SWBAT: Describe the effects of WWII in Europe that led to the Cold War.
Skim pages 627-631 .
- What caused WWII according to Americans?
- USA wanted to promote… (pg 627)
- Cold War (definition):
- Yalta Conference
- What does Stalin agree to do in Poland?
- How was Germany divided?
- Satellite nations (definition):
- Iron curtain (definition):
Most Americans believed it was the economic depression that led to the rise of dictators in
Need to prevent it from happening again
Economic growth by increasing world trade
USA goal was to rebuild
European economy so they can be trading partners
Spreading democracy and capitalism in the west
Confrontation, competition, tension between the USA and the
Soviet Union from 1948-
No actual direct fighting was done
Soviet Union wanted to spread communism among eastern Europe
European leaders met to decide the next steps in Europe
Stalin agreed to hold free elections in
Poland since it was a democratic country prior to the war
Stalin will not keep his promise
Split Germany into 4 occupation zones (Soviet Union, France,
Split capital city, Berlin, in the same way
Eventually Allies combine zones in West Germany (democratic) vs. East Germany (communist)
** Draw in notes
Communist countries of eastern Europe
Stalin used them to create a buffer around the Soviet Union
Phrase from Churchill’s speech
Symbolic idea that there is a heavy division/separation between western and eastern
SIN # 30 cont. - due tomorrow
Use list of countries on front to color NATO,
Warsaw Pact, and Neutral countries on back (Spain 2 colors)
Answer 4 circled questions on front.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S2PUIQpAEAQ curtain speech iron