Who were the Puritans?

 Pick up your spiral and folder, as well as
a copy of the anticipation guide “Puritans
and the Fundamental Orders of
 Complete the “Before Notes” T/F section
at the top of the anticipation guide
 Then read the Summary Questions on
the anticipation guide so you know what
information to listen for during the notes
 Get out a highlighter and something to
write with
Who were the Puritans?
 Wanted to reform (purify) the Church of
 DID NOT want to separate
 Their mission was to create a model
society committed to God
 Did not like church rituals
 Persecuted by the king, they decided to
come to the Americas
1630  1,000 Puritans set off in
11 well-supplied ships (the first of
about 20,000 total that would
come) to the Massachusetts Bay
Colony (NOT Plymouth)
 Were well-prepared and did not
have a starving time
Each town was made up of its own church
 Commonwealth: a community in which people
work together for the common good
 Governor = John Winthrop
 Town meeting = form of self-government
 Only males who were members of the
church could vote or hold office
 Had to attend church…it was LAW!
 All children were educated so they could
read the Bible
Puritan “Rebel”- Thomas Hooker
Thomas Hooker led his
congregation out of
Massachusetts due to strict
Puritan laws (including
limitations on voting)
 Founded Connecticut in 1637
 Created the Fundamental
Orders of Connecticut as the
colony’s government
What were the Fundamental
Orders of Connecticut?
 First constitution in the Americas
 Unlike Massachusetts, voting was NOT
limited to just church members
 Reduced the power of the governor
 Expanded representative government in
the colonies by allowing more people to vote
Puritan “Rebel”- Roger Williams
Minister from Massachusetts who
disagreed with strict laws
 Opposed forced church
 He was found guilty of preaching
new & dangerous opinions and was
kicked out
 Founded Rhode Island the next
year (1636)
Puritan “Rebel”- Anne Hutchinson
Intelligent, strong-willed woman
 Seen as threatening to male control
of Massachusetts
 Also preached new & dangerous
opinions, including the belief that a
person could worship without the help
of a church, minister, or bible
 Forced to leave Massachusetts, she
moved to Rhode Island with Roger
Founding of Rhode Island
Puritans wanted Roger Williams sent back
to England to keep him from starting a
competing colony
 Williams established political freedom in
Rhode Island with universal male
suffrage (all men could vote)
Rhode Island became known as the “Sewer,”
a dumping ground for religious dissenters
(rebels) by Puritans
▪ More liberal (open to new ideas, less
traditional) than any other colony!
Population of the New England
• Answer the summary questions on
the anticipation guide
• Then fasten your notes and the
anticipation guide into the brads of
your folder
PDSA 9/22
Compare your grade on the vocabulary quiz
and DBQ to other classes.
1. How does the class average compare to
the other classes? How does it compare
to our PDSA goal?
2. How did you compare with the class
Answer the following in your journal:
1. What worked for you this time to help you
meet your goals?
2. What do you need to change to do better
next time?