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University of Oulu
Department of Information
Processing Science
© Eeva Leinonen, TTeC06 12 – 14. June 2006
ARE WE SENSITIVE ENOUGH
FOR THE WEAK SIGNALS OF
FENOMENONS IN ICT
DICIPLINE?
TTeC06, Tromso
© Eeva Leinonen,
Content
 The Weak Signals
 The Kainuu Experiment
 Smart Living Environment for the Senior Sitizen (SESC)
What is Weak Signal (Brian Coffman, 1997)
1. An idea or trend that will affect how we do business,
and the environment in which we will work.
2. New and surprising from the signal receiver’s vantage point.
3. Sometimes difficult to track down amid other noise and signal.
4. A threat or opportunity to your organization.
5. Often scoffed at by people who ”know”.
6. Usually has a substantial lag time before it will mature and
become mainstream.
7. Therefore represents an opportunity to learn, grow and evolve.
Weak Signals
Communications 17 July 2003
The Kainuu Experiment
Kilpisjärvi
Oulu
Inhabitants in Kainuu: 86 573
Communications 17 July 2003
The goal of the Kainuu Experiment
• to ensure health care, social services and
educational services for all citizens in Kainuu
• to gain experiences of the effects of the regional
self-government enforcement on regional development work
• to better focus regional development activities
• to gain the relationship between different vendor
like the regional and the state central government
• to create new enterprises and job
• to adopt new and better practises
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Dimension Strenghts
Weaknesses
Opportunities
Threats
Ageing
Tacit knowledge
motivation
Physiological
Solvent, active
changes, limited seniors,
activities
motivation
Weakened care,
relationship,
ethicality
IT
Know-how,
org. boundaries
Lack of
standards
Ubi, coefficient
of contingency
No humanity
National
economy
Health/wealthcare
programs,
benchmarking
Lack of payers,
producers
Third sector
Expensive call
work, preventive centers
long dist.care
Work
processes
Seamless service
chain, no overrun
Modeling
problems
Convergence
Fragmented
Culture
Human autonomy
Bloc/hierachy
Life style
Authority
Customer
Helps everyday life,
welfare
Unusability
Preventive long
distance care
Insecurity,
privacy
Constituencies
Local-research
know-how, partnership
Unfamiliarity of
activities of
medical science
Cooperation +
synergy
Cultural
differences,
attitude
Smart Living Environment
for Senior Citizen
Funded by Academy of Finland (2006-2009)
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Research framework and
cooperation
Smart
Living Environment
physical
Social
psychological
Daily
environment
Aging and
compensation
Social
Science
Architecture
Geriatrics
Community
Planning
Behavioural
pattern elicitation
Scenarios
Health Care
Assessment
Information
Processing
Information
Technology
Medical
Technology
Tele Health Care
Multidisciplinary Framework
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Research Methods
SESC Project Management and Coordination (WP5)
Lead contactor: ODL and TOL
WP1
WP2
Ageing,
Extended
adaptation and home and daily
compensation
environment
Lead
Lead
contactor:
contactor:
ODL
ARK
WP3
Behavioural
pattern
elicitation
Lead
contactor:
TOL
WP4
Requirements
and scenarios
Lead
contactor:
LTEK
Overview of the SESC project
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Research Approach
 Metaphorically “Village in modern urban
environment”
• Scientifically “Ubiquitous Augmented Reality Village”
 Scenario-based design
 Technical system
(to be specified and developed…)
• Real-time, context sensitive support system for
communication
• Ubiquitous
(WLAN, location-based, RFID, Wireless-USB)
• Mobile personal secure information storage
(ontology-based)
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Research Approach cont.
• Shared cognitive space
• Memory support functions (camera record/replay/browse)
• Shared calendar/schedule driven daily living-process
support
• Transition conditions/actions between living-processes
• Living-process -based visual/audio annotations
• Natural augmented reality user interface
(eyeglass/hearing aid)
• Wearable smartphone platform
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Objectives
Enable senior citizens to lead an independent life
physical or cognitive impairment, feeling of insecurity,
loneliness, dementia
Critical analysis and identification of care needs and
requirements of senior citizens for living environments.
A through understanding of ageing process and
adaptation.
A framework for behavioral pattern elicitation and
process modeling.
Establishment of prototype scenarios of daily health
monitoring and control activities for senior citizens.
Identification possible medical and telehealth care
technologies for senior citizens.
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The elderly studies
 Mutual inspiration (Eisma et al. 2003)
 Sosial, emotional and environmental
factors (Hirsh et al. 2003)
 Bodystorming (Oulasvirta 2004,
Tiitta 2003)
 Focus group (Lines and Hone 2002,
Oulasvirta 2004)
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Questions

Affairs chain (fact)



Prevents and problems (feeling)



What kind of affairs you have done?
Do you have needed any aid?
How is the movement changed?
Why are the certain places worth to visit and the other no?
Features of the new technology (creation)


Do you use mobile phone?
What is the issues that prevent to use new technology?
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Values






Security
Unti-wasteful
Importance of the social contacts
Avoiding to ” trifles ”
Keeping up dignity
Independence and capability to
control his/her own life
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Scenarios
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Future work
Pay attention the following criteria:
 Effectiveness
the technology should cause a clear improvement to current practice
 Efficiency
the technology should be easy and fast to use
 Timing
availability exactly when needed (& where needed)
 Security
the need for trust is emphasized when the elderly are the user group
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Future work cont.
 Customer centered
ease of use and social acceptability are some of these criteria
 Fairness
the technology should be accessible to the disabled
 Generality
(where applicable) the technology should be accessible also
to others than the elderly
 Aesthetics
the design should not emphasize the users’ possible disabilities
Communications 17 July 2003
Questions?
sesc.oulu.fi
More Information: eeva.lei[email protected]
Communications 17 July 2003
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