Designs for Online Learning Internet-based communication, collaboration…and community INST 5240 Mimi Recker Utah State University Internet Communications Tools Location Same Same Time Different Different Issues in Online Communication o o o o o Mailing-lists vs. bulletin boards: pros and cons? Chat tools: pros and cons? Non-anonymous vs. pseudoanonymous vs anonymous: pros and cons? Privacy and monitoring? Role of moderators? Representing discussions o Star structure o Tree/threaded structure o Linear (date, subject or person sorted) Representing discussions o o To cope with increasing number of threads, people may specialize Specialization can lead to community a fragmentation aa b c d Video/Audio Conferencing o Conferencing over Internet: o o o o o o Streaming Point-to-point Multi-point Applications often include chat, whiteboard, application sharing, video/audio conferencing. Examples: Netmeeting, CU-SeeMe, Sorensen Vision, ProShare, … Personal experiences? How to make a site “sticky”? o o o o o o Design for: Active participation Interactive learning, peer discussions and exchange Multiple perspectives Navigation: spatial metaphor to ease the transition from face2face Others? Design for Learning Communities “People in virtual communities do just about everything people do in real life but we leave our bodies behind.” --H. Rheingold Implications for design? Design for Learning Communities o Create a shared participatory experience: o o o o o o o A shared understood goal Mutual respect, tolerance, and trust Continuous but not continual communication Use formal and informal environments Use outsiders for complementary insights and information Example: www.tappedin.org How does it create community?