2011-2012 human anatomy & physiology

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2014-2015 HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
SUMMER ASSIGNMENT
Reading material for this assignment can be found on my school wires website. Any questions, don’t
hesitate to email me at [email protected]
DUE DATE: **If you were enrolled in this class before 8/31, the summer assignment is due on the 1st
day of class. ** If you were enrolled in this class after 8/31, the summer assignment is due 1 week
after the date of enrollment. Assignments can be placed in my mailbox at school if you’d like to hand
them in earlier. All work is to be HANDWRITTEN. If there is ANY indication your work was copied
by or from another student all parties will receive a 0.
GRADING: Vocabulary note cards count as 2 separate homework grades (keep chapters separate),
while the rest of the assignment counts as 2 lab grades. Within the 1st 2 weeks of school you will have
a TEST on this information.
ASSIGNMENT:
Chapter 1: Overview of the Body:
1. Define ALL the vocabulary listed in the margins of Chapter 1 on NOTE CARDS. Write the terms
on one side and brief definition/ (in your own words) on the other side. If you don’t own note cards,
buy them or make your own: http://www.scholastic.com/kids/homework/flashcards.htm
http://www.kitzkikz.com/flashcards/
2. Read Chapter 1 pages 2 – 29. Answer the concept check questions at the end of each section using
the attached pages for your answers. You may NOT type your answers. If you need additional space
3. Complete the multiple choice questions “Check Your Understanding” 1-26.
4. Label the diagrams using the information from Chapter 1.
Chapter 3: Organization of the Body:
1. Define the following vocabulary on NOTE CARDS (use sites above to type/print out ntcds):
stem cells
intercalated discs
urinary system
dysfunction
epithelial tissue
involuntary muscle
lymphatic system
biopsy
connective tissue
voluntary muscle
muscular system
atrophy
muscle tissue
neurons
nervous system
dystrophy
nervous tissue
digestive system
reproductive system
hypertrophy
collagen
skeletal system
cardiovascular system
metastasis
striations
endocrine system
respiratory system
necrosis
integumentary system
2. ONLY read pages 76- 78 and 107 – 123 in Chapter 3. Answer the concept check questions at the
end of each section using the attached pages for your answers. You may NOT type your answers. If
you need additional space just attach a separate piece of paper.
3. Fill in the missing blanks on the chart using the information on tissues in Chapter 3.
4. Complete the multiple choice, matching, and odd word-out sections that follow.
Name: __________________________________________ Date: _____________ Period: _______
Chapter 1 Questions
Page 7 #1-4: (6pts)
1.
2.
4.
Page 9 #1-3 and label diagram: (11pts)
1.
2.
3.
Label the following terms (superior/cranial, inferior/caudal, medial, lateral, proximal, distal, deep,
superficial, anterior/ventral, posterior/dorsal.
Page 10, #1-3: and label the diagram (6pts)
1.
2.
3.
Draw the following planes on the figures below (sagittal, mid-sagittal, frontal, transverse.
Page 12, #1-3: (6pts)
1.
2.
3.
Page 14, #1-3: (3pts)
1.
2.
3.
Page 18, #1-3: (3pts)
1.
2.
3.
Page 20, #1-3: (6pts)
1.
2.
3.
Chapter1: Check Your Understanding (26 pts)
_____ 1. Anatomy is the study of
a. body function
b. body structure
c. human development
d. disease
_____ 2. The term pathology refers to the study of:
a. pain and suffering
b. disease
c. dead people
d. genetics
_____ 3. Which body structure is visible from a dorsal view?
a. nose
b. back
c. eyes
d. toes
_____ 4. The eyes are located __________ to the nose.
a. anterior
b. inferior
c. lateral
d. medial
_____ 5. The fingers are located _____ to the wrist.
a. dorsal
b. ventral
c. proximal
d. distal
_____ 6. The midsagittal plane cuts the body into:
a. upper and lower sections
c. 2 equal front and back sections
b. 2 equal left and right sections
d. unequal left and right sections
_____ 7. Which position requiresa patient to sit?
a. Fowler’s
b. Supine
c. Trendelenburg’s
d. Dorsal Recumbent
_____ 8. Which position represents the traditional position in a gynecological exam?
a. Knee-chest position
c. Sim’s position
b. Lithotomy position
d. What’s a gynecologist?
_____ 9. The person is lying prone in this position:
a. supine position
b. knee-chest position
c. Trendelenburg position
d. lithotomy position
_____ 10. Moving the whole leg away from the center of the body is an example of:
a. extension
b. adduction
c. flexion
d. abduction
_____ 11. Feet twisted toward the body are in the _______ position.
a. extension
b. adduction
c. eversion
d. inversion
______ 12. Which structure is considered unilateral?
a. lungs
b. eyes
c. kidneys
d. heart
_____ 13. The heart is mostly located in the:
a. LLQ
b. RLQ
c. LUQ
d. RUQ
_____ 14. The thoracic cavity contains the following structures:
a. heart and lungs
c. stomach and intestines
b. lungs and stomach
d. reproductive system and urinary bladder
_____ 15. The inferior part of the spinal cavity is called the __ region.
a. cervical
b. thoracic
c. sacral
d. coccyx
_____ 16. The study of the functions of living organisms and their parts is called:
a. physiology
b. chemistry
c. anatomy
d. biology
_____ 17. The thoracic portion of the ventral body cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic
portion by a muscle called the
a. latissimus dorsi
b. rectus femoris
c. diaphragm
d. pectoralis
_____ 18. An organization of varying numbers and kinds of organs arranged together to perform a
complex function is called al
a. cell
b. tissue
c. system
d. region
_____ 19. Which of the following structures does not lie within the abdominal cavity?
a. spleen
b. most of the small intestine
c. urinary bladder
d. stomach
_____ 20. Which of the following is an example of an upper abdominal region?
a. right iliac region b. left hypochondriac region c. left lumbar region
d. hypogastric region
____ 21. The dorsal body cavity contains components of the:
a. reproductive system
c. respiratory system
b. digestive system
d. nervous system
____ 22. What organ is not found in the pelvic cavity?
a. bladder
b. stomach
c. rectum
d. colon
_____ 23. If your reference point is “nearest the trunk of the body” rather than “farthest from the trunk
of the body,” where does the elbow lie in relation to the wrist?
a. anterior
b. posterior
c. distal
d. proximal
_____ 24. In the anatomical position:
a. The dorsal body cavity faces anterior
b. The palms face toward the back of the body
c. The body is erect/standing
d. All of the above
_____ 25. The buttocks are often used as intramuscular injection sites. This region can be called:
a. sacral
b. buccal
c. cutaneous
d. gluteal
_____ 26. Which of the following is not a component of the axial subdivision of the body?
a. upper extremity
b. neck
c. trunk
d. head
Chapter 1: Diagrams (22 pts)
Diagram 1: Ventral and Dorsal Body Cavities Use the following terms: cranial, dorsal, spinal,
pelvic, abdominopelvic, abdominal, ventral, thoracic, and mediastinum
Diagram 2: Regions of the Abdomen Use the following terms: epigastric, left hypochondriac, right
lower quadrant, umbilical, left upper quadrant, hypogastric, right iliac, left upper quadrant, right
lumbar, left lumbar, left iliac, right upper quadrant, and right hypochondriac.
Chapter 3: Questions
Page 112, #2: (2pts)
2. Name and describe the four main types of tissue and provide an example of each.
Ch. 3  Concept Check Page 118, #1-3: (6pts)
1.
2.
3.
Ch. 3  Concept Check Page 120, #1-3: (3pts)
1.
2.
3. Describe the differences between atrophy, hypertrophy, dysplasia, dystrophy, and hyperplasia.
Multiple Choice: (3pts)
_____ 1. Which of the following is not an example of connective tissue?
a. muscle
b. blood
c. fat
d. bone
_____ 2. Which of the following is the most abundant and widely distributed types of body tissue?
a. epithelial
b. connective
c. muscle
d. nerve
_____ 3. Which of the following groupings of words, correctly describes one of the muscle cell types?
a. skeletal, smooth, voluntary
c. skeletal, striated, voluntary
b. cardiac, smooth involuntary
d. cardiac, striated, voluntary
Matching: (11 pts)
_____ 1. Integumentary
a. hair
_____ 2. Skeletal
b. spinal cord
_____ 3. Muscular
c. hormones
_____4. Nervous
d. tendons
_____ 5. Endocrine
e. joints
_____ 6. Circulatory
f. esophagus
_____ 7. Lymphatic
g. ureters
_____ 8. Urinary
h. larynx
_____ 9. Digestive
i. genitalia
_____ 10. Respiratory
j. spleen
_____ 11. Reproductive
k. capillaries
Circle the term that does not below:
12. pharynx
trachea
mouth
alveoli
13. veins
arteries
heart
pancreas
14. pineal
bladder
uterus
urethra
15. tendon
muscle
voluntary
ligament
16. brain
pituitary gland
spinal cord
nerves
17. hormones
thyroid gland
pancreas
appendix
18. nails
hair
oil glands
stomach
19. thymus
spleen
tonsils
liver
20. uterus
heart
testes
ovaries
NERVOUS
TISSUE
_____________
TISSUE
_____________
TISSUE
EPITHELIAL
TISSUE
Tissue
1. within systems and cavities
6. Hemopoetic
1. _________________
2. neurons
1. glia
___________________________
3. heart
6. within bone
5. _________________
3. _________________
5. ________________________
4. Dense fibrous
2. ________________________
4. tendons and ligaments
3. _________________
2. striated
2. ________________________
Locati
3. everywhere
1. within bones
Type
1. _________________
2. Cartilage
2. ________________________
1. ________________________
Location in body
2. Stratified squamous
1. Simple squamous
Types or Examples
2. _________________________________
1. _________________________________
3. _________________________________
2. _________________________________
1. _________________________________
6. _________________________________
5. _________________________________
4. _________________________________
3. _________________________________
2. _________________________________
1. _________________________________
2. _________________________________
1. diffusion of substances
Function
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