Theocratic Governments • Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Algeria You tell me the story of Women’s rights in the Middle East. Kabul Stadium Public Execution: Adulteress Which one is grandmother? Russian Vs Taliban Rule Gender Roles • Saudi Arabia- pertaining to women – Women need a male relative to escort to supermarket – No allowed to enter parliament – NO media attention • Iran – Chador- covering for women The Story of Men Shiite celebration of Ashura self-flagellation. Ashura is a ten day mourning of the martyrdom of Mohammed’s grandson Hussein. Male sports- can identify religion? Ethnicity, language? Mesopotamia The “land between the rivers” Home to Sumer, Babylonia, Assyria, and Chaldea Empires Fertile soil = easy crops Rivers = easy trade Abraham was born here! Kurds- Kurdistana stateless nation Who are the Kurds? Ethnic group that has occupied “Kurdistan” for 1000s of years Kurdistan = Iran, Iraq, Turkey Stateless Nation – people without a land to legally occupy Kurds resist control of countries they inhabit Oasis Dates- Date Palm Tree How could a city in the middle of a desert support a large population? Bedouins- use the pics to tell me about them. That’s a woman Bedouins Traditional culture Nomadic Fighters/Warriors Strong Family Ties Spread Islam Mix of Traditional and Modern way of life Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Goals: - coordinate policies on selling petroleum products - help member countries control worldwide oil prices Members: Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq, Iran, UAE (our personal neighbor Mexico and Venezuela) OPEC Why is Oil so important to Middle East? Money from this export is being used to build a more diverse economy Modernizing Infrastructure – Roads,desalinization, irrigation, airports, malls, IT Developing Other Resources – Agriculture (arid region)- building dams/wells – Developing water sources – Minerals Human Resources (skills and talents of people) – education/technology training Suez Canal oasis, irrigation, man-made modification, adaptation What does the Suez Canal connect? Drip IrrigationThis is a sugar beet farm in Turkey Desalinization Plants The removal of salt from ocean water - expensive -can't produce enough water to meet needs How has desalinization capacity changed since 1960? Pirates – Which picture above shows a Somalian pirate who plague the Arabian Sea? -Funded by terrorist groups -Somalia is poor – Taliban can infiltrate (extension of terrorism) -High jacking oil tankers Languages of the Middle East Who speaks Arabic, Turkish, Hebrew, and Farsi? What do you call the Islamic fundamentalist group in Afghanistan? Moors- remember them? They were a mix of Berber and N. Africa Muslim people who invaded Spain around 700?and ruled till 1492. Extra credit: show the cultural diffusion evidence of this time in today’s world. Gotta look… you’re on your own.