Name __________________________________________ Date _________ COMPLETED - STUDY GUIDE Point of View/Author’s Purpose/The Necklace Short Story Be able to define/identify/analyze the following. What are the three main reasons an author writes a story? 1. To persuaude, 2. To entertain, 3. To inform. Period _____ What is it called when the author of a non-fiction/ informational text expresses his opinions and views? Point of View. Be able to match P.O.V definitions with their appropriate term. narrator has access to all the actions and thoughts within fiction has a restricted view of events, and doesn't "know" the whole story uses the pronoun "I" to tell the story, and can be either a major or minor character. within it. uses the pronoun "you" and makes the reader a participant in the story is an observer and describes or interprets thoughts, feelings, motivations, of the characters. Unreliable because he/she is in the story, and can only speak to his/her experiences within it uses the pronoun "he" or "she" and does not take part in the story. The perspective of the story delivered by the narrator. All knowing; knowing and seeing all First Person Narrator: uses the pronoun "I" to tell the story, and can be either a major or minor character. within it. Point of View: The perspective of the story delivered by the narrator. Limited Narrator: has a restricted view of events, and doesn't "know" the whole story Third Person Narrator: uses the pronoun "he" or "she" and does not take part in the story. Omniscient Narrator: narrator has access to all the actions and thoughts within fiction Objective Narrator: is an observer and describes or interprets thoughts, feelings, motivations, of the characters. Omniscient: All knowing; knowing and seeing all Second Person Narrator: uses the pronoun "you" and makes the reader a participant in the story Subjective Narrator: Unreliable because he/she is in the story, and can only speak to his/her experiences STUDY GUIDE (Cont’d.) P.O.V/Author’s Purpose/The Necklace Short Story Be able to identify examples of P.O.V as either: 1st, 2nd, 3rd Limited, 3rd Omniscient, or 3rd Objective To make French toast: First, take out a skillet to cook and turn the stove on low…. 2nd person How much further? Jake and Amanda both wondered as they climbed the steep steps to the top of Maniac Mountain. 3rd Person Omniscient Time to head toward Freeze Lightning! I thought as I headed for the fastest roller coaster in the park. “Now I know why they call it Maniac Mountain” Amanda said hoping the pain in her lungs would soon cease. “You have to be a maniac to climb this!” Hansel walked ahead of Gretel. Gretel dropped breadcrumbs behind her as she went. Ahead of them, an old witch waited. 1st Person 3rd Person Limited 3rd Person Objective Be able to analyze why a specific point of view was used in a text. Write (TRUE) OR (FALSE) below – if false change the necessary words to make it a true statement. TRUE The author of a poem who is writing about his personal feelings will most likely use first person narration. FALSE If the author wants the reader to identify with a specific character he/she will write in Third Person Objective point of view making it possible for the reader to see the thoughts feelings and experiences of that individual. The correct P.O.V is 3rd Limited FALSE If the author of a story wants the reader to have an unbiased view of everything happening in the story he/she will write in 3rd person limited perspective. The correct P.O.V is 3rd Objective Be able to define the following words from The Necklace Short Story in context and back up their meaning with support from the text. Gallantries Inscrutable Petulantly Usurers Abject Polite, respectful or chivalrous attention given to women by men. Impossible to understand or interpret Childishly sulky or bad tempered (irritable, peevish) Person who lends money at unreasonably high rates of interest Extremely bad, unpleasant, and degrading STUDY GUIDE (Cont’d.) P.O.V/Author’s Purpose/The Necklace Short Story Be able to tell what the Necklace Symbolizes. (Finish the following sentence starters) The necklace is literally paste although it looks like it could be made of actual diamonds and cost a lot of money. The necklace could stand for wealth, The necklace is about Mathilde's desire for wealth and status. In addition to wealth, the necklace might symbolize things appearing better than they are. In the end, poverty ruins Mathilde's life, looks, dreams, aspirations, hopes Be able to identify Themes present in the Necklace. (Finish the following sentence starters-find) The second necklace is made of actual diamonds This is a story of greed and pride Mathilde is obsessed with riches, wealth, and status After she loses the necklace, Mathilde experiences real poverty. Which theme is this. Pride can lead to a life of suffering What is the narrator’s P.O.V in The Necklace 3rd Person Omniscient. How do you know (text evidence) The thoughts and feelings of multiple characters are being revealed. From Mathilde’s P.O.V what is her opinion of her husband you might say she sees him as simple, distant and lacking understanding of her, and maybe unloving. How do you know (text evidence) Reference NB: 13 Why is Matilde Loisel unhappy early in her marriage? She wishes she was rich and of a higher social status. Why is Matilde “filled with terrible anguish” when she decides to borrow a necklace? She is embarrassed and doesn’t want anyone to know that she is lacking in any way. For his part, her husband spends much of the evening at the party doing what? Sleeping Does Mr. Loisel steal money from his job? No Why do the Loisels lie about the necklace? They don’t want Madame Forestier to get mad. What is made clear at the end of the story about the Loisel’s suffering? It was all for nothing. How does Mathilde spend the evening at the party? Dancing What is the central idea of The Necklace? Being too proud can cause problems What is Mme. Forestier’s response to Matilde’s final revelation about the necklace? shock From the author’s description of her at the beginning of the story, Matilde is best described as? Beautiful, superficial, shallow Written/Constructed Response In 1-2 sentences be able to write a brief objective summary about The Necklace. Your answers will vary; do this part on your own. Be able to use the text below to describe how the ending of The Necklace was ironic. What did you expect to happen? What happened that surprised you? Your answers will vary; do this part on your own "Do you remember that diamond necklace you lent me to wear at the ministerial ball?" "Yes. Well?" "Well, I lost it." "What do you mean? You brought it back." "I brought you back another exactly like it. And it has taken us ten years to pay for it. You can understand that it was not easy for us, for us who had nothing. At last it is ended, and I am very glad." Madame Forestier had stopped. "You say that you bought a necklace of diamonds to replace mine?" "Yes. You never noticed it, then! They were very similar." And she smiled with a joy that was at once proud and ingenuous. Madame Forestier, deeply moved, took her hands. "Oh, my poor Mathilde! Why, my necklace was paste! It was worth at most only five hundred francs!"