learn probabilistic models of environmental objects using
the complementary properties of local, global and temporal visual cues. Learning is triggered by
motion cues and interesting image regions are identified by tracking and clustering salient (local) image
gradient features across a sequence of images. These interesting regions are considered to correspond to
candidate objects, which are modeled as: (a) relative spatial arrangement of gradient features; (b)
graphical models of neighborhoods of gradient features; (c) parts-based representation of image
segments; (d) color distribution statistics; and (e) probabilistic models of local context. A generative
model is designed for information fusion and an energy minimization algorithm is used to efficiently
recognize learned objects in novel scenes. All algorithms are evaluated on wheeled robots in indoor and
outdoor domains.
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