Ch 5 sec 2 powerpoint

Chapter 5 section 2
Puritan Colonies in New England
John Winthrop
• John Winthrop, Puritan leader said, “Follow the
counsel of Micah: to do justly, to love mercy, to
walk humbly with our God. For this end, we
must rejoice together, mourn together, labor and
suffer together, always having before our eyes
our common work.” Dated 1630. Winthrop
wanted to make his colony a “city upon a hill.”
John Winthrop
Puritan Colonies
• Puritans founded several more colonies in New
England. Prosperous landowners and merchants
organized Massachusetts Colony.
• They set up a representative government made
up of a bicameral legislature.
• Bicameral-a two house legislature
Massachusetts Bay Colony
• In 1629, a group of Puritans formed a joint stock
company which they called the Massachusetts
Bay Company. King Charles I gave them a
charter to settle on land north of Plymouth.
Unlike other charters, this one did not require
company stockholders to meet in England.
The Great Migration
• During the “Great Migration” between 1630 and
1640, some 20,000 people arrived in Boston, the
capital city in Massachusetts.
• Religion was closely tied to government in
Massachusetts. All colonies, Puritan or not, were
bound by law to live by Puritan rules.
Rhode Island
• Roger Williams was the first Puritan leader to
break away. Although he was a Puritan minister,
he soon accused leaders of not following the
teachings of the Bible. His views angered Puritan
leaders and in 1635 the General Court ordered
him back to England. Fearing arrest in England,
he fled with a few of his followers and
established the settlement of Providence. Under
his leadership, he formed the colony of Rhode
Roger Williams
Anne Hutchinson
• Like Williams, Anne Hutchinson also clashed
with Puritan leaders in Massachusetts.
Hutchinson got in trouble when she questioned
church teachings. Puritan leaders ordered her to
stand trial in the Spring of 1638. The General
Court banished her “as being a women not fit for
our society”. She and her family fled to Rhode
Island and later to New Netherland. In 1643,
Hutchinson and 5 of her children were killed by
Cayuse Indians for bringing the white man’s
Anne Hutchinson
New England Colonies
• Other Puritans seeking farmland and furs,
settled and founded other colonies in New
• The Puritans founded Connecticut (Reverend
Thomas Hooker), New Hampshire, and Maine.
Thomas Hooker (Connecticut)
Conflict with Indians
• Indians helped settlers at first. When colonists
began taking their land, conflicts broke out.
• The bloody King Phillip’s War ended with the power
of New England tribes destroyed. In 1675, King
Phillip’s War spread from Massachusetts to Maine.
Peace was agreed on in 1678. During this conflict
600 colonists and 3,000 Indians died. The English
called it King Phillip’s War because they named it
after the Indian chief Metacomet, which the English
called King Phillip.