“Author of Things Fall Apart, dies after brief illness”
Chinua Achebe, 1930-2013
By Robyn Dixon (Los Angeles Times)
He was often called the father of African literature.
Acclaimed Nigerian author Chinua Achebe, who wrote “Things Fall Apart,” died Friday after a brief illness. He was 82.
Achebe, often called the father of African literature was best known for “Things Fall Apart,” about the Igbo (Ibo) culture and the impact of colonialism in Africa.
The novel, published in 1958, sold more than 12 million copies and was translated into dozens of languages.
His last book, last year’s “There Was a Country: A Personal History of Biafra,” was about the
Biafran region’s failed war of independence and resulting famine.
In 2007, he was awarded the Man Booker prize for his life’s work.
Achebe’s family issued a statement calling him one of the great literary voices of his time.
“He was also a beloved father, uncle and grandfather, whose wisdom and courage inspired all who knew him,” the statement said.
The Nelson Mandela Center of Memory on Friday sent condolences to Achebe’s family, describing him as “a great African writer and thinker.”
The center’s namesake, former South African President Nelson Mandela, “referred to professor
Achebe as a writer ‘in whose company the prison walls fell down,’” said a spokesman for the center, Sello Hatang.
It was not immediately clear where Achebe had died.
Achebe lived in America after suffering a car accident in 1990 that lect him in a wheelchair, paralyzed from the waist down.
Achebe, who was professor of African studies at Brown University, loved and missed Nigeria immensely but condemned its authorities and widespread government corruption.
He twice rejected Nigerian attempts to honor him, most recently in 2011.
Achebe’s death was announced by a spokesman for the government in his home state of
Nigerian president Goodluck Jonathon on Friday called Achebe “a cultural icon.” Achebe’s frank, truthful and fearless interventions in national affairs will be greatly missed at home in Nigeria,” he said in a statement.
“Author of Things Fall Apart, dies after brief illness”
What is the
of this passage? a.
Chinua Achebe wrote and published Things Fall Apart b.
Chinua Achebe, the author of things Fall Apart, a Nigerian novel, died at 82 years old. c.
Chinua Achebe’s legacy goes beyond his novel, and includes his positive impact on society. d.
Chinua Achebe won many awards and accolades for his wisdom and great writing skills.
did the author use in presenting information about
Achebe’s impact as an author? a.
He goes in chronological order, beginning with Achebe’s childhood, and moving b.
through adulthood, to his untimely death.
He uses excerpts from Achebe’s novel Things Fall Apart to support his claims of
Achebe’s artistic mastery.
He uses long sentences and very complex words to get his point across about
Chinua Achebe’s greatness. d.
He uses quotes from people whose lives have been deeply affected by Achebe to prove his worth.
Using context what is the
definition of the word “icon” in paragraph 15? a.
a father b.
a genius c.
a symbol d.
, what is the
definition of the word “
” in paragraph 12? a.
, what is an
for the word “
” in paragraph 16? a.
What is the
for using the
by Nelson Mandela in paragraph
to inform the reader that Achebe helped Mandela get out of prison b.
to emphasize how liberating Achebe’s words are c.
to criticize Achebe’s uses of violence and bondage in his works d.
to emphasize the subtle irony Achebe adds to his writing
Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathon, on Friday, called Chinua Achebe, “a cultural icon.” By using context, what is the best meaning of the phrase “
a creator of African culture a genius about African culture b.
a symbol of African culture a protector of African culture
the reason why Chinua Achebe ‘. . . twice rejected Nigerian attempts to honor him, most recently in 2011.”? a.
He had always rejected his Nigerian heritage. b.
He had a distaste for his Igbo/Ibo roots since he is a Christian. c.
He did not want to visit his homeland since England colonized it. d.
He did not agree with the corruption in the Nigerian government.
Constructive Response Questions:
Analyze the importance of Chinua Achebe as an author to, Africa, African literature and/or the world. Use textual evidence to support your ideas.
In the article, Chinua Achebe is twice called, “. . . the father of African literature.”
Analyze what this means. Explain this statement citing textual evidence from the passage.
Literature-Common Core (Tested) Goals
R1 Cite textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences from the text.
textual evidence, infer
, how it develops, emerges and is shaped and refined by the text.
develop over a text, interact with other characters and advance the
and /or develop the
character, characterization, dialogue, dialect, epiphany, plot, subplot
Determine the meaning of words and phrases including figurative and connotative meanings and analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices (
) on meaning and
diction, tone, syntax, connotation, denotation, figurative language,
idiom, epiphany, vocabulary in context, round and flat character, dynamic and static character,
Analyze author’s choices about text structure, order of events, and manipulating time, and how these elements create effects (on the reader).
mood, suspense, flashback
Analyze a particular
point of view
or cultural experience.
Informational-Common Core (Tested) Goals
R1 Cite strong thorough textual evidence to support what the text says explicitly and
R3 inferentially (implicitly).
(not theme) and analyze its development over the text, how it emerges and how it is shaped and refined by specific details.
Analyze how the author unfolds an analysis or series of ideas or events including the
R8 order in which points are made, how they are introduced and developed and connection that are drawn between them.
Determine the meaning of words and phrases used in a text including figurative language and the impact on
meaning and tone
. (connotative and denotative)
Analyze in detail how an author’s ideas or claims are developed or refined by particular sentences, paragraphs or large portions of a text.
author’s point of view
or purpose and how an author uses
c to advance the point of view or purpose.
- When an author makes the opposite point or presents the opposite idea
English II EOC Test Taking Tips
Read every passage and every part of the passage including the title (first, before the questions).
Read the questions carefully.
Read each answer choice carefully.
Choose the BEST answer.
Take your time. (You have 4 hours.)
Vocabulary in Context Skills
Use context (the words around an unknown word).
Look for clues from the author (definitions or synonyms nearby).
Use word etymology, prefixes, or suffixes.
EOC question identifiers assumption compare contrast connect convey correspond describe develop enhance establish evidence explain impact infer imply justify reveal summary significance cause and effect effect of the . . . purpose of the . . . which quote or sentence represents. . . how does the author develop. . . how does the author show the importance of. . .
Constructed Response Tips
Proofread your response, especially after you are finished with the test.
the constructed response questions.
Use the literary term and/or key words in the question.
Provide textual evidence to support your answer. Use quotes.
More writing is better than less writing. Too much writing is better than too little.
Never get a 0 on constructive response. Always define the literary term in the question. Then use examples from text to elaborate on the idea/point.
Examples of Constructed Response Questions
Explain the theme, how it is introduced, and how it developed in the passage.
Analyze the author’s tone in the passage. Cite textual evidence of the tone.
Analyze the language in the passage. Analyze how the author uses language to
convey the theme or tone. Cite textual evidence.
Analyze the imagery in the passage Explain the author’s purpose for using imagery
(or the effect the author creates).
How does the author use language to advance point of view, purpose, suspense, diction, imagery, etc.
English II Literary Terms
anachronism antagonist archetype caricature- an exaggerated characteristic of a person meant to ridicule or demean him/her
irony (verbal irony-sarcasm, dramatic irony
person limited narrator
person omniscient narrator
sarcasm-the use of ironic language usu. intended to ridicule, be humorous, or criticize
stream of consciousness
-conflict that takes place in the story that is not part of the main conflict
syntax-the order of words in a phrase or sentence
tragic flaw-see hamartia
catharsis- audience learns from the flaw of the tragic hero, purging=spiritual renewal
hamartia-to miss the mark, tragic flaw/weakness that causes the protagonists downfall
in medias res
why the author writes the passage a) b) to critique to entertain c) to inform d) to persuade
author’s Point of View=narrator
, 3 rd
person limited, 3 rd
person omniscient) Why? What effect?
figurative language- simile, metaphor, hyperbole, personification
SL 1 a,b,c,d
RI 5 W3 a,b,c,d,e SL 1 a,b,c,d
SL 1 a,b,c,d
Many speeches are examples of persuasion; persuasive techniques are the methods that a speaker or a writer uses to appeal to and convince the audience. Most speeches use a mixture of persuasive appeals.
builds a well-reasoned argument based on evidence such as facts, statistics, or expert testimony and usually follows a sensible progression of ideas. a) Induction- involves the compiling of evidence/reasons/examples that support an b) argument: the amassing of reasons. Usu. the more evidence the better, but often three good reasons or examples will do
Deduction-involves premises or statements upon which all parties agree, which, when considered logically, lead to a strong conclusi on
attempts to arouse the audience’s feelings, often by using rhetorical devices that evoke an emotional response.
is directed at the audience’s sense of morality or values. This type of appeal is often linked to the audience’s perception of the trustworthiness and moral character of the speaker or writer. a) b)
Divine Good- from God or other deity
Social Good- from society as a whole c) d)
Individual Good- this will help me and/or others
Virtuous Good (intrinsic, good for its own sake)- because it is the right thing to do
Rhetoric (Aristotle’s Definition)- to produce conviction (strong belief or agreement), especially among common men, in legislation, law and ceremonial speeches.
Rhetorical Devices – effective speeches/writing typically include rhetorical devices; special patterns of words and ideas that create emphasis and stir the audience’s emotions thus convincing the audience to agree with the speaker
Repetition- restating an idea using the same words emphasis or importance, to make memorable, focuses on specific concepts
Restatement- expressing the same idea in different words to clarify ideas or concepts, to make the information understandable by different people, memorable
Parallelism- repeating a grammatical structure to organize and connect ideas
Antithesis/Juxtaposition- using strongly contrasting words, images, or ideas to emphasize an idea or concept
(“It was the
of times, it was the
of times, it was the epoch of
, it was the epoch of
, it was the season
, it was the season of
, it was the spring of
, it was the winter of
, we had
everything before us
, we had
nothing before us
, we were all going direct to
, we were all going
direct the other way
…”A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens)
Rhetorical questions- asking questions with obvious answers to make people think, to make an obvious point, grabs and refocuses the attention of the audience
Allusion- a reference to a literary text or an event to connect ideas, to present information to the audience in familiar terms
Diction- word choice, the use of specific words or phrases specific or certain words have different effects on different people; powerful, thoughtprovoking,emotional, direct, subtle, infer/imply