The French and Indian War 1754 – 1763 Who was Involved? France vs. England in America; they were bitter enemies French allies: – Algonquians & Hurons & Spanish English allies: – Iroquois & American colonists General George Washington = England Spanish vs. English fighting for Florida Causes Land Grab: France occupied the middle area of current day, U.S.A. (along the Mississippi River) and Quebec and eastern Canada France and local Natives of the area (Algonquians & Hurons) = FRIENDS American colonists = were ENGLISH English and Iroquois = ALLIES Turning Points French & English – fighting also in Europe (Seven Years War) France’s continued neglect of N. American fight eventually turned in favor of British; British winning America Quebec and all of eastern Canada surrendered http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yer7OfHyynU Outcome Treaty of Paris – Britain gained all French land east of the Mississippi River (including Canada) Proclamation of 1763 – line drawn at Appalachian Mountains (reserving land on the western side for Native Americans) Native Americans on all sides… lose! (English cut off ties with Iroquois, French left the area where Algonquians & Hurons were) Florida given to England; land west of Mississippi (Louisiana Territory) given to Spain for helping France Impact on the American Revolution American colonists will unite and work together to fight the French American colonists had to pay high taxes for war expenses NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION! SUMMARY QUIZ TIME 1. T/F The French and Indian War was a war between the French versus the Native Americans. 2. T/F George Washington was a red coat during this war. 3. What war was the European version of the French and Indian War? 4. After the war was fought, what did England create to stop American colonists from taking over previously French controlled land? 5. Why were the colonists angry about being taxed more after the French and Indian War?