Notes: 1. Metals 2. Metalloids (semimetals) 3. Nonmetals Metals are to the left of the semimetals. 1. Solid (except for Mercury which is the only liquid metal). 2. Lustrous (this means it is shiny) 3. Malleable (this means it is bendable or can be flattened into a sheet) 4. Ductile (this means it can be shaped into wires). 5. Good Conductors of heat and electricity. We cook with metal to transfer heat to our food. We use metals in wires to conduct electricity throughout our house. 6. High melting and boiling points. HOT HOT HOT! What are the 6 properties of metals? Nonmetals are to the right of the semimetals. 1. Solid, Gas, or Liquid (Bromine is the only liquid nonmetal) 2. Dull(this means it is NOT shiny). 3. Brittle (this means it crumbles into pieces) 4. Poor conductors of heat and electricity. 5. Low melting and boiling points. What are the 5 properties of nonmetals? Most elements with a side touching the zig-zag line are semimetals except aluminum. They are: B, Si, Ge, As, Sb, Te, Po, At. (Everything on the stair but Aluminum!) 1. They have properties of both metals and non-metals. (some are shiny, some are dull, they can be brittle or malleable, etc). Example: Silicon is shiny but brittle. 2. They are semiconductors. (this means they conduct heat and electricity, but not as well as metals and under certain circumstances). Ex. Silicon works well as a microchip. What are the 2 properties of semimetals? •Shown here in red boxes. •Only 2 elements are liquids at room temperature: Mercury (Hg) and Bromine (Br) •Hydrogen (H) •Helium (He) •Nitrogen (N) •Oxygen (O) •Fluorine (F) •Chlorine (Cl) •Neon (Ne) •Argon (Ar) •Krypton (Kr) •Xenon (Xe) •Shown here in purple boxes. •Radon (Ra) •Shown here in yellow boxes. •Everything else on the periodic table is a solid. METALS Conclusion: Write at least 5 complete and complex sentences explaining the properties of metals, semimetals, and nonmetals. Be sure to include where these main sections are on the periodic table including the solids, liquids, and gases. TURN YOUR ISN TO YOUR NEXT BLANK PAGE AND NUMBER YOUR PAPER 1-19. Metals Metals Non-Metals Metals Metals Non-Metals Semi-Metals Metals Non-Metals Non-Metals WE WILL USE YOUR COLORCODED PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-11. WE WILL USE YOUR COLORCODED PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-11. 1. Which arrow points to Metals? Semimetals? Nonmetals? C A B 1. Which arrow points to Metals? Semimetals? Nonmetals? C: Non metals A: Metals B: Semimetals 2. Is Germanium (32 protons) a metal, semi-metal or nonmetal? 2. Germanium is a semi-metal because it touches the zig-zag line 3. Is Aluminum (13 protons) a metal, semi-metal or nonmetal? 3. Aluminum is a metal. It’s the only element touching the zig-zag line that is NOT a semi-metal 4. Is Bromine (35 protons) a metal, semi-metal or nonmetal? 4. Bromine is a nonmetal 5. Name all 8 semi-metals 5. Boron, Silicon, Germanium, Arsenic, Antimony, Tellurium, Polonium, and Astatatine (they are all touching the zig-zag line 6. Is Mercury a solid, liquid or gas at room temperature? 6. Mercury is the only liquid metal element at room temperature 7. What is the other liquid on the periodic table and is it a metal, semi-metal or nonmetal? 7. Bromine is the other liquid and it is a nonmetal 8. Is Iodine (53 protons) a solid, liquid or gas at room temperature? 8. Iodine is solid at room temperature (you may be familiar with liquid ‘iodine’ at the doctor office. That is not pure iodine) 9. Are all the elements in Group 18 or 8A gases at room temperature? 9. Yes, all the elements in Group 18 or 8A are gases, and they are all inert (unreactive) gases 10. List the 5 other gases that are not in the Group 18 gases. 10. The other gases are Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine and Chlorine 11. Are all the semi-metals also solid at room temperature? 11. Yes, all the semi-metals are solid at room temperature. WE WILL NOW USE YOUR BLUE PERIODIC TABLE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 12-19. YOU MAY NOT LOOK AT YOUR COLOR-CODED PERIODIC TABLE! 12. Is Boron (5 protons) a metal, semi-metal or nonmetal? 12. Boron is a semi-metal. I know this because it’s to the left/right of the zig-zag line 13. Is Gallium (31 protons) a metal, semi-metal or nonmetal? 13. Gallium is a metal. I know this because all metals are to the left of the semimetals 14. List all 11 gases 14. All gases are toward the right side of the periodic table except Hydrogen. The gases are: Hydrogen, Helium, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Fluorine, Chlorine, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radon 15. What are the only 2 liquids at room temperature on the periodic table? 15. Mercury and Bromine No trick to remember this, just memorize them! 16. List the 5 nonmetals that are solid at room temperature 16. Carbon, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Selenium, Iodine 17. Where are all nonmetals located (except for Hydrogen)? 17. All nonmetals are to the right of the semi-metals, except for Hydrogen 18. Which elements conduct heat and electricity the best: metals, nonmetals or metalloids? 18. Metals conduct heat and electricity the best 19. Which elements are brittle: metals, nonmetals or metalloids? 19. Nonmetals (although some metalloids may have this property as well) Metal in Li or Be nd 2 period Non-Metal with 4 ve C or carbon rd 3 period metal with 3 ve Al Semi-metal with 3 ve B Noble gas in period Ar rd 3 Non-metal with 1 ve H 76 protons Os Halogen in period Br th 4 5. Using a marker, draw one line across the periodic square for gases, three lines across the square for the liquids, and do not draw any lines across the periodic squares for the solids.