Geography…More Than Meets the Eye! The Five Themes of Geography • Draft a paragraph describing the place you live. • Identify the following: – Climate, landforms, region, location, culture, etc. – What makes the place we live unique? What makes it similar to other places? • After today, you should know: • What are the 5 Themes of Geography! – The difference between Absolute and Relative Location – What characteristics define place vs. region – Human-Environment Interaction – Movement • The five themes of geography are a framework for studying Geography in an organized fashion! – Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Movement, & Region The Five Themes of Geography 1. Location: Asks the big question… Where is it? Why is it located there? This deals with maps Tell me how to get your house.. The Five Themes of Geography 1. Location: 2 types Absolute Location—to locate a place using a coordinate system (given in degrees of longitude and latitude) Ex: 300 N and 700 W, or 313 1st Street Relative Location—to locate a place in relationship to other landmarks or places Ex: “Down the street from my grandma’s house on the corner with the big elm tree” The Five Themes of Geography 2. Place: Asks the big question… What is it like? How is it different from other places? The Five Themes of Geography 2. Place: Physical Characteristics—landforms (mountains, plains), bodies of water (oceans, lakes, rivers) ecosystems (soil, plants, animals, & climate) features that make places different from one another Human Characteristics—bridges, roads, buildings, culture, language The Five Themes of Geography Examples: Canada, U.S., and Mexico are all in North America, but politics makes them different places and countries Economics also make places different—North vs. South Korea Religion makes a place different—Jerusalem in the Middle East Can you think of one of your own? The Five Themes of Geography 3. Human-Environment Interaction: Asks the big question… How do people interact with and change their environment? The Five Themes of Geography 3. Human-Environment Interaction: People depend on the environment People adapt to the environment People modify the environment • What is the purpose of the 5 Themes of Geography? • Name the first theme of Geography? What question does it answer? • What is the difference between absolute and relative location? • What two types of characteristics define the theme or “Place”? • The theme of “Human-Environment Interaction” deals with the ways in which people _______________ on, _______________ to, and ____________________ the environment. The Five Themes of Geography 4. Movement: Asks the big question… How are people and places linked by communication and the flow of people, ideas and goods? The Five Themes of Geography 4. Movement: Transportation, communication, trade Patterns of movement such as migration Ways that ideas are transferred from one location to another Trade and Migration change our world The Five Themes of Geography 5. Region: Asks the big question… What are their unifying features and how do they form and change over time? The Five Themes of Geography 5. Region: Areas that share common features Region is a basic unit for geographic study Geographers divide the world into regions to help them interpret and understand the world Regions can be defined on the basis of: physical and human characteristics The Five Themes of Geography Formal Designated by official boundaries, such as cities, states, counties, and countries. Functional Defined by their connections (housing plans, shopping or cultural districts, etc.) Vernacular Perceived regions, such as "The South," "The Midwest," or the "Middle East;“ no formal boundaries but are understood in our mental maps of the world. • Objective: to apply the 5 Themes of Geography to an actual study…Ecuador! Ecuador Wow!!! 1. Location: Record all responses on worksheet #1 Look at the map of Ecuador and determine the absolute location of Quito, Ecuador You can also use the textbook, page 204 Which lines of latitude and longitude does Ecuador fall between? Next, determine the relative location of Ecuador and then record it on the information worksheet Give at least 3 reference points! The Five Themes of Geography 2. Place: Record all responses on worksheet #2 Look at the story and pictures in “Ecuador WOW!” List all of the physical features (gifts of nature, including climate) you can identify in the photographs Next, look for the human features (what makes a place unique—culture) that you can find in the photographs and text, then record them on worksheet 2. Look at the clothing, buildings, foods, celebrations, and landscape of the region. The Five Themes of Geography 3. Human-Environment Interaction: Record all responses on worksheet #3 Look at the story of “Ecuador WOW”? How people have adapted to, depended on, and modified the environment in Ecuador? Respond on worksheet 3 The Five Themes of Geography 4. Movement: Record all responses on worksheet #4 Look at the story of “Ecuador WOW”? Examine the photographs and read the text in “Ecuador Wow!” to find how goods, ideas, and people move in and out of Ecuador, and record them on worksheet #4 The Five Themes of Geography 2. Region: Record all responses on worksheet #5 Look back at the information you recorded on Worksheets 1, 2, 3, & 4… Decide what type(s) of region(s) Ecuador fits into with other countries of South America The region may be defined as an economic region, geographic region, or one defined by human or physical characteristics.