JOSEPH STALIN AND COMMUNISM IN RUSSIA

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JOSEPH STALIN AND COMMUNISM

IN THE SOVIET UNION

WARM UP – 11.30.15

Review Hitler and The Russian Revolution-

Answer these questions in your notes:

1. Who did Hitler blame for Germany losing the

First World War? How did he use this to his advantage?

2. Did Hitler succeed immediately in seizing power? What event helped him? Why is this?

3. What two revolutions make up the Russian

Revolution? What was each revolution attempting to overthrow?

THE RISE OF STALIN

RUSSIA AFTER THE REVOLUTION :

War and Revolution had destroyed Russia’s economy

Minimal trade

Industrial production stopped

Skilled workers left the country

WHAT IS COMMUNISM?

Bolsheviks – become the Communist Party

*COMMUNISM –

*No classes (everyone is equal) - There is no upper, middle, or lower class

*Workers control society (the Proletariat) – Not employers

*Wealth and goods distributed equally – the people own all aspects of society

RISE OF STALIN

*Vladimir Lenin dies in 1924

*A new leader emerges: JOSEPH STALIN

RISE OF STALIN

*STALIN –takes power in 1928

Cold, hard, and impersonal leader

*Dictator

*Government during Stalin’s rule was a

TOTALITARIANISM

TOTALITARIANISM

*DEFINITION: government that takes total, centralized, state control over every aspect of public and private life

FEATURES OF TOTALITARIANISM

*Use terror and violence to force obedience and to crush oppression

*Make people believe in the government’s beliefs

Made people believe they were helping everyone by following the government

FEATURES OF TOTALITARIANISM

*Use Propaganda and Censorship

Used to sway people’s beliefs

Control all aspects of mass media and education

*Religious and Ethnic Persecution

Persecuted any religion or ethnicity that went against beliefs of communism

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