Science from Above Dr. Katy Börner

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Science from Above
Dr. Katy Börner
Information Visualization Laboratory, Director
Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center, Director
School of Library and Information Science
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
AMSE, January 3rd, 2008
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The Problem:
Being Lost in Space
15th Century: One person can make major contributions to many areas of science
Mankind’s Knowledge
use
Human Brain
contribute
Amount of knowledge
on brain can mange
Leonardo Da Vinci
(1452-1519)
2
20th Century: One person can make major contributions to a few areas of science
Mankind’s Knowledge
use
Human Brain
contribute
Amount of knowledge
on brain can mange
Albert Einstein
(1879-1955 )
21th Century: One person can make major contributions to a specific area of science
Mankind’s Knowledge
use
Human Brain
contribute
Amount of knowledge
on brain can mange
3
21th Century: One person can make major contributions to a specific area of science
Mankind’s Knowledge
use
Human Brains
contribute
Amount of knowledge
on brain can mange
Manager
Domain Expert
Humanity’s Knowledge
4
The Great Wave Off Kanagawa (Katsushika Hokusai, 1760-1849)
A Solution:
Science Maps
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Places & Spaces: Mapping
Science
a science exhibit that introduces
people to maps of sciences,
their makers and users.
Exhibit Curators:
Dr. Katy Börner &
Deborah MacPherson
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The Power of Maps
Four Early Maps of Our World
VERSUS
Six Early Maps of Science
(1st Iteration of Places & Spaces Exhibit - 2005)
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How would a map of science look?
What metaphors would work best?
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The Power of Reference Systems
Four Existing Reference Systems
VERSUS
Six Potential Reference Systems of Science
(2nd Iteration of Places & Spaces Exhibit - 2006)
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How would a reference system for all of
science look?
What dimensions would it have?
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Illuminated Diagram Display
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bXABcOABG4E
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The Power of Forecasts
Four Existing Forecasts
VERSUS
Six Potential Science ‘Weather’ Forecasts
(3rd Iteration of Places & Spaces Exhibit - 2007)
http://www.scotese.com/
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http://www.weather.gov
Named Storms, available online at http://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/vis/a000000/a003200/a003279
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Science Maps for
Economic Decision Making
Four Existing Maps
VERSUS
Six Science Maps
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
(4th Iteration of Places & Spaces Exhibit - 2008)
A Potential Future:
Science Maps in Action
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KIDS first …
All maps of science are on sale via
http://scimaps.org/ordermaps/
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Science Puzzle Map for Kids by Fileve Palmer, Julie Smith, Elisha Hardy and Katy Börner, Indiana University, 2006.
(Base map taken from Illuminated Diagram display by Kevin Boyack, Richard Klavans, and W. Bradford Paley.)
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Activities:
Solve the puzzle.
Navigate to ‘Earth Science’.
Identify major inventions.
Place major inventors.
Find your dream job on the map.
Why is mathematics important?
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Winners @ AMSE
JoHanna Sanders, age 12, a picture of someone enjoying nature
and a theme that science is all around us.
Sascha Richey, age 8, drew a picture of her mother and explained
why her mother is her favorite scientist.
… my SPONSORS next …
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Latest ‘Base Map’ of Science
Kevin W. Boyack & Richard Klavans, unpublished work.
¾ Uses combined SCI/SSCI
from 2002
• 1.07M papers, 24.5M
references, 7,300 journals
• Bibliographic coupling of
papers, aggregated to
journals
¾ Initial ordination and
clustering of journals gave 671
clusters
¾ Coupling counts were
reaggregated at the journal
cluster level to calculate the
• (x,y) positions for each
journal cluster
• by association, (x,y)
positions for each journal
Math
Law
Policy
Computer Tech
Statistics
Economics
CompSci
Vision
Education
Phys-Chem
Chemistry
Physics
Psychology
Brain
Environment
Psychiatry
GeoScience
MRI
Biology
BioMaterials
BioChem
Microbiology
Plant
Cancer
Animal
Disease &
Treatments
Virology
Infectious Diseases
Science map applications: Identifying core competency
Kevin W. Boyack & Richard Klavans, unpublished work.
Funding patterns of the US Department of Energy (DOE)
Math
Law
Computer Tech
Policy
Statistics
Economics
CompSci
Vision
Education
Phys-Chem
Chemistry
Physics
Psychology
Brain
Environment
Psychiatry
GeoScience
MRI
Biology
GI
BioMaterials
BioChem
Microbiology
Plant
Cancer
Animal
Virology
Infectious Diseases
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Science map applications: Identifying core competency
Kevin W. Boyack & Richard Klavans, unpublished work.
Funding Patterns of the National Science Foundation (NSF)
Math
Law
Computer Tech
Policy
Statistics
Economics
CompSci
Vision
Education
Phys-Chem
Chemistry
Physics
Psychology
Brain
Environment
GeoScience
Psychiatry
MRI
Biology
GI
BioMaterials
BioChem
Microbiology
Plant
Cancer
Animal
Virology
Infectious Diseases
Science map applications: Identifying core competency
Kevin W. Boyack & Richard Klavans, unpublished work.
Funding Patterns of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Math
Law
Computer Tech
Policy
Statistics
Economics
CompSci
Vision
Education
Phys-Chem
Chemistry
Physics
Psychology
Brain
Environment
Psychiatry
GeoScience
MRI
Biology
GI
BioMaterials
BioChem
Microbiology
Plant
Cancer
Animal
Virology
Infectious Diseases
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… then SCIENTISTS …
Mapping the Evolution of Co-Authorship Networks
Ke, Visvanath & Börner, (2004) Won 1st price at the IEEE InfoVis Contest.
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Bruce W. Herr II, Gully Burns (USC), David Newman (UCI), Society for Neuroscience, 2006
Visual Browser, 2007, http://scimaps.org/maps/neurovis/
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Bruce W. Herr II, Gully Burns (USC), David Newman (UCI), Society for Neuroscience, 2006
Visual Browser, 2007, http://scimaps.org/maps/neurovis/
Bruce W. Herr II, Gully Burns (USC), David Newman (UCI), Society for Neuroscience, 2006
Visual Browser, 2007, http://scimaps.org/maps/neurovis/
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Bruce W. Herr II, Gully Burns (USC), David Newman (UCI), Society for Neuroscience, 2006
Visual Browser, 2007, http://scimaps.org/maps/neurovis/
Bruce W. Herr II, Gully Burns (USC), David Newman (UCI), Society for Neuroscience, 2006
Visual Browser, 2007, http://scimaps.org/maps/neurovis/
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Bruce W. Herr II, Gully Burns (USC), David Newman (UCI), Society for Neuroscience, 2006
Visual Browser, 2007, http://scimaps.org/maps/neurovis/
… and INDUSTRY too.
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Mapping Indiana’s Intellectual Space
Identify
¾ Pockets of innovation
¾ Pathways from ideas to products
¾ Interplay of industry and academia
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Interested to get your own science map?
Contact the map makers!
[email protected]
http://ella.slis.indiana.edu/~katy
http://scimaps.org
http://ivl.slis.indiana.edu
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The End.
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