THE CONSERVATION MOVEMENT EMMA CLARK WHY? • When Americans gained new technology and began using cars more often they realized that they needed to save the planet they live in. • “Once its gone its gone forever” • There was a larger demand for nonrenewable resources • Increase of people with growing needs • Demand of energy and natural resources • 1953- Nyc people have medical problems like asthma and lung conditions because of increased smog • The dust bowl WHAT? • 1963- Clean Air act made local government take control to prevent air pollution using federal grants • 1964- Wilderness Act preserved nine million acres of land, national parks. • The Green House Effect- effects the earths temperature, scientists tried to lower the levels of carbon dioxide to lower the temperature of the earth. • The Exxon Valdez Alaska Oil spill of 1989- people started to realize they needed to focus attention on environmental conservation. • 1965- The Water Quality Act passes which increases federal control over water quality because of the federal water pollution control act of 1948- must have state wide standards of water quality. WHO? • John Muir- writer and wilderness advocate • Gifford Pinchot- chief of the US Forest Service, conservation management of natural resources for the future. • Theodore Roosevelt- secured new laws that gave government power to manage natural resources. TACTICS: • The League of Conservation Voters (1970)- single major independent environmental PAC • April 22, 1970- the first national earth day, which is still around today • Many acts passed by congress like the National Environmental policy act, the clean Air act, scenic rivers act. • Banned cutting down trees in public places (timber theft), burning forests for agriculture and land (Arson), and hunting except under certain, strict conditions (poaching). EVENTS: • Events and programs used for people to start enjoying the outdoors while conserving it: • Introduction of the eight hour work day, two day weekend, people enjoyed the outdoors. • The creation of the boy and girl scout programs: to get kids to appreciate the outdoors so the earth could still be preserved by younger generations • Many more summer camps and nature study for children. EARTH DAY • April 22, 1970 • Created by Gaylord nelson, a US senator from Wisconsin, after witnessing a huge oil spill in Santa Barbara California. • People practiced healthy lifestyles and had massive rallies and protests • Earth day became global, 141 countries joined the movements • Still goes on today SIGNIFICANCE: • The conservation movement is significant because it made cleaning and saving the earth more popular. • More people became aware that if they didn’t start doing anything about the earth it would be gone. • It created Earth day which is still around today for the same reason. http://www.foresthistory.org/ASPNET/Publications/centennial_minis/chap7.htm WORKS CITED: • "Teaching History.org, Home of the National History Education Clearinghouse." The Early Conservation Movement. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. • "David Walls." - Sonoma State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. • "American Experience: TV's Most-watched History Series." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. • "Teaching History.org, Home of the National History Education Clearinghouse." Teachinghistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015. • Barton, Greg. American Enviromentalism. San Diego Califoria: Press of San Diego, n.d. Print. • "David Walls." - Sonoma State University. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2015.