The Commonwealth Fund Improving Children’s Healthy Development Through Federal Child Health Policy Webinar Presentation Dr. Ed Schor, Vice-President, Commonwealth Fund – Moderator Dr. Charles Bruner, Director, Child & Family Policy Center & Chair, Member Leadership Council of Voices for America’s Children – Paper Presenter Alan Weil, Director, National Academy for State Health Policy Bruce Lesley, President, First Focus - Respondents Co-sponsored by Voices for America’s Children, the National Academy for State Health Policy, and First Focus The Case for Federal Leadership in Promoting Comprehensive Well-Child, Preventive and Developmental Health Services • Child health insurance coverage improves access to health care • Children’s healthy development can be improved through comprehensive primary, preventive, and developmental health services provided through that coverage • Exemplary health services and recognized practice guidelines (Bright Futures) exist for providing such primary care but are not yet part of routine practice • The federal government finances primary health care for a large share of America’s children, including the majority of the most vulnerable children • The federal government can play a leadership role in promoting the adoption of exemplary primary, preventive, and developmental health practices Improving Children’s Healthy Development – A Multi-Part Strategy Health Insurance Coverage Providing access to coverage (Medicaid, SCHIP, and private insurance) Getting children enrolled (outreach and easy enrollment) Use of Primary Health Services Providing a medical home and well-child visits Providing comprehensive screening (physical, dental, mental, environmental) Follow-up for Needed Medical and Other Services Providing effective referrals to further assess and treat medical and other health-related needs = Healthy Child Development Higher health trajectory and greater safety and success Reduced need for remediation and chronic disease management % of All Children Involved in Following Services 88.5% The Importance of Well-Child Care as an Early Detector of Young Children’s Needs 39.4% 24.3% 28.6% 3.8% Preventive Health Care Visit (0-5) EPSDT Visit (0-2) WIC Formal Child Participation Care (0-5) Arrangement (0-4) Head Start/Early Head Start (0-5) 5.8% 2.3% Part B of IDEA Part C of IDEA (3-5) (0-2) Sources: Preventive Health Visit: National Survey of Children's Health; EPSDT 416 Forms, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS); WIC FDA, Food and Nutrition Services, Office of Analysis, Nutrition, and Evaluation; Formal Child Care: Census Bureau Special Report: Who’s Minding the Kids?; Head Start: National Head Start Association, Program Fact Sheets; Part B: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Data Analysis System; Part C: IDEAdata.org Data Tables for Office of Special Education Programs State Reported Data The Importance of Medicaid and SCHIP in Providing Child Health Coverage Children Enrolled in Medicaid or SCHIP by Child Age, Nation 2007 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 34.8% 31.6% 26.8% 26.5% 20.9% Under 19 Birth to 1 Ages 1-5 Ages 6-12 Child Age Source: 2007 ASEC supplement to the Current Population Survey Ages 13-18 The Evidence Base for Improving Children’s Healthy Development through Primary Developmental Services ABCD Initiatives Assuring Better Child Health & Development Help Me Grow Current Federal Proposals on Child Health Coverage and Quality • HR976. SCHIP reauthorization contains “quality” provisions that speak primarily to developing child health quality measures • S1226. Children’s Health Care Quality Act speaks primarily to hospital and chronic health care services for children • S2376 Medical Home Act has a primary focus upon children with chronic health conditions • Limited emphasis upon primary, preventive and developmental child health services within these proposals. Expanding Federal Policy Leadership to Improving Children’s Healthy Development • Core set of primary care child health service outcomes • Structure within CMS focusing upon strengthening primary and preventive child health • Additional research on child health quality and outcomes in primary care • Incentives to states to promote evidenced-based practices in primary care • Coverage of services and care coordination that lead to improved child health Opportunities Are to Affect the Trajectory of Children’s Health, with Long-Term Benefits to Children and Society Children’s Health and Development Risk Factors Protective Factors 0 Age Improving the trajectory of child health and development involves increasing protective factors and reducing risk factors -- which requires a broad definition of child health services.