### What is Solubility?

The maximum amount of a substance that will dissolve in a certain amount of solvent at a given temperature is called that substances

*solubility*

in that solvent

*Solute*

= is dissolved

*Solvent*

= does the dissolving

Example: __ grams of salt (NaCl) in 100 g of water at __

˚C.

### Temperature and Solubility

The

*temperature*

of the solution affects how much of the solute is dissolved by the solvent.

Increasing the temperature

*does not always*

increase the solubility.

*Solubility curves*

are used to show how the solubility of a substance changes with temperature.

To read the graph, find the line for the substance.

The amount that dissolves at a given temperature is on the yaxis.

How much KNO

3 in 100g H

2 dissolves

O at 50 o

C?

1. Find the line (red)

2. Find the temperature and follow up to the line. (green)

3. Read across to the yaxis and this is the answer. (blue)

4. Since it is above the ½way between 80 and

90, it is 87.

### What kind of solution do you have?

A point on the line is a

*saturated*

solution.

Above the line is

*supersaturated*

.

Below the line is

*unsaturated*

.

### Your turn! Use your graph

2.

3.

4.

1.

5.

How much NaCl will dissolve in 100g H

2

O at 35 o

C?

How much NH

4

Cl will dissolve at 50 o

C?

What is the solubility of SO

2 at 25 o

C?

What is the solubility of KClO

3 grams of water at 35 o

C? in 100

What is the solubility of KI in 100 grams of water at 10 o

C?