Industrial Inventions & Rev. in UK & Advances Europe Impact of The IR Reforms of The IR Economic Theories 1pt 1 pt 1 pt 1pt 1 pt 2 pt 2 pt 2pt 2pt 2 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 3 pt 4 pt 4 pt 4pt 4 pt 4pt 5pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt 5 pt This was the first industry to industrialize. What is the textile industry? 1 These two continental European countries worked with England to learn industrial techniques. What were Belgium and Germany? 2 These are the three factors of production. What are land, labor & capital? 3 This is the name of the practice of wealthy English landowners to experiment in part of their fields to increase efficiency. What are enclosures? 4 List four reasons why England was the first European country to industrialize. What were… (1) Entrepreneurs (2) Expanding economy (3) Sophisticated finance (banking) system (4) Form of government (5) Climate of progress? 5 This was arguably the single most important invention of the Industrial Revolution, because it powered so many things, from railroads and ships to factories. What is the steam engine? 1 This was an agricultural advance that involved moving grains to different fields to increase production and avoid exhausting the soil. What is crop rotation? 2 This was a location where expensive machinery was united with workers to produce goods. What is a factory? 3 These are four textile industry inventions that were part of our Industrial Revolution game AND part of our review of that industry in class. What are … 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 4 Flying shuttle Spinning jenny Spinning mule Steam Powered loom Water Frame? These are four effects of the development of railroads. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 5 What are … Spurred economic growth Creation of 1000s of jobs Boosted agricultural production Made migration easier Killed canal industry Complete the following sentence: “The rich got richer and the poor…” What is “got poorer”? 1 As the industrial revolution progressed, economic power was concentrated in the hands of these two regions or continents. What are Europe and America? 2 These are three of the dangers of working conditions in Industrial Revolution-era workplaces, mills, and mines. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)3 What are … no safety devices Few / no windows No heat during the winter Textile / mine workers developed lung conditions Dangers to steel workers Cave ins, for miners This is the explanation as to how imperialism developed from the Industrial Revolution. What is industrialized nations needed raw materials to make their goods and vast markets to sell their products; non-industrialized countries fit both those needs? 4 DAILY DOUBLE!!! Pick another question / category and the points of that question will be DOUBLED!!! DAILY DOUBLE!!!. 5 This law made it illegal for women or children to work more than ten hours in a day. What is the Ten Hours Act? 1 Poor people lived in the inner part of cities, in these buildings (it is a synonym for apartment building). What were tenements? 2 This is what the Mines Act did. What is forbid women and children from working underground? 3 The first groups to organize in the labor movement formed these kinds of organizations, based around their occupation. What were trade unions? 4 These are the options available to workers to protest against their employers, AND the options available to an employer in response (two part answer: options for workers and options for employers). What is / are . . . Workers: strike or slow down production; Employers: give in to demands or suffer loss of production (fire workers is ok)? 5 “Workers of the world, unite!” is a slogan for believers in this economic theory. What is communism? 1 This is the literal translation of “laissez faire”, from French. What is “hands off”? 2 Achieving this idea is socialism’s goal or aim; it justifies that theory’s belief that government should control key industries in an economy. What is social justice? 3 These are the three “natural laws” of Adam Smith’s “Wealth of Nations.” What are … 1) People work for their own benefit 2) Competition (forces people to make better goods) 3) Supply and demand? 4 This is the process by which Marx and Engels believed that a communist society would be achieved in an industrialized society. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5 What is … Big business would destroy the bourgeoisie A few capitalists would control all wealth Proletariat would revolt State would wither away?