8.4b- Explain the roles played by significant individuals during the American Revolution, including Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton and Samuel Adams
8.16a- Identify the influence of ideas from historic documents
8.30b- Identify points of view from the historical context surrounding an event and the frame of reference that influenced the participants
• In every conflict, there are at least two opposing sides.
• In the 13 colonies, this statement was also true.
• Not every colonist believed that the conflict with
Britain was a good idea.
• Wearing red trunks, are the LOYALISTS.
• The Loyalists were people who remained loyal to the king of England.
• Loyalists were also referred to as
“Tories” by their opponents (I guess this was an insult?)
• Loyalists argued that Britain had taken care of the colonies both financially and militarily.
• They pointed to the French and Indian War as a prime example.
• It is estimated that about 30% of the colonists were Loyalists.
• They were the minority in some places, but in colonies like New York, they were the majority.
• Wearing blue trunks, are the PATRIOTS!
• Patriots were those who rebelled against the
• Loyalists called them
Examples of famous Patriots
Samuel Adams, leader of the Sons of Liberty Patrick Henry, “Give me liberty or give me death”
Thomas Jefferson, main author of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Paine, author of “Common Sense”
George Washington, commander of the
The Sugar Act
The Stamp Act
The Proclamation of 1763
The Tea Act
The Townshend Acts
• Only about 40% of the colonists were Patriots .
• They were the majority in New England
(especially Massacheusettes.) Now you know why the New England Patriots play in Boston.
• Some people simply wanted to stay out of the whole mess.
• These people were called Neutralists, since they were neutral in the conflict.