Final Study Guide This study guide is intended to show you exactly what you will be tested on. Each of the concepts that are presented on this sheet are concepts that we covered in class during the course of the semester. On the study guide, you will see the main concepts that you will be tested on. You have until the day of the final to ask me any questions that you do not understand or remember. Types of appeals: 1. 2. 3. Ethos: Pathos: Logos: I. Examples of how it will be used on the final: a. The three types of appeals are Ethos, Pathos, and Logos i. What is Ethos used for? ii. What is Pathos used for? iii. What is Logos used for? 1. In Animal Farm, Squealer tells the animals that they surely do not want to see Jones come back. What kind of appeal is he using? Explain why. a. Ethos b. Pathos c. Logos ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Logical Fallacies 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Stereotyping Hasty Generalization False Cause and Effect Name Calling Begging the Question Either or Fallacy The Pigs in this story often use logical fallacies. What type of logical fallacy is this? Explain “Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back! Yes, Jones would come back! Surely, comrades,’ cried Squealer almost pleadingly, skipping from side to side and whisking his tail, ‘surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?’” a. Stereotyping b. Hasty Generalization c. False Cause and Effect d. Name Calling e. Begging The Question f. Either or Fallacy _____________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________ 7. Essay Prompt #1 In Animal Farm, there are animals that use appeals, logical fallacies, and persuasive tools. Choose a specific event in the story where you see an animal persuading other animals to do or think something new. Explain how they use different approaches to convince animals, and describe what they say and do in order to accomplish the persuasion of the other animals. Persuasive Tools 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Anecdote Scenario Quote Commonly Held Belief Fact In Old Major’s speech, he explains what many of the animals believe is the truth about humans. He explains that “‘Man is the only creature that consumes without producing. He does not give milk, he does not lay eggs, he is too weak to pull the plough, he cannot run fast enough to catch rabbits. Yet he is lord of all the animals. He sets them to work, he gives back to them the bare minimum that will prevent them from starving, and the rest he keeps for himself. What persuasive tool is this? Explain. a. b. c. d. e. Anecdote Scenario Quote Commonly Held Belief Fact __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Exposition 1. 2. 3. 4. Cause and Effect Comparing and Contrasting Defining Giving Examples Essay Prompt #2 Throughout the story, we see a series of events that lead to the horrible fate of Animal Farm. Choose three events that you believe were important to the fate of Animal Farm. Explain what caused it, who was involved, and what the ultimate effect was. You should give key details and examples from the story to prove what the causes and effects truly are. Essay Prompt #3 In the story, multiple animals serve as leaders. Choose two animals that you saw throughout the story and explain what makes them good leaders and/or what makes them bad leaders. Choose examples from the story and make sure to define what a good leader and a bad leader are.