Looking at “The Raven” & “Annabel Lee” Page 360 Before writing “The Raven,” Poe asked himself the question, “Of all melancholy topics, what, according to the universal understanding of mankind, is most melancholy?” His answer: death. He then decided that the most poetic version of melancholy is the death of a beautiful woman. This topic is what the speaker ponders in “The Raven,” and his sorrow is embodied by the poem’s title character. Like much of Poe’s writing, the poem explores one aspect of the dark side of human nature—in this case, what Poe called “that species of despair which delights in selftorture.” Poe wrote a poem titled “Lenore” Guy de Vere cannot weep for his dead beloved Lenore. He gives an elegy in which he berates everyone for loving her wealth and hating her pride, suggesting that people had wished her ill and effectively killed her. The narrator asks him not to speak in this manner, although Lenore has taken away Hope in her death. Guy responds that he does not mourn because her soul has ascended to Heaven. http://dotsub.com/view/58591756-7128-488c-bfe9- 22463d46d907 What six things does the narrator say/ask the raven? What is the setting of “The Raven”? Why does the narrator say “nevermore” in stanza 13? How does the setting contribute to the mood of the poem? What does the raven symbolize? What does the raven’s shadow symbolize? (See last stanza) Who is Lenore and where is she now? Describe the change in the narrator’s emotions throughout the poem. Give an example and explanation of each from the poem: 1) gothic colors, 2) gothic weather, 3) gothic seasons, 4) gothic setting, 5) gothic romance. Follow along with handout: It was many and many a year ago, In a kingdom by the sea, That a maiden there lived whom you may know By the name of ANNABEL LEE; And this maiden she lived with no other thought Than to love and be loved by me. I was a child and she was a child, In this kingdom by the sea; But we loved with a love that was more than loveI and my Annabel Lee; With a love that the winged seraphs of heaven Coveted her and me. And this was the reason that, long ago, In this kingdom by the sea, A wind blew out of a cloud, chilling My beautiful Annabel Lee; So that her highborn kinsman came And bore her away from me, To shut her up in a sepulchre In this kingdom by the sea. The angels, not half so happy in heaven, Went envying her and meYes!- that was the reason (as all men know, In this kingdom by the sea) That the wind came out of the cloud by night, Chilling and killing my Annabel Lee. But our love it was stronger by far than the love Of those who were older than weOf many far wiser than weAnd neither the angels in heaven above, Nor the demons down under the sea, Can ever dissever my soul from the soul Of the beautiful Annabel Lee. For the moon never beams without bringing me dreams Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And the stars never rise but I feel the bright eyes Of the beautiful Annabel Lee; And so, all the night-tide, I lie down by the side Of my darling- my darling- my life and my bride, In the sepulchre there by the sea, In her tomb by the sounding sea. Give an example and explanation of each: Gothic setting Gothic weather Gothic seasons Gothic colors Gothic romance What happened to Annabel Lee? Use the text to explain. Who do you think Annabel Lee was to Poe? Why? Use context clues to define the following: Winged seraphs of heaven Her highborn kinsman Demons down under the sea Sepulcher there by the sea Give three examples from the poem that state this is a love poem.