Improper Waste Disposal Marc Driscoll Pete L’Heuruex Skylur Jameson Rob Wong Waste Disposal With technology comes hazardous byproducts Properly disposing wastes is extremely important. Places tragically affected by improper waste disposal Love Canal Times Beach Love Canal: History Who: Niagara Falls Board of Education & Hooker Chemical Corporation What: Toxic Chemical Exposure Where: Niagara Falls, New York When: 1976 Background: ◦ Chemicals buried since 1942 ◦ Land sold in 1953 ◦ Toxic chemicals Exposed 1976 Disclaimers and Construction Hooker granted permission to dump toxins ◦ 21,000 tons: chlorinated hydrocarbons & fatty acids Land Bought Canal drained & filled Land sold to Board of Education: April 28, 1953 ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Hooker advises against Proof of chemical Disclaimer issued Property sold 99th Street School Health Emergency Community Involvement and Investigation ◦ Lois Gibbs-1978 ◦ Love Canal Homeowners Association – surveys ◦ (56% child birth defects) EPA adds city to environmental disaster list: 1979 ◦ Eckhardt C. Beck & Robert Whalen Financial costs ◦ Community & Chemical Companies President Carter announces health emergency ◦ August 7, 1978 ◦ Federal Disaster Assistance Agency Aftermath Scientific studies & surveys Family relocation & clean-up ◦ 800 families relocated vs. 60 families stayed ◦ 248 separate chemicals 1980-Love Canal Revitalization Agency ◦ Toxic area recovered, fence put around. Legislation Passed ◦ Companies responsible Reimbursement for homes and later local lawsuits settled. Times Beach Many dirt roads due to lack of funds to pave them. Russell Bliss hired to oil the roads Bliss also oiled horse stables (dust) 1971 – Bliss blamed for death of 62 horses Bliss – spreading motor oil deemed as “Ok” - subcontracted out to Northeastern Pharmaceutical and Chemical Chemical company (NEPACCO) NEPACCO was giving Bliss toxic chemicals like Dioxin. Times Beach Contamination 1971 – reclaimed oils and waste chemicals spread for dust suppressant Dioxin – extremely toxic chemicals compound (carcinogenic mutagenic, teratogenic & fetotixic. Byproduct of burning plastic and bleaching paper. Usage continued until 1982 Flooding of Merrimac River 1982 – spreading. EPA purchased Times Beach for $33 million and relocated the inhabitants. Definitions Carcinogenic – any substance or agent that tends to produce a cancer. Mutagenic- Capable of inducing mutation Teratogenic - substance capable of interfering with the development of a fetus, causing birth defects. Ferotoxic – toxic to fetuses Results CDC started investigation in 1979 NEPACCO employee admitted company’s use of Dioxin ◦ Sued in 1980 Times Beach was only one of 100 separate regions contaminated. 1993 – 2,000 residents moved (only a few stayed behind) 1983 – Presdident Reagan formed Dioxin task force to study its effects. Times Beach is now State Park. Bibliography Voland, Gerald. Engineering by Design. 2nd Edition. New Jersey. Pearson Eduction, Inc., 2004. http://www.timesbeach.org . Accessed March 16, 2009. http://biology.edu Accessed March 16, 2009. http://ask.com/lovecanal. Accessed March 16, 2009.